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Tutorial 3: A student wishes to study Factors that cause students of Year 5 Awana to be sleepy during teaching and learning.

What research design can be used? Using a flow chart, discuss the procedures needed to conduct a research.

Putting Steps Together!


Identify a problem and ask a question.

Create an action plan.


Enact the plan. Study the plan in action (collect data/evidence). Report results and get feedback.

Modify the plan.


Try it again; study it again.

1.Identify a problem and ask a question


You might now be asking yourself: What cause them to be Where do I start? sleepy You begin with this question: What is my concern in my practice?" It should be a concern that affects your teaching and the learning of your students. It should be a concern that YOU can do something about.
5 Awanas Teacher: My students are sleepy during my lesson.

Next, create an Action Research question by examining the problem statement for its relationship specific teaching and learning practices. The question should be specific and result in an observable problem solving action. You should be able to link the question to specific teaching practices.

The question should: be a higher-order questionnot a yes/no be stated in common language, avoiding jargon be concise be meaningful not already have an answer (Ferrance, 2000)
5 Awanas Teacher: What are the factors that cause students of Year 5 Awana to be sleepy during teaching and learning?

2. Create an action plan


After identifying a research concern, gathering additional information, and refining the focus of the research, the plan of action needs to be developed and implemented.
Year 5 Awana Class The action plan involves : specification of the participants strategies available resources evaluation procedures and timeline

Using your clarified question and research concern, your action plan should answer these questions: Where will the research take place? Who will participate in the research? What will happen with the participants? How will the research be conducted, and What will be the specific sequence of actions? When will the research be conducted, and How might it unfold or change over time?

3. Enact the Plan and Collect Data


You need to think about data collection strategies and see that they are in place before you enact your plan. Determine the types of data that need to be collected to lead to meaningful, accurate, and appropriate conclusions regarding your research question.

Are they(5A) sleepy Collaboration, talking with other in your too? What teachers or asking them about the did you do to counter this problem? students behaviour and responds in classroom. Design specific tasks for students Include hands on tasks that will show changes in their in practice and production stage. attitude. Observe. Interview selected students. Choose some students who are doing well (concentrate in classroom)and some who are not(sleepy) to interview in a group or alone. A set of questionnaire.

Time 11.30 12.30

What the teacher saw in 5 Awana

What she thought

Students began to lose After 45 minutes, the interest and no longer students began to yawn focussing to her and putting their heads lecture. Switch (TTT) on the table to Student Talking Time.

Example of Teachers Interview Questions 1. How does a teacher know when a student is and not participating in class? 2. When other students in class are not concentrating on your lesson, how does their behavior affect you as a teacher? 3. Do you think that completing your homework the night before affects a students ability to participate in class? Why or why not?

Example of Questionnaire

4. Report Results and Get Feedback


What did you find out? Try to be as descriptive as possible here. Tell a story. Determine who you will tell it to and how. Take some pictures. There are many questions to ask yourself as you prepare your report:

Questions to Ponder
While you were implementing your action plan, what challenges/constraints did you face and how did you overcome them? What were your expectations/ objectives for your Action Research project? Were they achieved? Explain. Did your research question change during the project? Explain. Did you complete your action plan according to the timeline, or did you have to modify it? Explain. What did you see yourself doing when you actually gave the assignments? What did the students do? What were the results on the assignment like? What did you find out related to your original question?

Analyze data and report the results. Document change in student attitudes, determine reasons for students attitudes from interviews, observation and compare.

Reflecting, reporting, and sharing will help you to clarify the issue and decide what your next step is going to be. You can express your reflections and consider your future practices in your classroom.

Example from Hollingsworth (2005)


Problem: The teacher had difficulty getting students engaged in classroom discussion. Research Question and Plan: Would changing the seating arrangement encourage more students to participate in discussions? He moved students out of single row, front-facing arrangement into a large circle with the teacher as part of the circle for discussion. To get discussions going, he had to use 8 to10 stimulus questions. He hypothesized that, with greater participation, fewer questions would be needed. Data Collection: The teacher kept notes on the students participation and the number of questions. Results: When he reviewed his data, he found he only needed to use three of the stimulus questions to start the 20-minute discussion period. He kept that arrangement for discussions.