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CLEAR AND EFFECTIVE WRITING

Think first then write Brainstorm Gather materials Research for references Decide and finalize the TOPIC

Identify the main idea and focus with it. Support with details that has connection with the main idea. Tell what you need to say.

Get to the Point

Persian, Siamese, Bengal, Maine Coon, Japanese Bobtail Cat is...playful, intelligent, independent, required attention, very healthy....

Get to the Point

Use Familiar Words


Remember: unless they understand, you have accomplished nothing. Use words your audience have in their mind/head.

That is a supercalifragilidocious idea! The idea is _____. We are the workers; we are the mobs. We are the ____.

Use Familiar Words

I cannot follow the gobbledygook lecture. The lecture is ____. Is the lecture not going to end? I am peckish! I am ____.

Use Familiar Words

Omit Verbal Deadwoods

Drop unnecessary words from phrases or sentences.

Omit Verbal Deadwoods Every word should tell. There is no reason to call a spade a long-handled instrument for turning earth in a garden.

Omit Verbal Deadwoods Chop out the verbal deadwood. For the reason that b___________

Omit Verbal Deadwoods tendered his resignation r________ told his listeners s____ in the immediate vicinity n_____

Omit Verbal Deadwoods at the present time n___ affixed his signature s______ held a conference m__

Keep your sentences short She comes. She is coming. She is returning from a long journey.

Keep your sentences short make the reader absorbs the idea faster. The longer the sentence, the more words.

Keep your sentences short Very Easy - 8 or less Easy - 11 words Fairly Easy - 14 or less words

Keep your sentences short


Standard - 17 words Fairly Difficult - 21 words Difficult - 25 words Very difficult - 29 or more words

Shorten your paragraphs


Short paragraphs act as a brake on the writer. . Once you lose a reader, you rarely get him back. It signals the reader that a new step.

Shorten your paragraphs


Begin each paragraph with a sentence that suggests the topic or transition sentence. Each paragraph should complete a single thought.

Shorten your paragraphs


After the paragraph has been written, see whether you can break it into two.

Use specific concrete language


Using your senses describe a: Datu Puti vinegar mint 20 pesos

Use specific concrete language


Use lots of concrete, specific words that stand for things you and your reader can see, hear, taste, touch, and smell.

Use specific concrete language


Concrete nouns help focus your readers attention. A word that you can imagine.

Use specific concrete language


Always prefer the specific to the general, the definite to the vague, the concrete to the abstract.

Use specific concrete language


Vague Words Tragedy (fire, explosion, drowning?) Accident (collision, slip, fall from bldg?)

Use specific concrete language


Vague Words Organization (Jaycees, Lions, Rotary?) Ceremony (wedding, Mass, award?)

Use specific concrete language


Vague Words Legal Action (damage suits, criminal cases?) Document (deed of sale, certificate?)

Use specific concrete language


Vague Words Monetary Consideration (salary, bribe?) Community (town, barrio, city?)

Use specific concrete language


Vague Words Monetary Consideration (salary, bribe?) Community (town, barrio, city?)

Prefer the Simple to the Complex

atrocious or t_rr_bl_? brickbat or _ns_lt? benevolent or g_ _d? camaraderie or fr _ _nd?

Prefer the Simple to the Complex Prefer the simple word to the complicated word, simple sentence to the complex sentence, and simple paragraph to the involved one.

Be positive

Make definite assertions. Often this is best done by following the natural order of thought: subject, verb, object.

Be positive
Avoid being late in English 7 class. Always be punctual.

Use the Active Voice

The cat scratched my feet. My feet was scratched by the cat.

Use the Active Voice

I will buy a F______ l watch . (pre-historic) The teacher prepares a long a_______t. (homework)

Use the Active Voice

You need a new e_____s. (I see you.) They helped the b____r. (poor people)

Use the Active Voice

My mom cooks hot C ____e.(rice with water) I mentioned it in my a_____a. (list of plan)

Write as you talk.


pretentious words: subsequent to instead of after utilization instead of use optimum instead of best

Use adjectives sparingly

Dont use any - if possible. He is a good dancer. The dancer impressed us.

Revise and sharpen


Edit your own work. My uncle were a wonderful woman. She were kind and acomodating.

Revise and sharpen


In spite of everything, i still belief that people is really good at heart.

Revise and sharpen


You has to work in order to survives and to gets what you desires this things will not came to you on theyre own.

Its not my fault if I am the smartest, brightest, superior, most brilliant student in this class.

Write to express and not to impress

Do you like to go out with me? It is my utmost pleasure if you will grant me of your presence.

Write to express and not to impress

Use restraint
Euphemism To conceal the offending nature of the word or phrase, but still gets the meaning across.

Use restraint
Euphemism Adult entertainment P Armed intervention W Between jobs U Call of Nature U

Use restraint
Euphemism Categorical inaccuracy - L Character line - W Collateral damage C C Correctional facility - P

Use restraint
Euphemism Expecting P Freedom fighters R Full bodied O Indisposed - S

Use restraint
JARGON These are technical terms only used in a specific profession or certain organization.

Use restraint
JARGON Lesson plan / LP for teachers Debit/Credit for bankers Wer na U? for Jejemon

Use restraint
JARGON Chat words LOL ASL ;-) : - |

Use restraint
CLICH trite expressions; something obvious; unoriginal terms; boring phrases

Use restraint
CLICH It made my blood boil. It made me _____. I roll my eyes. I did it because ____.

Use restraint
CLICH She was on the spot. The teacher calls her to _____.

Use restraint
CLICH That was easy as pie. The exam is ________. That was pretty hard to swallow. The lecture is _.

Use restraint
CLICH There was a glimmer of hope in his eye. If you are courting a girl, she will say ____.

Use restraint
CLICH They couldnt see eye to eye. The father and his daughter cannot ____.

Use restraint
CLICH There was a give and take. If you love him, you should ___.

Use restraint
SLANG Colorful, lively language that is in and out of fashion. Informal language

Use restraint
SLANG Coulda, woulda, shoulda think it through! Whaddaya mean? Wanna come? Gotcha!

Use restraint
SLANG Can you catch up in our lesson? I am asking if ______.

Use restraint
SLANG Lets check out the new mall! I am asking you to ____.

Use restraint
SLANG You should cut out biting your nails. Im asking you to ____.

Use restraint
SLANG Did the president pass away? The president ____.

Use restraint
SLANG I guess we should go over with our lecture one more time. We should ______.

Use restraint
SLANG I cannot put up with her! Maybe she is _______. Too flashy outfit! Am I wearing appropriately?

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