Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16

Geothermal Retrofit of HVAC Systems

Water-water plate heat exchanger

Water-air heat exchanger

Absorption Chiller (Yazaki Energy Systems)

Andrew Chiasson Geo-Heat Center Oregon Institute of Technology

Retrofit Possibilities
Space heating Domestic hot water
Suitability depends mainly on flow requirements and need for storage

Space cooling
Newer absorption chillers rated at 192oF

HVAC Systems
Types

Several types of configurations for space


heating HVAC systems are categorized by the method used to convey energy
All-air systems Air-and-water systems All-water systems

HVAC Systems
All-Air Systems

All heating, cooling, and humidification is


supplied to a space by the air
Single-duct systems Constant volume Multi-zone, variable-air volume (VAV) Multi-zone with re-heat Dual-duct systems

HVAC Systems
All-Air Systems

Single duct systems


Fossil-fuel furnace with direct-expansion (DX) cooling

HVAC Systems
All-Air Systems

Single duct systems


Commercial system with central heating and cooling coils

HVAC Systems
All-Air Systems

Single duct systems


Commercial roof-top units

HVAC Systems
All-Air Systems

Single duct systems


Commercial system with central heating and cooling coils

HVAC Systems
All-Air Systems

Single duct systems


Multi-zone commercial system with variable-air volume (VAV) fan

HVAC Systems
All-Air Systems
Geothermal Retrofit Suitability (Rafferty, 1998)
Low Temperature water (<150oF) Single-zone, multi-zone, dual duct Terminal reheat, VAV Standard Temperature water (180-200oF) Single-zone, multi-zone, dual duct Terminal reheat, VAV Steam Single-zone, multi-zone, dual duct Terminal reheat, VAV Electric resistance furnace Air-air split heat pump Fossil-fuel furnace Packaged roof-top unit Fossil-fuel fired unit heaters
8-10 6-8
7-8 6-7 6 4-5

5-6 3-4 4-5 3-4 3-4

HVAC Systems
All-Water Systems

Hot and chilled water are distributed to


terminal units and equipment
Free-standing radiators Baseboard radiators Wall, floor, ceiling panels Fan coil units

HVAC Systems
All-Water Systems
Fan coil unit Unit ventilator (4-pipe)

HVAC Systems
All-Water Systems
Fin tube radiator Cast iron radiator

HVAC Systems
All-Water Systems
Water loop heat pump (California loop)

HVAC Systems
All-Water Systems
Geothermal Retrofit Suitability (Rafferty, 1998)
Loop heat pump
Radiant panel

10
10

Fan coil/unit ventilator


Unit heaters

7-9
7

Finned tube convector


Steam systems

6
1-3

HVAC Systems
Perimeter Electric Systems
Geothermal Retrofit Suitability (Rafferty, 1998)
Electric baseboard Through-the-wall units 2 1