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ACS105

LANGUAGE LEADER / PRE-INTERMEDIATE

UNIT 5: NATURAL WORLD

5.1 ISLANDS

Vocabulary

island(n): a piece of la nd completely surround ed by water

5.1 ISLANDS

Vocabulary

beach (n): an area of sand or small sto nes near the sea We spent the day on the beach. a beach caf a beach towel

5.1 ISLANDS

Vocabulary

coast- (n): the land next to or close to the sea the west coast of Africa

5.1 ISLANDS

Vocabulary

cliff- (n): a high area of rock with a very steep side, often on a coast

Keep away from the edge of the cliff you might fall

5.1 ISLANDS

Vocabulary

lagoon (n): an area of sea water se parated from the sea by a reef

ldeniz has the best lagoon in Turkey.

5.1 ISLANDS

Vocabulary

Hill(n): an area of land that is higher than the surrounding land:

Hills are not as high as mountains. Their house is on the top of a hill.

5.1 ISLANDS
Wave (n): a raised line of water that moves across the surface of the sea:

Vocabulary

At night, I listened to the sound of the waves.

5.1 ISLANDS

Look at the photos on pages 40 and 41 1a. How many of these things can you see?4 Where do you think these places are? Have you ever visited an island? What do you think of when you think of an island?

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

Shallow (adj): having only a short distance from the top to the bottom, not deep. Shallow water

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

Shade (n): different types of one color Shades of blue

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

transparent(adj): clear and easy to see through

transparent plastic boat

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

Calm (adj): a calm sea does not have many waves

Calm lake

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

impressive(adj): very good, very big/ important There are some very impressive buildings in the town.

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

mysterious (adj): strange and difficult to explain or understand He died in mysterious circumstances, and there is still a possibility that it was murder.

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

pleasant(adj): enjoyable, nice or friendly pleasant climate/smile/per son a pleasant day/surprise

5.1 ISLANDS- reading

Vocabulary

wild (adj): refers to plants or animals that live or grow independe ntly of people, in natural conditions wild flowers/grasses Wild beasts

5.1 ISLANDS

Read the text and do the exercises 2a and 2b

Listen

to the TV programme and do the exercises 3a, 3b and 3c

GRAMMAR- comparatives and superlatives

GRAMMAR- comparatives and superlatives

Now do the activities on you course book.

5.2 INVASION

5.2 INVASION
invade (v): to enter a place in large numbers, usually when unwanted and in order to take possession or do damage demonstrators invaded the Presidential Palace

invasion (n): an occasion when a large number of people or things come to a place in an annoying and unwanted way: the annual invasion of foreign tourists

invader (n): a person who invades The foreign invaders were finally defeated by allied forces.

5.2 INVASION

Environment(n): the air, water, and land in or on which people, animals, and plants live Protect the environment!

5.2 INVASION

Cute(adj): pretty or attractive He's got a really cute baby brother.

5.2 INVASION

Extinct (adj): a plant or animal that is extinct no longer exists There is concern that the giant panda will soo n become extinct.

5.2 INVASION

Neighbourhood (n): an area of a town, and the people who live in there They live in a friendly neighbourhoo d.

5.2 INVASION

Species(n): a group of plants or animals of the same kind Over a hundred species of insect are fou nd in this area.

5.2 INVASION

pollution(n): damage caused to air, water, soil etc. by harmful chemicals and waste

air/water pollution

5.2 INVASION

Look at the photos on pages 42 and 43, which of the animals in exercise 1a can you see? Which of these animals live in Turkey? Which are cute? Are these dangereous? Are any of these nearly extinct?

5.2 INVASION

Read the article on page 43 Do the exercises 2a, 2b, 3

5.2 INVASION

Nouns and verbs Some words are both nouns and verbs. Look at the examples: Grey squirrels dont damage the economy. Apple snails cause a lot of damage in Asia. Do the activity 5b

5.2 INVASION

Grammar- expressions of quality

A lot of Few Little Many much

Find examples in the text and tell how we use these.

5.2 INVASION

5.2 INVASION

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Charity(n): an organisation that gives money or things to help to people or animals that are poor, sick or need protection

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Donate(v): to give sth, especially money to people or an organisation An anonymous businessw oman donated one million dollars to the charit y.

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Volunteer(v): to offer to do sth without being told Volunteer(n): ?

During the emergency many staff voluntee red to work through the weekend.

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Rescue(v): save sb or sth from harm or danger Rescue (n): ?

the lifeboat rescued the sailors from the sinkin g boat.

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Vet (n): short form of veterinary surgeon, sb who gives medical treatment to animals

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Sanctuary(n): a peaceful place that is safe and provides protection

a wildlife/bird sanctuary

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Captivity(n): when a person or animal is in prison/ cage and not allowed to leave

The animals were released after 865 days in captivity

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Awful(Adj): very bad or unpleasant The soup smelled awful

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Look at the website on page 45, what kind of organisation is it for? Do the exercises 1a and 1b on page 44.

5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online

Listen to the converstaion and do the exercises 2, 3a, 3b, 4a and 4b.

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay

Are there any volcanoes in Turkey? Are they famous? Have you ever been up a volcano? If not would you like to go up a volcano? Do you know these words? Active, Dormant, Erupt, Eruption, cone

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay

Active (adj): able to explode at any time

Etna volcano in Italy is active.

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay

Dormant (Adj): not active but able to be active at a later time

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay


Erupt (v): to explode with smoke, fire and rocks coming out of it Eruption (n): the time when a volcano becomes active and explodes.

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay

Cone (n): a hollow or solid object with a round base, sloping sides and a point at the top.

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay

Read the essay and choose the best title on page 47.

Compare the essay with the one on page 117. which is easy to understand? Why?

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay

An esssay has 3 main parts

I. Introduction II. Main Body III. Summary and Conclusion


Which paragraphs of the essay on page 47 are introduction, main body and conclusion?

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay


Introduction: give general information about the topic State your aim Main body: Paragraph 1: give details about one of the subtopics Paragraph 2: give details about the other sobtopic Conclusion: summarize the main points (make comparision between the two sub topics) and state your final opinion.

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay


Linkers Look at exercise 9a on page 47 Notice the differences between In contrast, but ,and whereas.

9b. Write sentences similiar to the ones in ex. 9a.

Mountain Everest is 8848 m high. In contrast, Ben Nevis is1343 m high. Mountain Everest is 8848 m high but Ben Nevis is1343 m high. Mountain Everest is 8848 m high, whereas Ben Nevis is1343 m high. North Sea is 310 m deep but Pacific Ocean is 11022 m deep.

5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay