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Presented by:

Mohammad Towhidul Islam Mahfuzur Rahman

An expatriate (sometimes shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than that of the person's upbringing for the purpose of working. Expatriates can be skilled or semi-skilled or even unskilled workers. About 90% of the migration takes place in the Middle East and Malaysia. Libya, Qatar Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Malaysia and Singapore are some of the major countries

Voluntary migration to the industrialized west includes permanent residents, immigrants, work permit holders and professionals. Migration to Middle East and South East Asia are usually for short term and that migrants return home after finishing their contracts of employment in the host countries

Professional - Doctors, engineers, nurses and teachers Skilled - Manufacturing or garments workers Semi-skilled - tailor, mason Unskilled - housemaid, cleaner, laborers are classified as less-skilled.


No. of Labor Migration

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

254190 272958 252702 381516 832609 875055 475278 300702 568062 575389


Remittance (in billion USD)

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

3.18 3.56 4.25 5.48 6.57 9.01 10.72 11.00 12.17 12.87 15.09

Maintain balance of payment and to enrich foreign currency reserve. Contribution to ease foreign exchange limitation, stabilizing the exchange rate and allowing Bangladesh to import much needed raw materials, intermediate goods and capital equipment. Impacts on poverty reduction and development in Bangladesh

Reduces the unemployment problem Enhance the economic condition Helps reducing the frustration among the man and women at young age, social problems, etc.

Develops the capability of investment for selfemployment and entrepreneurship

Enhances the financial capability and purchasing power

29 percent of the countrys remittance is used for investment purposes

Food accounted for about 37 percent of 29 Percent House Construction and repair 12 percent of 29 Percent Social and Religious Ceremonies 8 percent of 29 Percent

Free flow of Proper information about job opportunities in the overseas countries Set up Tainting Center Set up Language School Easy processing of migration related activities Reasonable costing Ensure quality service from Embassy Create more favorable channel to flow remittance

Thank You