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An intelligent approach of real time monitoring of water supply and leakage detection using wireless sensor.

Project guide: Mr.K.Maharajan.,M.E(AP(SG)/CSE) Project member: S.sweeklin (96210104108)


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S.sathis Kumar (96210104087)


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Overview

Introduction

Methods of leak detection

Hardware

Software

Generalized Likelihood Ratio

Simulation Procedure & Results

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Introduction
Water represents a primary necessity, for everybody's daily life and for an effective accomplishment of many industrial processes. water availability decrease is common to developing and developed countries, as well as to northern, equatorial and southern regions. where leakages are mainly caused by generally aged and consequently breakable water distribution infrastructures.

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Objective :Our objective is save the water which is wasted due to leakage and to reduce the cost for restoring it.

The concept of detecting the leakage in the pipe through the sensor to avoid wastage of water. The restore of the damaged particle Is done on the particular and the exact place where the damage occurred
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Outcome :It

prevents wastage of water through leakage and saves water.

Monitoring of leakage in the pipeline and fixing it quicker.

With help of this it is possible to make public distribution system efficient and free from irregularities. It also maintains the usage of the water by the people.
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Proposed System
It can be easily deducted where the leakage occurs and that particular pipeline can be replace with the new one. It helps in faster way of communication and it helps in saving the water form wastage. This would bring the transparency in public distribution system as there will be a direct communication between people and Government through this system. Using such a system, Government would have all required control/monitoring over the pipeline.
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System design:
Flow Sensor

difference in sensor Flow Sensor

Microcontroller (AT Mega 8)

ZIG BEE Module

ZIG BEE Module

Micorcontroller (AT Mega 8)

LCD 16x2

Buzzer
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Flow sensor :

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These units are ideal for use in water conservation systems, storage tanks, water recycling home applications, irrigation systems and much more. The sensors are solidly constructed and provide a digital pulse each time an amount of water passes through the pipe. The output can easily be connected to a microcontroller for monitoring water usage and calculating the amount of water remaining in a tank etc.
This flow sensor is suitable for a standard pipe. A wide supply voltage can be connected to the unit. The unit is constructed of long-life polymer and is suitable for outdoor mounting. These easy to connect units are ideal for use in environmentally friendly household water management systems.
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Specification:
Flow Rate 0.8 - 8.0 liter/min Digital Output Fitting for 1/4" Pipe Suitable for Water monitoring Systems. Supply Voltage: 2.4 - 26V

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How does sensor fits in pipe:

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How does it works ????

It an accurate and reliable flow meter for liquids and gases. It consists of a slightly magnetic multi bladed free spinning rotor (impeller) mounted inside at right angles to the flow. The rotor is suspended in the flow by 2 end supports which act to straighten the flow prior to reaching the blades. As the flow reaches the turbine, the turbine begins to spin due to the applied force by the flow. As such the rotation of the rotor is proportional to the rate of flow.
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Rotational action :

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Due to the action of rotation


Due to the rotation of the blades we use the mechanical energy of the fluid to rotate a pinwheel (rotor) in the flow stream. Blades on the rotor are angled to transform energy from the flow stream into rotational energy. The rotor shaft spins on bearings. When the fluid moves faster, the rotor spins proportionally faster. Shaft rotation can be sensed mechanically or by detecting the movement of the blades.Blade movement is often detected magnetically, with each blade or embedded piece of metal generating a pulse.

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Location of the sensor


1.Location of sensor. 2.Inner blade. 3.Attachement to pipe. 4.blades. 5.shafts.

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Action of sensor

Inductance type sensor generates a voltage pulse each time a rotor blade passes by. Depending on the type of signal receiving instrument a pre-amplifier may be needed. The Hall-effect sensor provides a square wave output each time a blade passes by and has a built in pre-amplifier. The Hall-effect sensor also produces less magnetic drag on the rotor and is more suitable for lower flow rates.

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Material of construction
Body: Stainless Steel. Rotor: Stainless Steel. Rotor Support and Bearings: Stainless Steel. Rotor Shaft: Tungsten Carbide. It has steel body and rotor-end supports as well as rotor. The bearings are of Stellite and/or Aluminium Trioxide. Though, our Turbine flow meters are available in other materials . The Stellite bearings provide an unmatched extended life time.

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System architecture

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Reference

[1] "Substantive issues arising in the implementation of the international covenant on economic, social and cultural rights, general comment no. 15," OHCHR, Geneva, Switzerland, Nov. 2002. [Online]. Available: www.ohchr.org [2] Z. M. Lahlou, "Leak detection and water loss control," On Tap Mag., vol. 1, no. 1, May 2001, Tech. Brief. [3] C. Lallana and N. Thyssen, "Water use efficiency (in cities): Leakage," European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark, Environ. Indicator Fact Sheet, 2003.
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[4] X. J. Wang, M. F. Lambert, A. R. Simpson, and J. P. Vitkovsky, "DetecIntroductiontion in pipelines and pipe networks: A review," in 6th Hydraulics Civil Eng.: State of Hydraulics Conf., Barton, Australia, 2001, pp. 391-400. [5] O. Hunaidi, W. T. Chu, A. Wang, and W. Guan, "Leak detection methods for plastic water distribution pipes," in Water Sewer Infrastructure Syst.: Challenges and Solutions Seminars, Ottawa, ON, Canada, Apr. 27, 2000, pp. 249-270. [6] "The H method for locating leaks in buried water pipes," Sensistor AB, Linkping, Sweden, Applicat. Note, 1997. [7] O. Hunaidi and P. Giamou, "Ground penetrating radar for detection
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[7] O. Hunaidi and P. Giamou, "Ground penetrating radar for detection of leaks in buried plastic water distribution pipes," in 7th Int. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR'98) Conf., May 27-28, 1998, pp. 783-786. [8] O. Hunaidi and W. T. Chu, "Acoustical characteristics of leak signals in plastic water distribution pipes," J. Appl. Acoustics, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 235-254, 1999. [9] Y. Gao, M. J. Brennan, P. F. Joseph, J. M. Muggleton, and O. Hunaidi, "On the selection of acoustic/vibration sensors for leak detection in plastic water pipes," J. Sound Vibration, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 235-254, May 1999
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Questions

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