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PREVENTIVE CARE IN ELDERLY

To prevent disability and maintenance of


functions
Sharon Gondodiputro dr., MARS.,MH
Dept. Of Public Health Faculty of Medicine
Unpad

PREVENTIVE CARE IN ELDERLY
To prevent disability and maintenance of
function .> quality of life (physical, mental,
social, economy)
Sharon Gondodiputro dr., MARS.,MH
Dept. Of Public Health Faculty of Medicine
Unpad

Pendekatan Wellness
1. Fisik : menjaga kesehatan fisik: quality of life : makanan yang
baik, olahraga teratur, perawatan kesehatan dan
menggunakan pelayanan kesehatan yang sesuai

2. Emosional: mampu mnegekpresikan perasaan dan dapat
menerima perasaan orang lain dan positive thinking

3. Intelektual: melalui pendidikan formal atau informal, serta
kegiatan kognitif : membaca, menulis, melukis
4. Sosial: berkontribusi terhadap lingkungan dan masyarakat,
mampu hidup berdampingan secara harmonis dengan
sesama

5. Vokasional: mampu memberdayakan diri dalam berbagai
aktivitas, baik secara relawan maupun pekerjaan yang
membuahkan penghasilan atau kepuasan

6. Spiritual: mampu menghargai dan mensyukuri hidup dan
kehidupan

Pembagian umur lansia?

No 45-59 Years (PRE SENIUM)
1
Physical
They should know the consequences
because of aging
Periodically health examination
Physical activity
Nutrition
2
Mental/Spiritual/Emotional
Ready to face process of aging
3
Social
Emptynest to retirement
Hobbies development
4
Economy/Vocational
Maybe still work ...... > savings
No 60-70 Years
1
Physical
Periodically health examination
Physical activity
Nutrition
Aids devices
2
Mental/Spiritual/Emotional
Mental status assessment
3
Social
Emptynest, retirement, death of
spouses
Social activities : hobbies, community
4
Economy/Vocational
Savings or dependent to their children

No > 70 Years
1
Physical
Periodically health examination
Physical activity
Nutrition
Aids devices
Care givers ??? Home environment
assessment ??
2
Mental/Spiritual/Emoti
onal
Mental status assessment

3
Social
Emptynest, retirement, death of spouses
Social activities : hobbies, community
4
Economy/Vocational
Savings????

GUIDING through the intricacies of the health care
delivery system (technological procedures)
COORDINATING with multidisciplinary teams
ADVOCATING choice
CONSULTING decision making process
COLLABORATING with family caregivers
SUPPORTING the patient and family caregivers
especially in the situations where care givers is labor
intensive and demanding
ROLES OF CLINICIANS
How and where to care our older people ????
How and where to care our older people ????
OUR HOME ???? NURSING
HOME/panti werdha
?
HOSPITAL ?
CARE GIVER
ENVIRONMENTAL
ASSESSMENT
IS THERE ANY???
IF NOT ?????
COSTLY
COMMUNITY BASED
HOSPITAL BASED
Community approach for elderly
POSBINDU (Pos Pembinaan Terpadu )
or Posyandu Lansia
POSBINDU
Definition
Suatu wadah pelayanan kepada lanjut usia di masyarakat,
yang proses pembentukan dan pelaksanaannya dilakukan
oleh masyarakat bersama LSM, lintas sektor pemerintah
dan non pemerintah, dengan menitik beratkan pada upaya
preventif dan promotif.
Kegiatan
1. Kegiatan pengukuran berat badan, tinggi
badan (BMI)
2. Kegiatan pemeriksaan tekanan darah
3. Kegiatan pemeriksaan kadar HB, gula darah
dan kolesterol darah ( 6 bulan sekali)
4. Kegiatan konseling dan penyuluhan kesehatan,
gizi
5. Konseling usaha ekonomi produktif
6. Kegiatan aktivitas fisik/senam seminggu sekali
Proses Kegiatan
Posbindu
Registrasi dan
pencatatan oleh
kader
Tinggi badan,
berat badan
(BMI)
Pengukuran
tekanan darah,
lab sederhana,
terapi
Konseling
individu
Informasi dan kegiatan
sosial
Sambil menunggu giliran
dilakukan penyuluhan
kelompok
Enter
Exit
1
2
3
4
5
Predictors of caregiver burden
THE PATIENT
is demented and/or disruptive
is highly dependent on the caregiver
Predictors of caregiver burden
THE CAREGIVER
feels guilty about anger and resentment
toward the patient
had a conflictual relationship with the patient
before the illness
does not understand much about the
patients condition
has his/her own illness and/or disability
is depressed, isolated or lonely
has poor relationhips with other family
members
has little personal time away from caregiving
Predictors of caregiver burden
THE FAMILY
denies the patients diagnosis
leaves most of the caregiving to
one person
is in conflict
has few financial resources
has conflictual relationship with the
medical providers
Predictors of caregiver burden
THE CLINICIAN
??
??
??