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THE ASIAN GIANTS

Submitted By: GARIMA VIJAYWARGIY

OVERVIEW
Comparison between India and China according to the following classification:

DEMOGRAPHIC
Population Growth Rate Migration Literacy Poverty Employment tatus Education !uture Prospects

GEOGRAPHIC
"rea Coastline Land %sage Infrastructure

POLITICAL/ ECONOMIC
Government ystem "dministration International Relations Economy Imports # E$ports Inflation Entrepreneurships

Dem ogra phics

DEMOGRAPHICS
&he following table shows the comparative study between India and China on the basis of various demographic factors:

INDIA Population (July 2010) Growth Rate (2010) "irth Rate (2010) %eath rate (July 2010) 'e( Ratio ()ale$*+e)ale$) ,itera-y .&u-ation .(pen&iture 1,173,108,018 1.37 ! 21.34 #irth$ 7.53 &eath$ 1.08 1! (2007) 3.2! o+ G%P (200
)

CHINA 1,330,141,295 0.494! 12.17 #irth$ .89 &eath$ 1.0 91. ! (2007) 1.9! o+ G%P (1999)

HISTORICAL COMPARISON
Population growth rat ! &he average annual percent change in the population( resulting from a surplus )or deficit* of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country+
India's Population Growth China's Population Growth

N t "igration rat ! &his entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per ,(--- persons )based on midyear population*+ "n e$cess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration )e+g+( .+/0 migrants1,(--- population*2 an e$cess of persons leaving the country as net emigration )e+g+( 34+50 migrants1,(--- population*+

China's Migrants )per ,--- population*

India's Migrants )per ,--- population*

Lit ra#$! It can be defined as the ability to read and write at a specified age+

India's Literacy )6*

China's Literacy )6*

Population % low Po& rt$ Lin ! 7ational estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub3groups( with the results weighted by the number of people in each group+ 8PL9 3 8elow Poverty Line

China's 8PL Population )6*

India's 8PL Population )6*

'n "plo$" nt rat ! &his refers to the percentage of the labor force that is without :obs+

India's %nemployment Rate )6*

China's %nemployment Rate )6*

*'T'RE COMPARSION
I7;I" currently stands at a very A(&antag ou) Po)ition as you will learn shortly from these facts: India is now forecast to surpass China in total population by 5-.-( five years earlier than previously thought+ India's population is slated to rise by almost ./- million over the ne$t <uarter century( twice as fast as the %nited tates( =estern Europe and China combined+ =hile China's population is currently )5--/* larger than India's by over 5-- million( by 5-/- India's population is e$pected to e$ceed China's by 5-- million+ India's urban population is pro:ected to rise from 54 percent of total population in 5--/ to >, percent by 5-.-+

Why ADVANTAGE???
&he advantage can be estimated by pro:ecting growth in the ? WOR+ING,AGE@ population )age ,/30-*+ Aere( India's advantages are amplified+ &he growth in India's worBing age population is e$pected to e$ceed its already rapid population growth until 5-,/+ =hile China's worBing age population declines from 5-5- to 5-/-( India's increases until at least 5->/+ Reversals of fortune+

GEOGRAPHICS
INDIA /rea ,an& #oun&arie$ 2oa$tline 3i4he$t point ,owe$t point ,an& u$e 3,287,2 3 $0 1) 14,103 1) 7,000 1) 5an-hen6un4a 8,598 ) 9n&ian :-ean 0 ) /ra#le lan&= 48.83! Per)anent -rop$= 2.8! :ther= 48.37! (2005) 558,080 $0 1) (2003) 1,907.8 -u 1) (1999) CHINA 9,59 ,9 1 $0 1) 22,117 1) 14,500 1) 7ount .8ere$t 8,850 ) ;urpan Pen&i <154 ) /ra#le lan&= 14.8 ! Per)anent -rop$= 1.27! :ther= 83.87! (2005) 545,9 0 $0 1) (2003) 2,829. -u 1) (1999)

9rri4ate& lan& Renewa#le >ater Re$our-e$

IN*RASTR'CT'RE
Infrastructure Investments:

DEVELOPMENT IN RAILWA-S

India's Railway Growth


)Bm*

China's Railway Growth


)Bm*

DEVELOPMENT IN ROADWA-S

China's Roadways Growth


)Bm*

India's Railway Growth


)Bm*

DEVELOPMENT IN AVIATION

India's "viation Growth


)no+ of airports*

China's "viation Growth


)no+ of airports*

RESO'RCES

Cil Production )bbl+1day*

Electricity Production )8illion B=h*

China

China

India

India

7atural Gas Production )m.*

Industrial Production Growth)6* China China

India

India

COMM'NICATION
500
500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0

400

311

2hina 9n&ia
100 100 51

85

;elephone ,ine

7o#ile

INTERNET 'SAGE
INDIA
Internet %sers

CHINA

./ "illion

8roadband %sers

/4 "illion

2034 "illion

./01 "illion

< /ll &ata i$ a$ per 2003.

