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VOCATIONAL TRAINING Report

D.L.W. VARANSI
2012
NAME BRANCH
- VINOD KUMAR - ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

YEAR

ROLL NO. 10105EN066 COLLEGE - IT-BHU VARANASI

INDEX
1. Acknowledgment 2. Preface 3. Introduction to D.L.W. 4. Telephone Exchange 5. AC Plant 6. Electronics Lab 7. Assembly Shop 8. Conclusion

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
I would sincerely like to thank the employees and the officers of DLW, VARANASI for their help and support during the vocationaltraining. Despite their busy schedules, they took time out for us andexplained to us the various aspects of the working of the plant, from the production shops.

I would sincerely like to thank Shri Amit Kumar(ACWI/Elect.) andMr. Rajendra P.Srivastava(SSE/AC Plant),Mis. Ratna Singh(SSE/Telephone Exchange) who was instrumental in arranging thevocational training at DLW Varanasi, and without whose help andguidance the training could not have materialized.

I express my deep sense of gratitude toMr. S. P. Singh (Principal,TTC) for given me such a great opportunity

The objectives of the practical training are to learn something aboutindustries practically and to be familiar with the working style of atechnical person to adjust simply according to the industrial environment.

It is rightly said practical life is far away from theoretical one.We learn in class room can give the practical exposure or real lifeexperience no doubt they help in improving the personality of thestudent, but the practical exposure in the field will help the student inlong run of life and will be able to implement the theoreticalknowledge. As, a part of academic syllabus of four year degree course in Electronics Engineering, every student is required to undergo a practical training.

I am student of Second year Electronics and this report is written on the basis of practical knowledge acquired by me during the periodof practical training taken at Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi

Introduction to D.L.W.
Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW) is production unitunder the ministry of railways. This was setup in collaboration withAmerican locomotive company (ALCO) USA in 1961 and the firstlocomotive was rolled out in 1964. This unit produces diesel electroniclocomotives and DG sets for Indian railways and other customers in Indiaand Abroad.

Background

Subsequently a contract for transfer of technology of 4000 HPMicroprocessor Controlled AC/AC Freight (GT 46 MAC) / passenger (GT 46 PAC) locomotives and family of 710 engines has been signedwith electro motive division of general motors of USA for manufacturein DLW. the production of these locomotives has now started and thusDLW is the only manufacturers of Diesel Electric Locomotives with bothALCO and General motors technologies in the world.

Brief History
Set up in 1961 as a green-field project in technical collaboration with ALCO/USA to Manufacture Diesel Electric Locomotives. First locomotive rolled out and dedicated to nation in January,1964. Transfer-of-Technology agreement signed with General Motors/ USAin October,95 to manufacture state-of-the-art high traction AC-ACdiesel locomotives. A flagship company of Indian Railways offering complete range of flanking products in its area of operation

State-of-the art Design and Manufacturing facility to manufacturemore than 150 locomotives per annum with wide range of related products viz. components and sub-assemblies. Unbeatable trail-blazing track record in providing cost-effective, eco-friendly and reliable solutions to ever-increasing transportation needsfor over three decades. Fully geared to meet specific transportation needs by putting Price-Value-Technology equation perfectly right. A large base of delighted customers among many countries viz. SriLanka, Malaysia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Tanzania to name a few, bearing testimony to product leadership in its category.

SALIENT FEATURES: Annual production capacity Annual turn-over (Rs) Total number of staff Workshop land Township area Covered area in shops Covered area of other service buildings Electrical power requirement (Average maximum demand) Electrical energy consumption (units/year) Stand by power generation capacity

25 Locomotives 5000 million 223 89 Hectares 211 Hectares 86300 Sq.m 73700 Sq.m 3468 KVA
19.8 million 3000 KW

PRODUCT OF DLW:
DLW is an integrated plant and its manufacturing facilities are flexible innature. these can be utilized for manufacture of different design of locomotives of various gauges suiting costomer requirments and other products. the product range avilable is as under. : WDG4 4000 HP AC/AC Frieght traffic Locomotive
WDP4 WDG3D Controlled Locomotive. WDM3C 4000 HP AC/AC Broad Gauge High SpeedLocomotive 3400 HP AC/AC Broad Gauge Mixed TrafficMicro -Processor 3300 HP AC/DC Broad Broad Gauge MixedTraffic Locomotive.

