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Learning about Adverbs

Aim(Learning objective)
To identify and use adverbs

within sentences correctly

What we are going to learn?


The Meaning of Adverbs
The Use of Adverbs

The Comparison of Adverbs


The Correct Use of Adverbs

Adverb Challenge

Do you know the Adverb?


We left France on Wednesday and yesterday we started our Italian trip. At first my parents intended to spend all the time in Rome. However, they then decided to visit Naples and the surrounding area first and go to Rome after that. Earlier today, we went to see the remains at Pompeii and Herculaneum. They were buried when the volcano Mount Vesuvius all of a sudden erupted in 79 AD. I was in a state of excitement all that night. I was extremely anxious to see such famous remains.

The Meaning of Adverbs and functions


Adverbs usually express a relation of place, time, manner, number or degree with the verb. When adverbs answer the question 'WHERE?' they express a relation of PLACE; here, there, inside, outside, everywhere, southward When adverbs answer the question 'WHEN?' they express a relation of TIME; after, before, since, already, soon, then, now When adverbs answer the question 'HOW?' they express a relation of MANNER; hard, easily, loudly, quickly, silently, happily, sadly

The Meaning of Adverbs and functions


When adverbs answer the question 'HOW OFTEN?'

they express a relation of NUMBER; always, never, seldom, frequently, once, twice, often When adverbs answer the question 'TO WHAT EXTENT?' they express a relation of DEGREE; almost, also, only, very, enough, rather, too Adverbs may also express AFFIRMATION or DENIAL yes, no, not, certainly, probably, perhaps All QUESTION words are also adverbs. how, why, where, when

The Meaning of Adverbs and functions


Eventually! The adverbs function: The adverb

modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb and sentence.

Ex. The band marched quickly to the music. (The adverb quickly modifies the verb marched) Ex. The band played very popular songs.

(The adverb very modifies the adjective popular) Ex. I hit him right on his nose. (The adverb right modifies the preposition on) Ex. They lived nearly on the top of the hill. (The adverb nearly modifies phrase on the top of the hill.)

The Meaning of Adverbs and functions


Ex. Fortunately, I remembered in time who he was. (The adverb fortunately modifies sentence Adverb and Adverbial Adverbial = a word or group of words function as an adverb. Ex.- He will come soon. (adverb) He will come in a few days. (adverbial) He will come after he finished his work.(adverbial)
They are three places in the sentences where an

adverb can go. They are called front, mid and end position adverb.

The Position of Adverbs


After verb when it modified verb:

- The old woman walks slowly.


Before adjective when it modified adjective:

- Sam is very strong.


Before adverb when it modified adverb: - The train is very fast. Before sentence when it modified sentence: - Fortunately, the weather stayed fine. - We probably wont get there in time.

Forms of Adverbs
1. Adverb of Manner is usually add with ly quick = quickly careful = carefully noisy = noisily full = fully 2. Adverb has the same with Adjective: fast, hard, straight, low, long, enough 3. Adjective with ly manly, cowardly, brotherly, silly, lively, lovely, elderly,

Adverb Challenge
Here are the four adverbs categories; time, place
manner and degree: yesterday really lazily there soon over carefully daily nervously scarcely hurriedly forward here very everywhere almost tomorrow hardly before brilliantly

Adverb Challenge
Time
(answers when)

Place
(answers where)

Manner
(answers how)

Degree
(answers to what extent

yesterday over hurriedly tomorrow there brilliantly soon everywhere carefully before here lazily daily forward nervously scarcely

almost very hardly really

See you again next chapter