ECON OMY

POLITICAL / ECONOMIC
In(ia !ull 7ame Capital Govt+ &ype Independence Constitution Governing Party PeopleDs Republic of China ;elhi !ederal Republic ,/th "ugust ,4>E 50th Fanuary ,4/Indian 7ational Congress HMs+ Indira GandhiI China Republic of India 8ei:ing Communist tate ,st Cctober ,4>4 >th ;ecember ,4G5 Chinese Communist Party HA% FintaoI

!lag

ADMINISTRATION
CHINA
China has 5. provinces )sheng( singular and plural*( / autonomous regions )JiJhi<u( singular and plural*( and > municipalities )shi( singular and plural*: Pro&in# )! "nhui( !u:ian( Gansu( Guangdong( GuiJhou( Aainan( Aebei( Aeilong:iang( Aenan( Aubei( Aunan( Fiangsu( Fiang$i( Filin( Liaoning( Kinghai( haan$i( handong( han$i( ichuan( Lunnan( Mhe:iang+ Autono"ou) R gion)! Guang$i( 7ei Mongol( 7ing$ia( Nin:iang %ygur( NiJang )&ibet* Muni#ipaliti )! 8ei:ing( hanghai( &ian:in+ Chong<ing(

INDIA
India has 5G states and E union territories:

'nion T rritori ) : "ndaman and 7icobar Islands( Chandigarh( ;adra and 7agar Aaveli( ;aman and ;iu( ;elhi( LaBshadweep( Pondicherry+ Stat ) : "ndhra Pradesh( "runachal Pradesh( "ssam( 8ihar( Chhattisgarh( Goa( Gu:arat( Aaryana( Aimachal Pradesh( Fammu and Oashmir( FharBhand( OarnataBa( Oerala( Madhya Pradesh( Maharashtra( Manipur( Meghalaya( MiJoram( 7agaland( Crissa( Pun:ab( Ra:asthan( iBBim( &amil 7adu( &ripura( %ttar Pradesh( %ttaraBhand( =est 8engal

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
In(ia
was one of the founding members of several international organiJations( most notably the %nited 7ations( the 7on3"ligned Movement( the "sian ;evelopment 8anB and theG5- industrial nations+ India has also played an important and influential role in other international organiJations liBe East "sia ummit( =orld &rade CrganiJation( International Monetary !und )IM!*( GGP/ and I8 " ;ialogue !orum+

China is a member of many international organiJations2 holding Bey positions such


as a permanent member on the %7 ecurity Council and is a leader in many areas such as non3proliferation( peaceBeeping and resolving regional conflicts+

INDO,CHINA RELATIONS
Sino-Indian rela ions, al$o -alle& Indo-China rela ions, re+er to the tie$ an& relation$ #etween the People?$ Repu#li- o+ 2hina an& the Repu#li- o+ 9n&ia. Relation$ #etween 2hina an& 9n&ia &ate #a-1 to an-ient ti)e$. 2hina an& 9n&ia are two o+ the worl&@$ ol&e$t -i8iliAation$ an& ha8e -oe(i$te& in pea-e +or )illennia. ;ra&e relation$ 8ia the 'il1 Roa& a-te& a$ e-ono)i- -onta-t #etween the two re4ion$. 3owe8er, $in-e the early 1950$, their relation$hip ha$ #een -hara-teriAe& #y #or&er &i$pute$, re$ultin4 in )ilitary -on+li-t (the 'ino<9n&ian >ar o+ 19 2, the 2hola in-i&ent in 19 7, an& the 1987 'ino<9n&ian $1ir)i$h). ;o&ay, 2hina an& 9n&ia #oth ha8e -lo$e e-ono)i- an& )ilitary tie$. 9n 2005, 2hina an& 9n&ia announ-e& a B$trate4i- partner$hipB. 2hina an& 9n&ia -ontinue to $tren4then their relation$. ;ra&e #etween 2hina an& 9n&ia -ontinue$ to 4row. 7any ha8e a4ree& that 'ino<9n&ian relation$ ha8e entere& )aturity perio&.

ECONOM-

9n&ia

2hina

< /$ per 2008

ECONOMIC GROWTH
India's Economic Growth

China's Economic Growth

ECONOMIC COMPARISON

10 9 8 7
7.

9.7 8.3

5.95

5 4 3 2 1 0

3.92

4.24

2hina 9n&ia

1.11

1.2

1.29

1.1

Govt+ 8udget Revenue

Manufacturing Cutput

E$ports

100C "illion (D')

IMPORT / E5PORT
19 1

5--,G-% 8illion ;ollars

,0-,>-,5-,--G-0->-5-120 138 2 0 120

1038

923 58

China India

E$ports

!oreign &rade

E5PORTS
India's E$ports
)8illion Q*

China's E$ports
)8illion Q*

IMPORTS
India's Imports
)8illion Q*

China's Imports
)8illion Q*

Gro)) Do" )ti# Pro(u#t


China's G;P )8illion Q* India's G;P )8illion Q*

GDP 6pur#ha)ing pow r parit$7! &his entry gives the gross domestic product )G;P* or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year+ " nationDs G;P at purchasing power parity )PPP* e$change rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the %nited tates+ &his is the measure most economists prefer when looBing at per3capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries+

India's Inflation Rate)6*

In8lation rat

6#on)u" r pri# )7! &his entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous yearDs consumer prices+

China's Inflation Rate)6*

China's Investments on fi$ed assets )6*

In& )t" nt)

6gro)) 8i9 (7! &his entry records total business spending on fi$ed assets( such as factories( machinery( e<uipment( dwellings( and inventories of raw materials( which provide the basis for future production+ It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets( i+e+( it includes investment that merely replaces worn3out or scrapped capital+

India's Investments on fi$ed assets )6*

E9t rnal D %t)


China's E$ternal ;ebts )8illion %
Q*

India's E$ternal ;ebts )8illion %

Q*

De! - e" ernal# ;hi$ entry 4i8e$ the total pu#li- an& pri8ate &e#t owe& to nonre$i&ent$ repaya#le in +orei4n -urren-y, 4oo&$, or $er8i-e$. ;he$e +i4ure$ are -al-ulate& on an e(-han4e rate #a$i$, i.e., not in pur-ha$in4 power parity (PPP) ter)$.

INDIA a) :a#; O88i# o8 th WORLD

CHINA a) Wor; Shop o8 th WORLD

COMPARISON O* *'T'RE

< -ontinue&

$s%

THAN+ -O'<===