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WinLink1000 Training

WINLINK 1000 Technical Overview

WinLink 1000
Point-to-Point fixed broadband link Solutions in various freq. bands: 2.x, 4.9-6.02 GHz Patented Air Interface Carrier-class TDM and high quality Ethernet Reliable performance in interference-ridden bands ACS (Automatic Channel Selection) Long range (up to 80Km); High capacity (48 Mbps) OFDM based air-interface, enabling N-LOS deployments Secured and encrypted traffic

Services: Interfaces: 0,1,2,4 x E1/T1 + 1,2 x Fast Ethernet Ethernet latency < 3msec TDM latency < 8msec

Ethernet Services
1 or 2 Ethernet interfaces 10/100BaseT with auto-negotiation (IEEE 802.3) Layer 2 Ethernet bridge Self-learning of up to 2047 MAC addresses (IEEE 802.1Q) Support of 1+1 applications (HUB/Bridge selectable mode) Up to 18Mbps symmetrical net throughput VLAN transparent Latency < 3msec Retry mechanism for loss-less connection (Fast ARQ)

TDM (E1/T1) Services

1 to 4 E1/T1 interfaces in the indoor units Standard E1/T1, compliant with ITU-T standards Unframed E1/T1 BER < 1x10-11 @ sensitivity threshold Accurate clock recovery mechanism (<50 PPB) One way delay < 8msec Advanced clock configurations Configurable jitter buffer

WinLink 1000 Solution Architecture

Radio link






View - ODU

Front View

Back View

System Components: Outdoor Unit

Two configurations for the Outdoor Unit (ODU): ODU with an integrated 1 ft flat antenna ODU for connecting an external antenna ODU and IDU interface via CAT5 cable ODU is environmentally hardened Operating temp.: -35C - 60C / -31F - 140F Complies with IP67 Dimensions: With integrated antenna: 30.5cm x 30.5cm x 5.8cm; Weight: 1.5kg/3.3lb Without antenna: 24.5cm x 13.5cm x 4cm; Weight: 1kg/2.2lb

WinLink 1000- ACCESS

Point-to-Point fixed broadband link Solutions in various freq. bands: 2.3, 2.4, 5.8 GHz Range up to 20Km Ethernet throughput 2Mbps full duplex Channel BW 5MHz OFDM based air-interface, enabling N-LOS deployments Secured and encrypted traffic

Services: Interfaces: Ethernet only

ODU-HE Products
Supporting Supporting Supporting Supporting HSS High Tx Power for improved distance, where regulation allows operation with IDU or with PoE device Wider Frequency Range where regulation allows

WinLinkTM 1000 Radios

Radio Model

Throughput Full Duplex 18Mbps 2Mbps 18Mbps 18Mbps

Supported Services

Range (Km)


WinLink 1000 WinLink 1000 Access WinLink 1000 HE WinLink 1000 HE CMB

Ethernet + TDM Ethernet only Ethernet + TDM Ethernet + TDM

80 20 80 80

No No Yes Yes

Product Spec IDU-C

TDM Interface
Number of Ports Type Timing Impedance Jitter & Wander

4 or 0 E1/T1 SW configurable; Unframed (transparent) MC, Independent timing per port, Tx and Rx E1: 120, balanced T1: 100, balanced According to ITU-T G.823, G.824

Ethernet Interface
Ethernet ports SFP port 2 Supported in IDU (type FE)

Monitored Hot Standby (MHS) Power: redundant 110/220VAC, 50/60Hz, 20-60 VDC Dimensions: 19/1U External alarms (dry contacts)

Product Spec IDU-E

TDM Interface
Number of Ports Type Timing Impedance Jitter & Wander

0, 1, 2 E1 or T1; Unframed (transparent) One master clock in system E1: 120, balanced T1: 100, balanced According to ITU-T G.823, G.824

Ethernet Interface
Ethernet ports 1

Power: 110/220VAC, 50/60Hz, 20-60 VDC Dimensions: half 19/1U

2 E1/T1 2 Ethernet ports 4 input and 4 output dry contact alarms Remote power failure indications Wide DC input range 20 60 VDC

