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PERSONALITY AND

VALUES
CHAP # 4
PRESENTED TO:
MR. SHAHKOOR

PRESENTED BY:
MUHAMMAD UMAIR 081157
FAHAD NAEEM 08
WHT IS PERSONALITY ?

• A brief definition would be that personality


is made up of the characteristic set of
thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a
person unique. In addition to this,
personality arises from within the individual
and remains fairly consistent throughout life.
Personlaity determinants.
• A person’s personlaity is the result of
environmental and inheritance
factors.But research in personality
development better supports
inheritence factor.
Personality
Personality
Determinants
Determinants
• •Heredity
Heredity
• •Environment
Environment
• •Situation
Situation
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
A personality test that taps four characteristics and
classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types.

Personality
PersonalityTypes
Types
• •Extroverted
Extrovertedvs.
vs.Introverted
Introverted(E (EororI)I)
• •Sensing
Sensingvs.
vs.Intuitive
Intuitive(S(SororN)
N)
• •Thinking
Thinkingvs.
vs.Feeling
Feeling(T(TororF)
F)
• •Judging
Judgingvs.
vs.Perceiving
Perceiving(P(PororJ)J)
The Big Five Personality Modle.

• Extraversion (sometimes called Surgency).

Its broad dimension includes talkative, energetic, and


assertive.
• Agreeableness
Includes traits like sympathetic, kind, and
affectionate.
Count,

• Conscientiousness
Includes traits like organized, thorough, and planful.
• Neuroticism (sometimes reversed and called Emotional Stability).
Includes traits like tense, moody, and anxious .
• Openness to Experience (sometimes called Intellect or
Intellect/Imagination).

Includes traits like having wide interests, and being


imaginative and insightful.
Modle Of How Big Five Traits
Influence OB Criteria
• Big Five Trait Why It Is Relevant? What Dose It Effect? .
• Emotional stability Less negative Thinking & fewer higher job & satisfaction
Negative emotion. Lower stress

• Extraversion better interpersonal skill higher job & satisfaction


Greater social dominance enhanced leadership
More emotionally express higher performance

• Openness increased learning higher performance


More creative enhanced leadership
More flexible more adoptable to change
• Agreeableness better liked higher performance
More complaint and confirming lower level of deviant behavior

• Conscientiousness greater effort & persistence higher performance


More drive and discipline enhanced leadership
Better organized planning greater longevity
Type Of Personality.
They are two type of personality
• ‘A’ type personality
• ‘B’ type personality

‘A’ type personality


Demand more and more in
less time they do not afford to be lazy and want to
do more then one thinks at a time they are always
moving walking and eating rapidly
Example of ‘A’ Type personality.

In the North American Culture they have


obtained successful achievement of material
goods.

‘B’ type personality.


Exactly opposite of type A personality. They
do not bother to do many things at once in
an ever decreasing time they usually relax
without guilt
Values

Definition: Mode of conduct or end


state is personally or socially
preferable (i.e., what is right &
good)
Terminal Values
Desirable End States
Instrumental Values
The ways/means for
achieving one’s terminal
values

Value System: A hierarchy based on


a ranking of an individual’s values in
terms of their intensity
Importance Of Value
• Provide understanding of the attitudes,
motivation, and behaviors of individuals
and cultures.
• Influence our perception of the world
around us.
• Represent interpretations of “right” and
“wrong.”
• Imply that some behaviors or outcomes are
preferred over others
Type Of Value
• Terminal Values
Desirable end-states of existence; the
goals that a person would like to achieve
during his or her lifetime
• Instrumental Values
Preferable modes of behavior or means of
achieving one’s terminal values
Terminal Value
Values across Cultures: Hofstede’s Framework

• A brief definition would be that personality is


made up of the characteristic set of thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors that make a person
unique. In addition to this, personality arises
from within the individual and remains fairly
consistent throughout life.
Values across Cultures: Hofstede’s
Framework
• Power Distance
• Individualism vs. Collectivism
• Masculinity vs. Femininity
• Uncertainty Avoidance
• Long-term and Short-term orientation
Hofstede’s Framework for Assessing
Cultures
• Power Distance
The extent to which a society accepts that power in
institutions and organizations is distributed
unequally.
Low distance: relatively equal power between those
with status/wealth and those without status/wealth
High distance: extremely unequal power distribution
between those with status/wealth and those without
status/wealth
Hofstede’s Framework (cont’d)

• Individualism
The degree to which people prefer to act as individuals rather
than a member of groups.
• VS

Individualism
The degree to which people prefer
to act as individuals rather than a
member of groups.
Organizational Culture Profile (OCP)

• Useful for determining person-organization fit


• Survey that forces choices/rankings of one’s
personal values
• Helpful for identifying most important values to
look for in an organization (in efforts to create a
good fit)
THANX