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Welcome to the presentatio n


TheeconomyofBangladeshis a rapidlydevelopingmarket-based economy.Itsper capita incomein 2010 was est.U !1"#00$ad%&stedbyp&rchasingpowerparity'.(ccordingtotheInternational)onetary*&nd"Bangladesh rankedasthe++thlargesteconomyintheworldin2011in,,,termsand-#thlargestinnominalterms"among the.e/t 0levenor.-11of1oldman achsand2-3economies" with a gross domestic prod&ct of U !245.6 billion in ,,, terms and U !10+.5 billion in nominal terms. The economy has grown at the rate of 4-#7 per ann&moverthepastfewyears.)orethanhalfofthe12,isgeneratedbytheservicesector8whilenearlyhalfof Bangladeshis are employed in the agric&lt&re sector. 9ther goods prod&ced are te/tiles" %&te" fish" vegetables" fr&it"leatherandleathergoods"ceramics"ready-madegoods.


;emittances from Bangladeshis working overseas" mainly in the )iddle 0ast" is the ma%or so&rce of foreign e/change earnings8 e/ports of garments and te/tiles are the other main so&rces of foreign e/change earnings. hip b&ilding and cane c&ltivation have become a ma%or force of growth. 12,<s rapid growth d&e to so&nd financial control and reg&lations have also contrib&ted to its growth8 however"foreign direct investmentis yet to rise significantly.Bangladeshhasmadema%orstridesinitsh&mandevelopmentinde/. The land is devoted mainly toriceand%&tec&ltivation as well as fr&its and other prod&ce" altho&ghwheatprod&ctionhasincreasedinrecentyears8theco&ntryislargelyself-s&fficient inriceprod&ction.Bangladesh<sgrowthofitsagric&lt&ralind&striesisd&etoitsfertiledeltaic landthatdependonitssi/seasonsandm&ltipleharvests.

Macro-economic trend
This is a chart of trend of gross domestic prod&ct of Bangladesh at market pricesestimatedby the International )onetary*&ndwithfig&resinmillionsofBangladeshiTaka. =owever"thisreflectsonlytheformalsectoroftheeconomy.
Year 1%&0 1%&' 1%%0 1%%' 2000 200' 200& Gross Domestic Product 2'0()00 '%.()1& 1(0'/(2)/ 1('%/(210 2(/')(1*0 )(%1)())/ '(00)(/)& US Dollar Inflation Index Exchange (2000=100 1*+10 ,a-a )1+00 ,a-a )'+.% ,a-a /0+2. ,a-a '2+1/ ,a-a *)+%2 ,a-a *&+*' ,a-a 20 )* '& .& 100 12* 1/. Per !a"ita Income (as # of US$ 1+.% 1+1% 1+1* 1+12 0+%. 0+%'

)ost Bangladeshis earn their living from agric&lt&re.(ltho&gh rice and %&te are the primary crops" mai>e and vegetables are ass&ming greater importance.2&e to the e/pansionofirrigationnetworks"somewheatprod&cershaveswitchedtoc&ltivation ofmai>ewhichis&sedmostlyaspo&ltryfeed.Teaisgrowninthenortheast.Beca&se of Bangladesh<s fertilesoil and normally ample waters&pply" rice can be grown and harvested three times a year in many areas. 2&e to a n&mber of factors" Bangladesh<slabor-intensiveagric&lt&rehasachievedsteadyincreasesinfoodgrain prod&ction despite the often &nfavorable weather conditions. These incl&de better flood control and irrigation" a generally more efficient &se of fertili>ers" and the establishmentofbetterdistrib&tionandr&ralcreditnetworks.?ith23.3millionmetric tonsprod&cedin200--2004$@&lyA@&ne'"riceisBangladesh<sprincipalcrop. By comparison" wheat o&tp&t in 200--2004 was 5 million metric tons. ,op&lation press&recontin&estoplaceasevereb&rdenonprod&ctivecapacity"creatingafood deficit"especiallyofwheat. 2&e to farmers< v&lnerability to vario&s risks" Bangladesh<s poorest face n&mero&s potential limitations on their ability to enhance agric&lt&re prod&ction and their livelihoods.Theseincl&deanact&alandperceivedrisktoinvestinginnewagric&lt&ral technologiesandactivities$despitetheirpotentialtoincreaseincome'"av&lnerability toshocksandstressesandalimitedabilitytomitigateorcopewiththeseandlimited accesstomarketinformation

Manufacturing and industry

)anynew%obs-mostlyforwomen-havebeencreatedbytheco&ntry<sdynamicprivateready-made garmentind&stry"whichgrewatdo&ble-digitratesthro&ghmostofthe1550s.Bythelate1550s"abo&t 1.-millionpeople"mostlywomen"wereemployedinthegarmentssectoraswellasBeatherprod&cts specially *ootwear $ hoe man&fact&ring &nit'. 2&ring 2001-2002" e/port earnings from ready-made garments reached !6"12- million" representing -27 of Bangladesh<s total e/ports. Bangladesh has overtakenIndiainapparele/portsin2005"itse/portsstoodat2.44billionU dollar"aheadofIndia<s 2.2#billionU dollar.T.C1ro&p9fInd&stiresisoneofthelargestandleadingman&fact&ringDmaker inBangladesh.

Textile sector
Bangladesh<ste/tileind&stry"whichincl&desknitwearandready-madegarmentsalongwith speciali>edte/tileprod&cts"isthenation<sn&mberonee/portearner"acco&ntingfor307of Bangladesh<s e/ports of !1-.-4 billion in 2005.Bangladesh is 2nd in world te/tile e/ports" and Ehina which e/ported !120.1 billion worth of te/tiles in 2005. The ind&stry employs nearly 6.- million workers.The &rban garment ind&stry has created more than one million formal sector %obs for women" contrib&ting to the high female labor participation in Bangladesh. ?hile it can be arg&ed that women working in the garment ind&stry are s&b%ectedto&nsafelaborconditionsandlowwages

The stockmarket capitali>ationof the2haka tock 0/changein Bangladesh crossed !10 billion in .ovember200#andthe!60billiondollarmarkin2005" andU 2-0billionin(&g&st2010.Bangladeshhadone ofthebestperformingstockmarketsintheworldd&ring the recent global recession" d&e to relatively low correlationswithdevelopedco&ntrystockmarkets.)a%or investment in real estate by domestic and foreignresident Bangladeshis has led to a massive b&ilding boomin2hakaandEhittagong.