Name Input 1 Input 2 Input 3 Input 4 Output 1 Output 2 Output 3 Output 4

Description User configurable External Alarm User configurable External Alarm User configurable External Alarm User configurable External Alarm Air Link Alarm Equipment Alarm Service Alarm remote end Link Loss due to Power Fail

System Components: PoE Units

LAN Interface Number of Ports Power Feeding Operating Temperature Humidity PoE Device 1 AC/DC, 47-63 Hz 0C to +40C Up to 95% non-condensing

PoE Device

PoE 8
Indoor unit for collocated Ethernet applications. 8 Ethernet ports, 8 decoupled ports of ODU, 2 outputs of dry contact alarms. AC input or DC input (20-60 VDC)

Integrated and external antennas supported RADWIN supplies several antennas for the different bands Third party external antennas are applicable Typically used antennas :

Integrated 1ft flat antennas for all bands 5.X > 8 \ 22dBi 2.x > 16 \ 18dBi

Parabolic 32.5dBi for 5.xGHz BAND 4.5 Linear

Grid 24dBi for 2.4GHz Band 8 Linear

Field Installation Stages

Equipment Setup

Site Survey
LBC Link Budget Calculator Installation sequence

Equipment Setup
2 ODUs (if External > 2 Antennas +Mounting kit+ 2 N-Type cables) 2 IDUs / PoEs 2 IDU-ODU cables 2 ODU Mounting kits 2 Power supplies / Power cables Grounding cables Grounding lags Installation Tools (should include also 13mm torque / Spanner + Tools for installing the External Antenna) Laptop (+Ethernet cables) WinLink1000 Manager software

Site Survey Important

Must be carried out before starting installations. In order to verify the necessary environmental conditions for the successful operation of the link. In order to determine the best conditions for the WinLink installation, and to find a traffic-free operating frequency. In order to avoid problems and delays during the installation.

Site Survey - Stages

The Site Survey consists of three stages: Preliminary survey Check the line of sight between the installation sites. Physical survey On site preparation for installation.

Radio Frequency (RF) survey (Recommended) - Using a spectrum analyzer, scan the installation area in order to identify RF interferences and to find a clear channels to be configured.

ODU / IDU Mounting Kit

LBC - Link Budget Calculator

Reliable tool for calculating expected performance of a link Can be used prior to installation to define and verify link parameters (expected RSS, maximum range, number of E1s/T1s, etc.) Enables verification of installation quality Calculations consider real world factors Link Budget Calculator is provided with any purchase of ODU and it is part of the WinLink Manager

Link Budget Calculator

Installation Sequence
Mount the ODU on the pole using the Mounting kit. (In case of External ODU, mount the antenna and connect it to the ODU using the N-Type cable). Connect the ODU to the IDU using the IDU-ODU cable. Ground the ODU. Ground the IDU. Connect the power to the IDU. Perform the antennas alignment. Install the RADWIN Manger on the laptop using the customer CD. Run the Installation wizard using the WinLink1000 Manager.

Troubleshooting - Link
Verify that both antennas have the same polarization (horizontal/vertical). Check all the WinLink 1000-AIND cable connectors for faulty connections. Verify that there are no obstacles in the Fresnel zone of the antenna path such as large buildings, trees, etc. Use a spectrum analyzer with suitable sensitivity to measure the signal at the distance between the sites. If nothing improves the receive power level, check the overall link. Reduce the distance of the link-move the equipment from one site closer to the other site-where it is possible to actually see the antennas with the naked eye. If you now get the expected receive signal level, you can assume that the equipment is operational, and the problem arises from interference between the sites.

