Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 42

PRESENTATION

ON
ANGLES
Presented By
Sarita gangwar

Contents
Recap the terms
Angles in daily life
What is an angle?
Naming an angle
Interior and exterior of an angle
Measurement of angle
Types of angle: Right angle
Obtuse angle
Acute angle
Straight angle
Test Yourself - 1
Congruent angles
Pairs of angles: Types
Test Yourself - 2
Pairs of angles formed
by a transversal
Test Yourself - 3
Point
An exact location on a plane is
called a point.
Line
Line
segment
Ray
A straight path on a plane,
extending in both directions
with no endpoints, is called a
line.
A part of a line that has two
endpoints and thus has a
definite length is called a line
segment.
A line segment extended
indefinitely in one direction
is called a ray.
Recap Geometrical Terms
If we look around us, we will see angles everywhere.
Angles In Daily Life
Common
endpoint
B C
B
A
Ray BC
Ray BA
Ray BA and BC are two non-collinear rays
When two non-collinear rays join with a common endpoint
(origin) an angle is formed.
What Is An Angle ?
Common endpoint is called the vertex of the angle. B is the
vertex of ABC.
Ray BA and ray BC are called the arms of ABC.
Fact: We can also think of an angle formed by rotating one
ray away from its initial position.
To name an angle, we name any point on one ray, then the
vertex, and then any point on the other ray.
For example: ABC or CBA
We may also name this angle only by the single letter of the
vertex, for example B.
A
B
C
Naming An Angle
An angle divides the points on the plane into three regions:
A
B
C
F
R
P
T
X
Interior And Exterior Of An Angle
Points lying on the angle
(An angle)
Points within the angle
(Its interior portion. )
Points outside the angle
(Its exterior portion. )
Angles are accurately measured in degrees.
Protractor is used to measure and draw angles.
Measurement Of An Angle
There are four main types of angles.
Straight angle
Right angle
Acute angle
Obtuse angle
A
B
C
A
B
C
A
B
C
B A C
Types Of Angles
Right angle: An angle whose measure is 90 degrees.
Right Angle Acute Angle Straight Angle Obtuse Angle
Examples Of Right Angle
Obtuse angle: An angle whose measure is greater than 90
degrees.
Right Angle Acute Angle Straight Angle Obtuse Angle
Examples Of Obtuse Angle
Acute angle: An angle whose measure is less than 90
degrees.
Right Angle Acute Angle Straight Angle Obtuse Angle
Examples Of Acute Angle
Straight angle: An angle whose measure is 180 degrees.
Right Angle Acute Angle Straight Angle Obtuse Angle
Examples Of Straight Angle
A
B
C
D
E
F
P
Q R
Which of the angles below is a right angle, less than a right
angle and greater than a right angle?
Right angle
Greater than a right angle
Less than a right angle
1.
2.
3.
Two angles that have the same measure are called congruent
angles.
Congruent angles have the same size and shape.
A
B
C
30
0
D
E
F
30
0
D
E
F
30
0
Congruent Angles
Presented by
Sarita gangwar
Tgt maths
90
127
43
250
180
360
0
Vertically opposite angles
Complimentary angles
supplementary angles
Linear pairs of angles
Two angles that have a common vertex and a common ray &
whose interior donot overlap are called adjacent angles.
C
D
B
A
Common ray
Common vertex
Adjacent Angles ABD and DBC
Adjacent angles do not overlap each other.
D
E
F
A
B
C
ABC and DEF are not adjacent angles
Vertically Opposite Angles
Vertically opposite angles are pairs of angles formed by two
lines intersecting at a point.
APC = BPD
APB = CPD
A
D
B
C
P
Four angles are formed at the point of intersection.
Point of intersection P is the common vertex of the four
angles.
Vertically opposite angles are congruent.
If the sum of two angles is 90
0
, then they are called
complimentary angles.
60
0
A
B
C
30
0
D
E
F
ABC and DEF are complimentary because
60
0
+ 30
0
= 90
0

ABC + DEF
Complimentary Angles
70
0
D
E
F
30
0
p
Q
R
If the sum of two angles is more than 90
0
or less than 90
0
,
then they not complimentary angles.
DEF and PQR are not complimentary because
70
0
+ 30
0
= 100
0

DEF + PQR
Contd.
If the sum of two angles is 180
0
then they are called
supplementary angles.
PQR and ABC are supplementary, because
100
0
+ 80
0
= 180
0

R
Q
P
A
B
C
100
0
80
0
PQR + ABC
Supplementary Angles
If the sum of two angles is more than 180
0
or less than 180
0
,
then they are not supplementary angles.
DEF and PQR are not supplementary because
ABC + DEF
110
0
+ 80
0
= 190
0

D
E
F
80
0
C
B
A
110
0
Contd.
Two adjacent supplementary angles are called linear pair
of angles.
A
60
0
120
0
P C
D
60
0
+ 120
0
= 180
0

APC + APD
Linear Pair Of Angles
Name the adjacent angles and linear pair of angles in the
given figure:
ABD and DBC
ABE and DBA

Linear pair of angles:
EBA, ABC
C
D
B
A
E
60
0
30
0
90
0
EBD, DBC
C
D
B
A
E
60
0
30
0
90
0
Name the vertically opposite angles and adjacent angles in
the given figure:
A
D
B
C
P
Vertically opposite angles: APC and BPD
APB and CPD
Adjacent angles: APC and CPD
APB and BPD
80
40
67
Find the value of x
55
X+10
From the given figure find x,y,z
60
x
y
z
A line that intersects two or more lines at different points is
called a transversal.
Line L (transversal)
B A
Line M
Line N
D
C
P
Q
G
F
Pairs Of Angles Formed by a Transversal
With two parallel lines
Line M and line N are parallel lines.
Line L intersects line M and line N at point P and Q.
Four angles are formed at point P and another four at point
Q by the transversal L.
Eight angles are formed in all by the transversal L.
Pairs Of Angles Formed by a Transversal
Corresponding angles
Alternate angles
co Interior angles
Corresponding Angles
When two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, pairs of
corresponding angles are formed.
Four pairs of corresponding angles are formed.
Corresponding pairs of angles are congruent.
GPB = PQE
GPA = PQD
BPQ = EQF
APQ = DQF
Line M
B A
Line N
D E
L
P
Q
G
F
Line L
Alternate Angles
Alternate interior angles are formed on opposite sides of the
transversal and at different intersecting points.
Line M
B A
Line N
D E
L
P
Q
G
F
Line L
BPQ = DQP
APQ = EQP
Pairs of alternate angles are congruent.
Two pairs of alternate interior angles are formed.
The interior angles lie on the same side of transveral lines ,
are called co interior angles.
A pair of interior angles lie on the same side of the
transversal.
The measures of interior angles in each pair add up to 180
0
.
Interior Angles
Line M
B A
Line N
D E
L
P
Q
G
F
Line L
60
0
120
0
120
0
60
0
BPQ + EQP = 180
0
APQ + DQP = 180
0
Name the pairs of the following angles formed by a
transversal.
Line M
B
A
Line N
D E
P
Q
G
F
Line L
Line M
B
A
Line N
D E
P
Q
G
F
Line L
Line M
B A
Line N
D E
P
Q
G
F
Line L
50
0
130
0
THANKS