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Recruiting

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 1

Introduction

Once an organization identifies its human resource needs through employment planning, it can begin recruiting candidates for actual or anticipated vacancies. Recruiting brings together

those with jobs to fill

and

those seeking jobs

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Recruiting Goals

recruiting provides information that will attract


a significant pool of qualified candidates and discourage unqualified ones from applying
recruiters promote the organization to prospective applicants

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 3

Recruiting Goals

Factors that affect recruiting efforts:


organizational size employment conditions in the area effectiveness of past recruiting efforts working conditions, salary, and benefits offered organizational growth or decline

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 4

Recruiting Goals

Constraints on recruiting efforts:


organizations image job attractiveness internal organizational policies government policy and laws recruiting costs

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 5

Recruiting Sources

internal searches employee referrals external searches

The Internet is blazing trails in recruiting practices


Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

online and alternative

Chapter 6, slide 6

Recruiting Sources

internal search

Organizations that promote from within identify current employees for job openings
by having individuals bid for jobs by using their HR management system by utilizing employee referrals

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 7

Recruiting Sources
Promoting from Within
Advantages
good public relations morale building encouragement of employees and members of protected groups knowledge of existing employee performance cost-savings candidates knowledge of the organization opportunity to develop mid- and top-level managers

Disadvantages
possible inferiority of internal candidates infighting and morale problems potential inbreeding
Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins
Chapter 6, slide 8

Recruiting Sources
employee referrals Current employees can be asked to recommend recruits.
Advantages: the employees motivation to make a good recommendation the availability of accurate job information for the recruit employee referrals tend to be more acceptable applicants, more likely to accept an offer, and have a higher survival rate Disadvantages: the possibility of friendship being confused with job performance the potential for nepotism the potential for adverse impact

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 9

Recruiting Sources
external searches Advertisements: Must decide type and location of ad, depending on job; decide whether to focus on job (job description) or on applicant (job specification). Three factors influence the response rate:
identification of the organization labor market conditions the degree to which specific requirements are listed. Blind box ads do not identify the organization.
Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins
Chapter 6, slide 10

Recruiting Sources
Employment Agencies:
public or state employment services focus on helping unemployed individuals with lower skill levels to find jobs private employment agencies provide more comprehensive services and are perceived to offer positions and applicants of a higher caliber management consulting firms (headhunters) research candidates for mid- and upper-level executive placement executive search firms screen potential mid/top-level candidates while keeping prospective employers anonymous

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 11

Recruiting Sources Schools, colleges, and universities:


may provide entry-level or experienced workers through their placement services may also help companies establish cooperative education assignments and internships

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 12

Recruiting Sources Job fairs:


attended by company recruiters seeking resumes and info from qualified candidates
Virtual online job fairs could bring employers and job seekers together online by logging into a specific Web site at a certain time. Some sites use avatars as candidates and recruiters.

See: http://www.inxpo.com/products/virtual-career-fairs/index.htm http://work.secondlife.com/worksolutions/meetings/ From the WSJ:


http://online.wsj.com/article/SB118229876637841321.html
Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins
Chapter 6, slide 13

Recruiting Sources

Professional organizations: publish rosters of vacancies run placement services at meetings control the supply of prospective applicants labor unions are also in this category Unsolicited applicants (walk-ins):

may provide a stockpile of prospective applicants if there are no current openings

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 14

Recruiting Sources
online sources most companies use the Internet to recruit employees job seekers use online resumes and create Web pages about their qualifications

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 15

Recruiting Sources
recruiting alternatives
Temporary help services: temporary employees help organizations meet short-term fluctuations in HRM needs older workers can also provide high-quality help Employee leasing: trained workers are employed by a leasing company, which provides them to employers when needed for a flat fee typically remain with an organization for longer periods of time Independent contractors: do specific work either on or off the companys premises costs of regular employees (i.e. taxes and benefits costs) are not incurred
Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins
Chapter 6, slide 16

A Global Perspective
For some positions, the whole world is a relevant labor market. So, HR can recruit
home-country nationals when searching for someone with extensive company experience to launch a product in a country where it has never sold before host-country nationals when a foreign subsidiary is being established and HQ wants to retain control yet hire someone with local market knowledge

candidates of any nationality, creating a truly international perspective

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins

Chapter 6, slide 17

Your Own Job Search


Job searching takes training, commitment, endurance, and support. Start searching well before you plan to start work.
Preparing Your Resume
use quality paper and easy-to-read type proofread carefully include volunteer experience use typical job description phraseology use a cover letter to highlight your greatest strengths

Use networking to gain access to an organization.


Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins
Chapter 6, slide 18

Matching
constraints on recruiting efforts recruiting sources recruiting affects recruiting efforts recruiting alternatives employment conditions in the area organizations image temp services and employee leasing

matching those with jobs to fill with those seeking jobs

internal/external searches
Chapter 6, slide 19

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, 10/e, DeCenzo/Robbins