Installation Diagram

Basic Requirement Team Basic Computer Knowledge Laptop Windows Cross / Straight Patch cord

WinLink 1000 Manager

Software Upgrades Latest E-1 Testing LED Hard Loop back Cable Tiny screw Driver

Easy and fast installation Buzzer based alignment Installation Mode Configuration Mode Three beeps and a pause is 'best signal so far' Two beeps and a pause is 'signal quality increased' One beep and pause is 'no change in signal' Long beep and short pause is 'signal quality decreased' One beep and a long pause is 'no air link' Any other signal does not relate to antenna alignment


PC Requirement for Manager

Windows Version

Memory Processor 128 MB P III

XP Pro
512 MB P IV

1 GB P IV Dual Core

Requirements common to all systems are: Hard disk: 1 GB free space Network: 10/100BaseT NIC Graphics: 1024x768 screen resolution with 16 bit color Microsoft Explorer version 5.01 or later

User Types - Manager

There are three user types: An Observer has read-only access to the link. An Observer can monitor the link, generate reports, but may not change any link parameters. An Operator can install and configure the link. An Installer can, in addition to functioning as an Operator, also change the operating band. The latter function has legal ramifications, requiring familiarity with local regulations.
User Type Default Password Function Community Community String public



Monitoring Installation, Configuration Operator plus set band

















Site Configuration

Get Link Information

Automatically generates a comprehensive file with all link and system information of both sides Utility for remote Technical Support



System Data Link Information Event Log Site Configuration Active Alarms Performance Monitor Monitor

General information about the system Information about the link properties List of recent system events Data about the site parameters List of active alarms Network performance data over defined time periods Detailed event data record

Restore Factory Settings

Sets a unit to its original factory settings The user can select to keep the current IP settings or perform initiation of the IP

RADWIN Manager SW upgrade

Software upgrade build in tool Upgrade multiple links via IP connection


Performance Monitoring Log Monitor log Event Log

Recent Events Log


Attention pls.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Bench Test STP Cable Drip Loop Grounding SSID TPC Jitter Buffer Lower Channel bandwidth Updated Manager

Trouble Shooting
IDU LED 1. Power 2. IDU 3. ODU 4. Air I/F 5. Service Others..

Power - IDU

Implementation Water Drip protection on IDU / ODU cables

Implementation Water Drip protection ODU side

Modulations and Services

Air Rate (Mbps)


Throughput (Mbps)






Installation mode















16 QAM




16 QAM 64 QAM 64 QAM

36 48 54

13.5 18 22

4xE1 4xE1 4xE1

-73 -66 -62 For supported products only


OFDM 52 Carriers Designed for nLOS deployments Enables connectivity via reflections in Radio path Enhanced by patented protocol to supports both TDM and ETH services

52 carriers

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Advanced Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ) Mechanism

Patented fast mechanism that ensures super-fast retransmission of errant data The repeat transmission is initiated without having to wait for a request from the remote unit The system minimizes either the latency or the error rate to optimize performance for the type of services being delivered

Dealing with air-interferences

Patented Air Interface Directional antennas ACS (Automatic Channel Selection) Adaptive modulation Configurable channel BW:5/10/20MHz Fast ARQ OFDM based air-interface, enabling N-LOS deployments HSS (synchronization of multiple links) Configurable jitter buffer

RADWIN Hub Site Synchronization

Unique burst synchronization technique Synchronizes Tx and Rx timing for all units at a hub site Eliminates collocation TDD interference Enables multi point-to-point architecture

RADWIN Manager - Element Manager

SNMP based local and remote management Management of a complete Link with a single IP address On Line Monitor of the air interface and the services Supports Traps and Alarms Includes: Installation Wizard Local and remote testing Over the air SW upgrade for multiple links Changing Band (Combo) Performance Monitoring Active Alarms Backward compatibility

Adaptive Modulation
Enables the system to change modulations automatically, depending on channel characteristics Enables the user to maximize the Ethernet throughput without degradation in the TDM service quality Supported Modulations and Air Rates: BPSK (9Mbps) QPSK (12Mbps, 18Mbps) 16QAM (24Mbps, 36Mbps) 64QAM (48Mbps, 54Mbps)

ACS (Automatic Channel Selection)

Automatic selection of best-quality channel (based on PER) Enhanced robustness and higher performance ACS available in all WinLink 1000 products

Selectable Channel Bandwidth

Channel Bandwidth selection menu 5MHz,10MHz or 20MHz Default setting: 20MHz More channels per band Eases collocation deployments Changing Channel Bandwidth sets the link back to Install Mode

TPC Transmit Power Control

Enables control of ODU transmitted power level Available in all products Why use it? Reduce co-location interference Environmental issues

