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Art Video AS


Intro to Final Cut & Setting Up a


 Final Cut Pro is a professional non-linear editing, non-

destructive software application developed by Apple Inc. The
application is only available for Mac OS X version 10.4 or later,
and is a module of the Final Cut Studio product. The software
logs and captures video onto a hard drive (internal or external),
where it can be edited and processed.
 From the early 2000s, Final Cut Pro developed a large and
expanding user base including many independent filmmakers. It
has made inroads with film and television editors who
traditionally use Avid Technology's Media Composer. According
to a 2007 SCRI study, Final Cut made up 49% of the
professional editing market, with Avid at 22%. This has been a
function of a hugely expanding professional editing marketplace
rather than a large reduction in installed Avid users.
Setting up your
 You will need a camera, docking station and
firewire cable. Place the camera on the
docking station and connect your firewire to it
and the computer. Small end in the docking
station – large end in the back of the Mac
 The symbol will look like this.
 Turn your camera and the Mac on – the
camera needs to be set to playback mode –
you should see play, stop controls etc. Click
on the Final Cut symbol in the dock at the
bottom of the screen.
 The symbol will look like this
Saving and Scratch Discs
 You will need to set your Scratch Disk settings (Where the
computer saves all your files) and the default setting of your
 Set all your scratch disks to a folder that you will create and
name in your documents. Call the main folder Art Video AS
 We will be working in Pal DV anamorphic (widescreen) You can
check this setting in Project settings
 You now need to save your project. File – Save Project as – go
to your documents – Art Video AS 2008 - Within this folder make
a folder with your name in full. Within this folder create a folder
named Term 1. Within this folder create a folder called WEEK 5
– Editing Tutorial 1.
 The Final Cut interface has four main
 the Browser, where source media files are listed;
 the Viewer, where individual media files can be
previewed and trimmed;
 the Timeline, where media can be cut together
into a sequence;
 The Canvas, where the edited production in the
timeline can be viewed.
 The positions and sizes of these windows can be changed, but
by default, the Browser is at the top left, with the Viewer and
Canvas to its right, in that order, and the Timeline below. There
is also a small Toolbox window and two audio level indicators
for the left and right audio channels.
 Both the Viewer and Canvas have a shuttle interface (for
variable-speed scanning through a clip, forwards or backwards)
and a jogging interface (for frame-by-frame advancing).
 The standard J, K and L keys can be used to play the video at
full speed backwards, to pause the video, and to play it at full
speed in a forward direction, respectively.
 The I and O keys can be used to set in and out points for a
clip, or for the entire sequence.
The Browser
 The browser (Top Left) contains all of the files that are
both logged and captured from the camera or imported
(File-import such as video files or sound files). These are
saved in folders called bins. The name of the folder can
be changed – we will call ours week 5 Editing Tutorial.
The browser also has an 'effects' tab in which. Video
transitions and filters can be browsed and dragged onto
or between clips.
The Browser
The Canvass
 The canvas is a mini screen that contains the contents of
the film clips that you place on the Timeline below. To
add clips to the Timeline, besides dragging them there, it
is possible to drag clips from the Browser or Viewer onto
the Canvas. Using the wireframe view on the canvas, the
clip can be manipulated directly - dragging it around in
the canvas to change its position, for example, or
resizing it. Precise adjustment controls for these things
are in the viewer.
The Canvass
The Viewer
 The viewer is to the right of the canvas and is another mini
screen in which clips can be previewed before being placed on
the timeline and edited.
 The viewer also has tabs for each channel of the selected clip's
audio, in which the waveform for the audio can be viewed and
scrubbed, and where its volume can be key framed.
 The filters tab is where effects for the clip appear and where
their parameters can be adjusted and key framed.
 Finally, the viewer's motion tab contains tools to adjust the scale,
opacity, cropping, rotation, distortion, drop shadow, motion blur
and time remapping properties of the clip.
 Mini-timelines to the right of each parameter allow the property to
be key framed.
The Viewer
 Clips can be edited together in the timeline. Within the timeline
there are sequences in which your film clips are arranged and
edited. You will need to name your sequence so that it is
recognisable. After you have named it you will notice that a file in
the browser is called the same name. This is your sequence file.
 The timeline in Final Cut Pro allows 99 video tracks to be layered
on top of each other. If a clip is higher in the timeline than
another, then it obscures whatever is below it. The size of a
video clip can be altered, and the clips can be cropped, among
many other settings that can be changed.

 Before doing anything else you will need to move

your video files from your DV tape to the computers
Hard Drive. To do this we will need to use a set up
in Final Cut called Log and Capture.
 You can access this function through pressing Apple
-8 or through the menu. Make sure your camera is
attached via firewire and that it is switched to tape
play back.
 We will be using Batch Capture as it saves Hard
Drive space by only capturing good clips and
organizes and arranges your clips for you.
 By pressing log and capture you will have brought
up a new window with a viewer. (See Below)
 In the top right of the log and capture screen name your reel
(The name of your project/film)
 Now that the tape has rewound find the first section of film that
you want to capture. You can use the play, stop and rewind
functions to do this or J, K and L on the keyboard. Space bar
also plays and stops the film.
 When you have found the clip you want, go back to the
beginning of the clip and click on mark in (Bottom of viewer
screen to the left of VTR OK)
 Press play (space bar) and stop (space bar) when you get to the
end of the first clip then press mark out (to the right of the VTR
 Now click on log clip. You have now created a reference point to
that clip.
 Give the clip a related name and description if you wish.
Log and Capture
 Repeat these three steps until you have logged everything you
 In the browser window (The left side of the screen) you will see
the files that you have logged. They will have a red line through
them. (This is because they haven’t been captured yet).You can
delete any clips that were logged by mistake.
 Go back to the log and capture window. Click on the batch button
in the bottom right of the window. Your tape will now
automatically rewind and capture your clips.
 When it has finished you will notice the red lines have gone from
your files in the browser window. Your clips are now stored on
the Hard Drive of the computer ready for editing.