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INTRODUCTION
EXAMPLE
• Pro-eng
• Catia
• Delcam
• Master cam
CAD/CAM
It is a technology concerned with the use
of digital computers to perform certain
function in digital computer to perform
certain function in designing and production.
This technology is growing indirection of
greater integration of designing and
manufacturing with have traditionally being
treated as distinct & separate function in a
production firm.
DESIGN PROCESS
• Recognition ofof need
• Definition
Definitionofofproblem
problem
 Analysis and optimization
Analysis and optimization
• Evaluation
Evaluation
• Presentation
• Presentation
Reorganization
of need

Definition
of problem

Synthesis

Analysis &
Optimization

Evaluation

Presentation

Dig:- The general design process as defined by Shigley[15]


CAD
CAD means a design process using
sophisticated computer graphics,
backed with computer software
packages to aid analysis and costing
associated with design work.
PHASES OF CAD
• Geometrical modeling.
• Engineering analysis.
• Design review.
• Evaluation.
• Automated drafting & presentation.
GEOMETRICAL MODELLING

It is a model of a product by which


we come to know about the
geometrical of product.
ENGINEERING ANALYSIS

Depending upon the application of


product, the product is analyzed
before it actually manufactured for
stress, strain etc.
DESIGN REVIEW
Once a design is made and in future it
is requires some modification in same
design then no need to go for a new
design from scratch. We can review
the previous design.
EVALUATION

Cost of the product is evaluated


before it is manufacturing.
AUTOMATED DRAFTING
AND PRESENTATION
Once the design is made, it is
represented on a drawing sheet. So
that it can be understood by everyone
from design engineer to operator. So
to manufacture it.
(Dig: model design by CAD software)
BENEFITS OF CAD
 Faster rate of production drawing.
 Greater accuracy of drawing.
 Neater drawing.
 No repetition of drawing.
 Special drafting techniques not
available in conventional drafting.
 Quicker design calculation and analysis
with a given input or charge in input.
 Integration of design with other
disciplines.
CAD COMPUTERS

 Micro
 Mini
 Mainframe &
 Super computer
INPUT AND OUTPUT
DEVICES
FOR CAD
INPUT DEVICES
OUTPUT DEVICES: :
• LCD
Light(liquid
pen crystal display)
•• Laser printers
Joysticks
• Inkjet printer
• Mouse
• Dot-matrix printer
• Trackball
• Plotters
• Tablet
CAM
CAM is basically known as computer
aided manufacturing. The machining of
a part is fully control by computer
system. When irregular shape or
complex profile is needed to be
machined and this is not possible by
manually are machined with the help
of CAM.
Picture of CNC Machine
EXAMPLE

(Dig: model made with out CAM software)


(Dig: model by CAM programs)
CAM SOFTWARE
 Del CAM

 Master CAM

 Edge CAM
BENEFITS OF CAM
• Higher production rate with lower
work force.
• Less likelihood of human error.
• Increase in manufacturing efficiency
• Repeatability of production process
via storage of data
• Analysis of deficiency to take
correct measure
• Better production control
DISADVANTAGES