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TEKNIK MENJAWAB MATEMATIK

SPM 2009

MOHD NAZAN BIN KAMARUL ZAMAN


SMK. KOTA KLIAS, BEAUFORT
3 x 2 −3 x
=2
1 Solve the quadratic equation x +6

3x 2 − 3x
=2 3 x 2 − 5 x − 12 = 0
x+6
( 3x + 4 ) ( x - 3 ) = 0
3 x − 3 x = 2( x + 6)
2 1 mark
3x + 4 = 0 x–3=0
3 x − 3 x = 2 x + 12
2

3x = - 4
3 x − 3 x − 2 x −12 = 0
2
4
x=− x =3
3 x 2 − 5 x − 12 = 0 1 mark
3

1 mark 1 mark
2 Calculate the value of d and of e that satisfy the following simultaneous linear
equations:

8d − 9e = 5 (i)
2d − 3e = −1 (ii)

(ii) x 4 2d(4) – 3e(4) = -1(4) 1 mark Substitute e = 3 to (i)


8d – 12e = - 4 (iii) 8d – 9(3) = 5
8d – 9e = 5 (i) 8d – 27 = 5
(iii) – (i) 0 – 3e = -9 1 mark 8d = 5 + 27
−9 8d = 32
e=
−3 32
d=
e=3 8
1 mark
d =4 1 mark
3 Diagram 1 shows a right prism. The base JKLM is a horizontal
rectangle. The right angled triangle UJK is the uniform cross section of
the prism.

9cm
M L

12cm
J 5cm K

DIAGRAM 1
Identify and calculate the angle between the plane UJL and the plane UJMT .
T

U 5cm
M L

M 12cm
L

T J

U
∠ MJL (1m)
5
tan ∠ MJL = (1m)
M L 12
J atau setara
22.61o atau 22o 37’
L (1m)

∠ MJL @
∠ LJM
4 In Diagram 2, O is the origin, point P lies on the y-axis. Straight line PR is
parallel to the x-axis and straight line PQ is parallel to straight line SR. The
equation of straight line PQ is 2y = x + 12.

y Q

P R

0 x
● S (6 , −1)

DIAGRAM 2

(a) State the equation of the straight line PR .

(b) Find the equation of the straight line SR and hence, state its x-intercept
a) P = y-intercept for PQ and PR
find the y-intercept S (6, -1) x = 6 , y = -1
2y = x + 12 , y-intercept x = 0
y = mx + c
2y = 0 + 12 1(m) y − (−1) 1 1
= − 1 = ( 6) + c
y=6 (1m) x −6 2 2
− 1= 3 + c
b) SR is parallel to straight line PQ c = − 1− 3
mSR = mPQ c=− 4
2y = x + 12
y = mx + c
x + 12
y= 1
2 y= x-4
2 1(m)
1
y= x+6
2 x-intercept, y = 0
y = mx + c 1
0= x-4 1(m)
2
1
m=
2 1(m) x=8 1(m)
5 (a) Determine whether the following sentence is a statement or non-statement.

p2 – 3p + 2 = 0

(b) Write down two implications based on the following


sentence:

x = 7 if and only if x = 49

(c) Make a general conclusion by induction for a list of numbers 8, 23, 44, 71, …
Which follows the following pattern:

8 = 3(2)2 – 4
23 = 3(3)2 – 4
44 = 3(4)2 – 4
71 = 3(5)2 – 4
6.The Venn diagram in the answer space shows sets P, Q and R such that the
universal set ξ = P∪ Q∪ R

On the diagram in the answer space, shade


a)the set Q’.
b)the set P (Q ∪R)∩
Answer:
R R
P P
Q Q

i ii iii iv v i ii iii iv v

Q = ii, iii, iv P = i, ii

Q’ = i, v Q R = ii, iii, iv , v
P ∩ (Q ∪ R) = ii
7. The inverse matrix of  2 3  1 − 3 − 3
  is  
 − 4 − 3 m n 2
a) Find the value of m and n

b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation:

2x + 3y = -4
- 4x – 3y = 2

hence, using the matrix method, calculate the value of x and y


1 d − b 1 − 3 − 3
a)  =  
ad − bc  − c a  2(−3) − 3(−4)  4 2 
1  − 3 − 3
=  
− 6 + 12  4 2 
1 − 3 − 3 1  − 3 − 3
  =  
m n 2  6 4 2 

m = 6 and n = 4
b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation:
hence, using the matrix method, calculate the value of x and y
2x + 3y = -4
- 4x – 3y = 2

