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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

Electromagnetic Interference
National Institute of Science & Technology

(EMI) & Electromagnetic


Compatibility (EMC)
Presented by
Devraj Sabat
EC200117322

Under the Guidance of


Mr. N. Srinivasu

Devraj Sabat 1
Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

AGENDA
National Institute of Science & Technology

• EMI
• SOURCES OF EMI
• REDUCING EMI
• EMC
• EMC DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
• EMC & EMI TESTING

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

INTRODUCTION
National Institute of Science & Technology

• EMI-
It consists of any unwanted
conducted or radiated signals of electric origin
that can cause degradation in system or
equipment performance.
• EMC-
It is the ability of the system to function as
designed without any degradation in
performance due to EMI with in the operational
environment

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

Classification of EMI
National Institute of Science & Technology

• INTRASYSTEM EMI-
EMI problems with in the system one is
dealing with.
• INTERSYSTEM EMI-
EMI problems, that occur between two or
more systems.

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

EMI arises due to three basic


National Institute of Science & Technology

factors
• Sources
• Transmission Path
• Response

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

Sources of EMI
National Institute of Science & Technology

• Natural EMI sources


• Man made EMI sources
• Broadband EMI sources
• Narrowband EMI sources
• Conducted EMI sources
• Radiated EMI sources

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

Reduction of EMI

• Both Filtering & Shielding techniques are


used to reduce electromagnetic
disturbances.
• To reduce noise due to EMI at sources by
EMC oscillators.

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

Electromagnetic compatibility
National Institute of Science & Technology

(EMC)
• First, EMC implies that the equipment will not
generate unacceptable interference emission
levels which could cause interference .
• Second, EMC implies that the equipment can
tolerate ambient levels of interference
without degradation of performance

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

EMC Design considerations

• Connectors
• Grounding
• Shielding
• Components
• Electrostatic discharge

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

Testing
National Institute of Science & Technology

• Low level testing-


Component, Equipment, Subsystem testing
• Intermediate level testing-
System testing
• High level testing-
Electromagnetic environment with the test
item

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

Testing
National Institute of Science & Technology

• Compliance tests-
Performed at the end of design.
• Engineering tests-
Deals with potential problems in the
designing process .
• Audit tests-
It is associated with manufacturing & quality

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

Conclusion
National Institute of Science & Technology

• EMI is a major problem in the development of


systems.
• EMC must be taken in to consideration during
the design stage.
• Environmental reliability testing is used to
eliminate potential problems
• There are many EMC standards used in the
regulation of products that may cause EMI.

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004

References
National Institute of Science & Technology

• “Electromagnetic Compatibility Design Guide for Avoinics


and Related Ground Support Equipment” by AD NAVAIR.
• “Electromagnetic Compatibility”, design handbook series 1.0.
• A.A. Smith Jr., Coupling of External electromagnetic fields to
Transmission lines, John Willey & Sons.
• www.google. Com
• Military specification, Electric Cable, Aerospace vehicle,
General specification for, MIL-C-7078, August 9, 1971.

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Technical Seminar Presentation - 2004
National Institute of Science & Technology

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