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WHAT IS TOURISM?

Tourism – those activities that take people away from their usual place of residence for pleasure or a holiday rather than work.
Most definitions of Tourism will however preclude business travel, as tourism generally implies travel for leisure and pleasure.

Tourism occurs as a result of the different types of business that provide a range of products and services to visitors. It also
involves the input of the public sector (government, politicians and bureaucrats) through policy formulation, regulations,
Legislation and funding assistance for marketing and investments.

TOURIST
A person who travels for pleasure and for reasons other than employment or business, usually more than 40kms from home and
usually for a period of more than 24 hours.

TRIP
A journey that involves a stay away from home being at least 40kms in distance and of at least 24 hours duration, but not for
more than 3 months.

VISIT
As a component of a trip, is defined as being made to each place where one or more nights is spent while on the trip.
ATTRACTIONS
Sights and activities at a destination that will attract tourists. May be natural or built.

SECTOR
One area or division of an industry, eg

HOSPITALITY TRAVEL OPERATIONS VISITOR SERVICES


Accommodation Retail Travel Agents Attractions (built and natural)
Restaurants Tour Wholesalers Special Event Organisers
Cafes / Bars Tour Operators Government Tourism Bodies
Club VenuesCruise Lines Regional Tourism Associations
Gaming Facilities Railways Visitor Information Centres
Conference Facilities Coach Companies Duty Free Shops
Catering Services Care Rental Companies Souvenir Outlets
Entertainment Airlines Recreation / Sports Facilities

MULTISKILLED
Having skills in more than one area of specialisation, enabling transfer between different job categories.
ALLOTMENT
Allocation of a specific number of hotel room or transport seats to tour operators to sell until a given date, when the unsold
rooms or seats are given ‘released back’ t the hotel or carrier without payment.

ITINERARY
Plan of a journey, travel route.

QUOTE
Estimate provided to a client of the cost of particular travel services.

PREFERRED PRODUCT AGREEMENT


A formal agreement entered into by an agency in which it guarantees to ‘push’ a particular principal’s products more
aggressively than its competitors. In return the agency is paid a high rate of commission for its sale of these products.

RACK RATE
The official published rate of an accommodation property.

PACKAGE TOUR
Pre-arranged combination of travel and tourism services organised for individuals or groups.
PRODUCTS
The tangible aspects of tourism.

SERVICES
The intangible aspects of tourism, what we do for our customers.

INTERNAL FACTORS
Those factors within the control of the enterprise eg. Pricing Structure, while usually determined internally, is also influenced by
demand, supply costs and competition.

EXTERNAL FACTORS
Those factors beyond the control of the enterprise eg. Trends, Competitors, Market Needs, Seasonality, Location, Environmental
Issues, Economic Viability, Industry Regulation and Legislation, Suppliers, Availability of Skilled Staff, Government / Legislation.

TOURISM MARKETS
Inbound Tourists Visitors who main place of residence is outside of Australia.
Outbound Tourists Australian residents travelling overseas.
Domestic Tourists Australian residents travelling within Australia
Intrastate Tourists travelling within their own state.
VFR Visiting friends and relatives
TARGET MARKET
A category or group of people (customers) with similar characteristics (such as income, age, residence) and buying habits that
an organisation wants to attract.

MARKET SEGMENTS
Portion of a target market with similar traits, needs and desires.

IMPACTS ON TOURISM
- Currency movements
- Natural Disasters
- Terrorism
- Health Threats
- Wars

RESPONSIBLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT


Balancing the needs of the local communities with those of the tourists.
CULTURAL TOURISM
Tourism activities that enable tourists to engage more with other cultures and lifestyles.

CROSS CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING


Learning about and understanding other peoples cultures and lifestyles.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Achieving a balance between tourism development and the protection of natural environment for use by future generations.

ECOTOURISM
Tourism which is concerned with maintaining the natural and cultural integrity of certain tourism areas. It attempts to
link between economic development and the conservation and protection of natural areas.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
The management of waste disposal in a way that minimises harm to the environment, reduces costs to enterprises and reduces
pollution.
QUALITY ASSURANCE
The control of variations in the provision of goods and services that ensure consistency.

STANDARD OR STANDARDISATION
The setting of a minimum level of output of performance for completing a task.

ACCREDITATION
System of standardising the delivery of services and produced to met the specific quality requirements.

COST OF NOT PROVIDING QUALITY


- Increased time to performance tasks.
- Loss of Money
- Loss of Customers
- Lack of consistency

INTERNAL CUSTOMERS
Those people in our organisation with whom we interact, such as our colleagues.

EXTERNAL CUSTOMERS
Those people outside our organisation with whom we interact, including paying or potential customers or clients.
FORMAL COMMUNICATION
Structured communication, such as letters, memos, procedures etc.

INFORMAL COMMUNICATION
Information communication through unstructured means, such as that which is communicated orally.

GRAPEVINE
Informal communication channel. The information is not relative or accurate.

PERSONAL SPACE
The distance required between two people so that both feel comfortable when interacting.

GROUP
A collection of people in the workplace who are brought together because of a common link, for example similar skills.

TEAMWORK
When the members of a group collectively contribute to the achievement of goals set by the team.
CUSTOMER
A person who pays for our goods or services.

CLIENT
A person who seeks our professional advice.

GUEST
A person who visits a tourism establishment for the purpose of using its facilities and services.

FAMILIARISATION TRIP
Free trips offered by airlines or other tourism providers to travel agents to sample to products offered by those companies.

FORMAL RESEARCH
Systematic collection of data from primary and secondary sources.

INFORMAL RESEARCH
Collection of information from secondary sources.
SUGGESTIVE SELLING
Selling by suggesting alternatives and describing special features.

UPSELLING
Selling techniques that starts at the lowest priced product or service and moves up through the price and quality levels.

DOWNSELLING
Selling techniques that being by suggesting the highest priced item and works down through the price and quality levels.

PERSONAL SELLING
Oral presentation make to a customer for the purpose of selling products and services.

ADD ONS AND EXTRAS


A selling technique used to persuade a potential customer to buy additional products and services.

PROMOTIONAL TOOLS
The ways in which an organisation sells its products and services.
PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS
Printed or electronic information about the products or service of an organisation.

PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITIES
Activities undertaken by an organisation to increase exposure in the market place.

ADVERTISING
Any paid for space in the mass media for the promotion of a production service.

PUBLIC RELATIONS
Activities designed to portray the organisation in a positive light through publicity.

MOTIVATION
The forces within us that induces us to do a certain thing.

EXTRINSIC MOTIVATORS
Pay, bonuses, job security, employment fringe benefits, pleasant working conditions

INSTRINSIC MOTIVATORS
Job satisfaction, customer compliments, praise from our supervisors.