WDM3A
WDP3A WDG3A

3100 HP AC/DC Broad Gauge Mixed TrafficLocomotive.


3100 HP AC/DC Broad Gauge High SpeedPassenger Locomotive. 3100 HP AC/DC Broad Gauge FreightLocomotive.

WDM2
WDP1 WDM7

2600 HP AC/DC Broad Gauge Mixed TrafficLocomotive.


2300 HP AC/DC Broad Gauge Intercity ExpressLocomotive. 2150 HP DC/DC Broad Gauge Mixed TrafficLocomotive.

PARTS OF EXCHANGE
1. Charger 2. Battery 3. Exchange (switching system) 4. Internal Distribution Frame (IDF)

5. Main Distribution Frame (MDF)


6. Distribution box (DB) 7. Distribution Pole (DP) 8. Consumers 9. Facilities Provided to Consumer 10.Transmission Bridge

Types Of Telephone Exchange


MAX1 MAX2 MAX3 SAX
1. Main Auto Exchange

2. 100 600 lines


3. Cabinet type

1. Small Auto Exchange


2. Less than 5 50lines Private Auto Exchange Private Branch Exchange

PAX PBY -

Telephone Exchange

This Is the place form where extension of

phone line distribute to the user.

Internal Distribution Frame(IDF)- In if the framing of jumper is done . The


cables which are coming out of the exchange are terminated in IDF and in MDF 1. Crown type 2. Block type

Main Distibution Frame(MDF)- Exchange is also provided in the rack type of tag
block which is called MDF which is the main distribution frame. In MDF we mount the fuse hold tag at the Back of the Block and jumper in front.

Distribution Board(DB)- it is the box board in which cable pads are distributed
according to the number which are to be provided near the distribution .DB are installed after accretion interval of the distance making a proper distribution of cable which is easier with the consumer.

Distribution Pole- Distribution poles are much nearer to the consumer here it is
easier to take cables from the consumer

There are three types of faults-

1. Line Contacts It mean that the drop wire is connected either with a pole or a tree if is broken down and a husky voice is obtain when we ring.
2. Line Earth It means that drop wire breaks on its own when it touches a pole or a tree ,a soft humming sound comes when we dial a number. 3. Line Disc - The wire has been broken down.

Telephone Exchange BSNL Modem Load Balance

DB

Splitter

Load Balance

Phone

Load Balance DSLAM

Computer

1 2

3 4

3 4

I&C SF/1 400A

100A G.M. AC
ADMS STREAT LIGHT 100A

5 obc

Staff Canteen 100A

Central Wing 200A

TTC
800A
ADM?AC PLANT ILCT TR.2 1600A

D&D AC plant 800A

Tele Ac plant 800A


COMPU TER 800A

Spare 800A

LTDB No.2 West wing BC 800A 1600A 800A


East wing

D&D w/s shop 800A

I/C TR-I I/C TR-2 I/C TR-I 1600A 1600A 1600A

800A

Spare 800A

Cooling Tower

COND. PUMP Condenser water Line


CONDENSER

EXP. MOTOR COMP. VALVE Chiller

Liquid refrigerant Line

Chiller water Line

SOFTWARE FEATURE1. Option of auto/semi auto/ manual mode.


2. Sequential start starting of condenser water pump ,chilled water pump and compressor with fine delay of 15 second. 3. Sequential load/unloading.

4. Auto start on power restoration.


5. CHW pump starting interlock. 6. Auto stop. 7. Auto restart of Chiller.

8. Anti recycle timer.


9. Maintenance trip. 10. Automatic lead or lag of compressor. 11. Crank case heater.

12. Analog input error. 13. One gear programming.

14. Scheduling .
15. Under lower current and voltage trip. 16. condenser/C.T. Fan cycling. 17. Delay star to delta change over. 18. Easy diagnosis. 19. Continuous display of all reliant parameter. 20. Fault indication

Electronics Lab
1. FET (FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR) Amplifier

2. Digital Ohm-Meter
3. Cascaded Amplifier 4. Cascoded Amplifier 5. Electro Optical 6. SCR Speed control of Universal AC/DC Motor.

7. Digital Logic
8. D.O.R. Single Phase Motor 9. Thermo Couple

10.Digital IC Training

FET Amplifier
INTRODUCTION : The FET transistor is a semiconductor device which depend for its operation on the control of current by an electric field.

TYPES : 1. JUNCTION FET TRANSISTOR(JFET) 2. Metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOSFET)

FET Vs. FJT

1. Its operation depends upon flow of majority carrier only .So it is a unipolar device
2. It is simpler to fabricate and occupies less space in integrated form. 3. It exhibits a high input resistance,tepically many maga ohm. 4. It is less noisy than a bipolar device.

GATE DRAIN SOURCE P P

N SUBSTRATE P SUBSTRATE SINGLE ENDED GEOMETRY JUNCTION FET D G IG S ID VDD

VDS

VGG
VGS

D DRAIN
G GAIN S SOURCE

CKT OF FET Amplifier

IG G Current

ID

D Current

CASCADED AMPLIFIER
VCC Rc

Rc

RB
CC VO V RE CE RE

cE

A CASCADED Amplifier is the combination of Common emitter- Common emitter Transistor. The output of first transistor act as out put of second transistor.

CASCODED AMPLIFIER
VO

RL VI

The CASCODED amplifier is the combine Common emitter transistor and common base transistor. In this common emitters output will work as the input of the Common base Transistor. This is an AC circuit equivalent with batteries and the capacitor replaced by short circuit