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UTILIZED AN ELECTRONIC
SOFTWARE INSTRUMENT THAT
(‘DISCOVERY’) – RECORDS
USED TO READ MEASUREMENTS OVER
INFORMATION TIME. THE READINGS
FROM SENSORS ARE THEN
TRANSFERRED TO THE
COMPUTER
TO CONVERT A
PHYSICAL
QUANTITY INTO
AN ELECTRICAL
SIGNAL.

TYPES: LIGHT,
TEMPERATURE,
SOUND, pH
HUMIDITY,
PULSE,
DISSOLVED2
OXYGEN ETC.
ENGAGE
I Can Freeze And Boil !

Do you think it’s


FREEZING here?

Can you see this


phenomenon in
Malaysia?
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Why?
ENGAGE
I Can Freeze And Boil !

Is it FREEZING here
or BOILING ?

At what temperature
does this process
happen?
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EMPOWER
Planning and Doing Your
Experiment
Part 1: The freezing point of water

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EMPOWER
Results
Part 1: The freezing point of water

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EMPOWER
Results
Part 1: The freezing point of water

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EMPOWER
Discussion
Part 1: The freezing point of water

Questions
1. What do you observe when the water freezes?
2. Look at your graph, what is the freezing point of

water?
3. What happened to the water temperature during
freezing?
4. How are the ‘concepts’ of melting point and
freezing point related?
5. How are these two concepts different?
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EMPOWER
Planning and Doing Your
Experiment
Part 2: The boiling point of water

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EMPOWER
Result
Part 2: The boiling point of water

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EMPOWER
Result
Part 2: The boiling point of water

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EMPOWER
Discussion
Part 2: The boiling point of water

Questions
1. What do you observe when the water boils?
2.How long should you boil the water?
3.Why is the temperature keep on rising?
4.Look at your graph, what is the boiling point of water?
5.What is the physical form of water when it is boiling?

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ENHANCE

Pressure cooker reduce the


cooking time and save nutrients.
Explain.

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ENGAGE
Its bigger but lighter !

What ingredients do you need to make a bun?


What makes the dough expand and becomes
bigger?
Is there any gas released during the process?
Does the dough becomes hotter?
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EMPOWER
Planning And Doing Your
Experiment
End Product Of Fermentation

Sensors:
pH &
temperature

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EMPOWER
Planning And Doing Your
Experiment
End Product Of Fermentation

Data Logger
Temperature

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EMPOWER
Result
End Product Of Fermentation

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EMPOWER
Result
End Product Of Fermentation

Temperature

pH

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EMPOWER
Discussion
End Product Of Fermentation

Questions
1. Which graph is which?
2. What does the graph tell you about the change in

pH during fermentation?
3. Why does the pH change?
4. What does the graph tell you about the change in
carbon dioxide level during fermentation?
5. Why does the carbon dioxide level change?
6. How do the graphs change with respect to each
other? Is there a pattern here?
7. What is the end product of this experiment? 19
State the equation of yeast fermentation.
ENHANCE
End Product Of Fermentation

Discuss the importance of fermentation

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EXTENSION
End Product Of Fermentation

Find out the new technique in fermentation by


using biotechnology in food industrial.

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ENGAGE
The Bouncing Sound

You are moving into a


new house. What will
happen if you scream in
the room of the house?

Does the same


phenomena happen if you
scream in this room?
Why?
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EMPOWER
Planning And Doing Your
Experiment
The Reflection and Absorption of Sound

Insert
the sound
sensor here
Ticking alarm clock

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EMPOWER
Planning And Doing Your
Experiment
The Reflection and Absorption of Sound

Wood Glass

Sponge Metal 24
EMPOWER
Discussion
The Reflection and Absorption of Sound

Questions

1. Study the results that you obtained.


a. What type of surfaces is good reflector
of sound?
b. What type of surfaces is good absorber
of sound?
2. You can hear the ticking sound of the clock
at the other end of the tube. Why does
this happen? 25
ENHANCE

The echoes in the studio can be reduced


because the sound is absorbed by soft
and rough surfaces. Name the objects in
this studio that can absorb the sound.
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EXTENSION
The Bouncing Sound

Bats produce high-pitched beeps or clicks and


listen for the echoes of these sounds as they are
reflected off by objects. How can bat measure
the distance of and object? Plan and carry out
and experiment to find out. Students may use
different distances of tube containing the sound
source (use varies distance of tube A) and record 27
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