 2 3   x   − 4
  = 
 −4 − 3   y   2 
A × B = C
B = A −1 C

x 1 − 3 − 3  − 4 
  =   
 y 6  4 2   2 
x  1
  =
 
 y  − 2
∴ x =1 and y = − 2
8. Diagram shows the speed- time graph of a particle for a period of 26s

Speed (m s-1 )
50
u
35

L1 L2

0 10 14 18 26 Time (s)

a) Stat the duration of time, in s, for which the particle moves with
uniform speed.
b) Calculate the rate of change of speed, in m s‾² , in the first 10 seconds
c) Calculate the value of u, if the total distance travelled for the last 12
seconds is 340 m.
a) 14 – 10 = 4 s

b) The rate of change of speed = gradient


y −y
= 2 1
x 2 − x1
50 − 35
=
0 −10
15 3
= @−
− 10 2

c) Distance = area under a graph


1 1
340 = L1 + L2 L1 = ( 35 + u ) 4 L2 = × 8× u
2 2
1 1
340 = ( 35 + u ) 4 + × 8 × u
2 2
u = 45
9. On the graph in the answer space, shade the region which satisfies the three
1
inequalities y ≤ − x + 3 , x + y ≥ 3 and y ≥ 0
2

1
y= − x + 3
2

0 x
x + y =3

y = 0 equal to x- axis
10. Diagram 9 shows two boxes , P and Q . Box P contains four cards
labeled with letters and box Q contains three cards labeled with numbers.

B E S T 4 6 7

Two cards are picked at random, a card from box P and another card from box Q .

a)List the sample space and the outcomes of the events .

b) Hence , find the probability that


(i) a card labeled with letter E and a card labelled with an even number are picked

(ii) a card lebelled with letter E or a card labelled with an even number are
picked
a) {(B, 4), (B, 6), (B, 7), (E, 4), (E, 6), (E, 7), (S, 4), (S, 6), (S, 7), (T, 4), (T, 6), (T, 7)}
Notes : 1. Accept 8 correct listings for 1 mark 2(m)
b) i) {(E, 4), (E, 6)}
2 1 1(m)
@ 1(m)
12 6

ii) {(E, 4), (E, 6), (E, 7), (B, 4), (B, 6), (S, 4), (S, 6), (T, 4), (T, 6)}
9 3 1(m)
@
12 4 1(m)
6. Diagram 3 shows a solid formed by joining a cone and cylinder.
The height from vertex V to the base of cylinder is 16 cm and
diameter of cylinder is 10cm.
By using π =22 , calculate the volume of solid.
7

16 cm

9 cm

Diagram 3
10 cm
Calculate
Answer: the volume of solid. V
V. of cone = π 1j2t
3
= π1 (5)2 (16 – 9) 16 cm
3 K1

550
= 9 cm
3
Volume of cylinder = π j2t
10 cm
= π (5)2 (9)
K1
4950
=
7

Volume of solid 550 4950


= +
3 7 K1
18700
=
21
10
= 890 cm3
21 N1
7. Diagram 4 shows a quadrant PQR and sector of a circle OYS,
both with centre O.
PXO and OYR are straight lines and ∠ YOS = 600. OP =
7cm
22
Use π = 7 , Calculate

R
a) The area of the shaded region.
2

b) The perimeter of the whole diagram.


Q Y

S
4 cm
600 Diagram 4
P
X 3 cm O
7 cm
R
Calculate
Answer: the area of shaded region.
Area of sector = Angle at centre Q Y
Area of circle 3600
Angle at centre
A. sector OPQ = × π r 2
S
3600 4 cm
= 90 0
× π (7)2 600
3600 K1
77 P Rajah 4
= X 3 cm O
2 7 cm
Angle at centre Area of shaded region
A. of sector OYS = × π r 2
3600
= 60 0
× π (4)2 = 77 + 176 – 6
3600 2 21 K1
= 176 = 40.88 cm2
21
1 N1
A. triangle OXY = × 3× 4
2
=6
R
Perimeter
Jawapan seluruh rajah
panjang lengkok = sudut pusat Q Y
lilitan bulatan 3600
sudut pusat
lengkok PQR = × 2π j S
360 0
4 cm
= 90 0
× 2π (7) K1 600
360 0
P Rajah 4
= 11 X 3 cm O
7 cm
sudut pusat
lengkok YS = × 2π j
360 0

= 60 0
× 2π (4)
360 0

= 88
21
perimeter seluruh rajah = 11 + 3 + 88 + 4 + 7 K1
21
= 29.19 cm N1