Advanced TDM Clocking

Transparent (default) LBT / Recovered or Recovered / LBT Internal/Recovered or Recovered/Internal

Transparent/Transparent Loop time/Recover

Recover/Loop time
Internal/Recover Recover/Internal

The clock at Site A regenerates the clock from Site B and vice versa. The Site A port receive-clock is used as the transmit-clock for that port on both sides of the link. The Site B port receive-clock is used as the transmit-clock for that port on both sides of the link. The Site A port uses its internal oscillator to generate its transmit clock while the Site B port regenerates the clock received at the Site A port. The Site B port uses its internal oscillator to generate its transmit clock while the Site A port regenerates the clock received at the Site B port.

Security & Encryption

Enhanced air interface security for carriers and private networks Encryption using AES 128-bit key Initial encryption and authentication based on user-defined master key and password

AES - National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). AES128 - Takes uses less than 1% of the link capacity

Management Security
Three levels of password protected user authorization: Read Enables SNMP get command Read/Write - Enables SNMP get and set command Traps Enables SNMP Traps receiving

Enhanced Security
In addition to existing security features such as: Link Password (SSID) AES 128 Encryption Release 1.790 & above have Link Lock feature:

Enhanced Security
New ability to lock operation of specific ODU to the current remote ODU by MAC address Can be activated via the manager application in one direction or both Prevents service/bandwidth theft even if the link password is known Lock can be disabled only from the location it was activated

Ethernet Throughput Control

Max Ethernet throughput can be controlled in steps of 64Kbps Enables service pricing flexibility for service providers

VLAN management
Enables separation of user traffic from NMS Traffic All the protocols supported (ICMP, SNMP, TELNET and NTP) Affects all types of management connections (local, network and over the air)

The Jitter Buffer

By configuring the Jitter Buffer, the receiver jitter buffer for each site can be enlarged, thereby increase system resistance to interference By decreasing the jitter buffer we decrease the system delay. The jitter buffer can be configured between 2.1 and 16.0 milliseconds

Supported for all WinLink 1000 products Support local configuration and monitoring of the ODU on site (remote configuration cannot be performed via Telnet) Telnet login password = community strings Read allows display only Read/write allows display and set commands

Telnet Commands (1)

Command Explanation

display inventory

Displays ODU product name, Name, Location, hardware and software revisions, uptime, MAC address, IDU product name, IDU software and hardware revisions Displays IP, Subnet, Gateway, Traps table Displays State, SSID, Channel BW, RSS, TSL, Frequency / ACS, DFS, Rate / ARA, Distance Displays Bridge Mode, Aging time, Port table (State, Status and action) Displays Clock Mode, Master Clock Mode, Current Clock, Quality, TDM table (Line status, Error Blocks) Displays Time, Server and Offset Set the IP address, subnet mask and gateway of the ODU The user shall be ask to reset the ODU after the command completion Shows the performance monitor tables for each interface according to user defined monitoring intervals

display management display link display Ethernet display tdm display ntp set ip display PM <interface:AIR,LAN1,LAN2,TDM1, TDM2,TDM3,TDM4> <interval:current,day,month> set trap

set a specific trap from the traps table

Telnet Commands (2)

Command Explanation

set readpw set writepw set trappw set buzzer set tpc set bridge set name <new name> set location <new location> Set contact <new contact> set Ethernet <>port:MNG,LAN1,LAN2> <mode:AUTO,10H,10F,100 H,100F,DIS reboot

set the read access password (read community) set the read-write access password (read-write community) set the trap community string toggle the buzzer mode (0 off, 1 on) set the ODU transmit power. If a wrong value is entered, both min and max values shall be displayed in the error reply set the ODU bridge mode (0 off, 1 on) Set the name of the link Set the name of the location Set the name of the site manager Set the mode and speed of each Ethernet port

reset both the IDU and the ODU. The user shall be prompt that the command will reset the card and that he has to reconnect the telnet session after TBD seconds. display the available commands


URL / Contact Info

http://www.radwin.com/RW2000/8.5.00/Manager.zip http://www.radwin.com Support-APAC@radwin.com

+91-11-40539164 / 5 / 6

Thank You