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TYPE OF QUADRILATERAL

A quadrilateral is two-dimensional shae


with !our side and !our an"les#

A quadrilateral with $oth airs o! oosite


sides arallel is %alled a arallelo"ram#
A arallelo"ram has two airs o! equal
sides#

There are three se%ial t&es o!


arallelo"ram



Question

'ame the quadrilateral that remains when


the two equal ri"ht-an"led trian"les
(shaded) are %ut o!! this re%tan"le#

*olution

The quadrilateral that remains has +ust


one air o! arallel sides and

so is not a arallelo"ram#

It is a trae,ium#

-e%ause the non-arallel sides are


equal. it is an isosceles trapezium#

Question /

'ame ea%h o! the !ollowin" quadrilaterals0



*olution
a re%tan"le
b trae,ium
c 1ite
d square
e rhom$us
f arallelo"ram
g trae,ium
h quadrilateral

Question 2

'ame ea%h o! the quadrilaterals des%ri$ed


in this ta$le#

*olution
a square
b trae,ium
c rhom$us
d quadrilateral

Question
Onl& art o! the %omlete des%rition is "i3en !or
ea%h o! the !ollowin" quadrilaterals# List all o! the
quadrilaterals that %ould $e des%ri$ed in ea%h o!
these wa&s#
a A quadrilateral that has !our equal sides#
b A quadrilateral that has two airs o! equal sides#
c A quadrilateral that has two airs o! arallel
sides#
d A quadrilateral that has one air o! arallel sides
and one air o! equal sides#

*olution
a square. rhom$us
b re%tan"le. arallelo"ram. 1ite
c re%tan"le. arallelo"ram. square. rhom$us
d isos%eles trae,ium

Question
On a sheet o! "rid aer lot ea%h o! these sets o! oints.
and name the quadrilateral !ormed ea%h time#
a A-4D where A (/. 2). - (5. 6). 4 (7. 6) and D (8. 2)
b 9Y:; where 9 (<. <). Y (/. 6). : (=. 8) and ; (5. /)
c >'OP where > (/. /). ' (5. 6). P (8. 6) and Q (7. /)
d R*TU where R (/. ?). * (=. <). T (8. ?) and U (=. /<)
e EF@A where E (<. ?). F (5. 8). @ (6. ?) and A (5. /)

*olution


The angle sums of quadrilaterals
The !our an"les inside a quadrilateral add
u to 56<B# A"ain this %an $e shown $&
uttin" the 3erti%es o! the an"les to"ether#

Question

Find the si,e o! mB in this !i"ure#



*olution
The an"le sum o! a quadrilateral is 56<B#
*o0
mB C 7<B C /2<B C D<B E 56<B
mB C 27<B E 56<B
mB E 8<B

Question

;ithout usin" a rotra%tor. !ind the si,es


o! the mar1ed an"les in ea%h o! the
!ollowin" shaes0

*olution
a xB E 5<B. yB E 5?B. zB E /<?B
b xB E 5<B. yB E //?B. zBE 6?B
c xB EyB E 6?B. zBE 2?B
d xB E 8?B. yB E /<?B
e xB E yB E zB E wBE =?B
f xB E yB E zB E 6<B

Question

!ind the si,es o! the mar1ed an"les in


ea%h o! the !ollowin" shaes#

*olution
a xB E ??B. yBE 8<B
b xBE D<B. yB E D<B
c xB E ?<B. yB E ??B. zB E =<B
d xB E 5?B. yB E ?<B. zBE 2?B. wB E /??B