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ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (2)

By the end of the lesson you will be better able to:

  • Identify between adjective clauses with subject relative pronouns and adjective clauses with object relative pronouns

Key points explained

An adjective clause (also relative clause) starts with a relative pronoun

The two common relative pronouns are:

that and who

Key points explained • An adjective clause (also relative clause ) starts with a relative pronoun

things

people

A relative pronoun can be the subject or the object of an adjective clause

Relative pronouns

relative

   

pronoun

use

example

who

subject or object pronoun for people

  • I told you about the

woman who lives next door.

which (1)

subject or object pronoun for animals and things

Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof?

which (2)

referring to a whole sentence

He couldn’t read which surprised me.

whose

possession for people animals and

Do you know the

things

boy whose mother is a nurse?

whom

object pronoun for people

  • I was invited by the

professor whom I met at the

conference.

that

subject or object pronoun for people,

  • I don’t like the

animals and things

table that stands in the kitchen.

Key concepts explained

Subject: a noun, noun phrase or pronoun representing the person or thing that performs the action of the verb (I in I sat down.), or about which something is stated (the house in the house is very old).

Key concepts explained (2)

Object: a noun, noun phrase or pronoun that refers to a person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb (called the DIRECT OBJECT), or that the action is done to or for (called the INDIRECT OBJECT)

In ‘I met him in town’, the word himis the direct object In ‘Give him the money’, ‘himis the indirect object and moneyis the direct object.

Let’s see the difference

I took a course that takes 6 months subject

Let’s see the difference • I took a course that takes 6 months subject • This
• This is the course that I took object subject
• This is the course that
I
took
object subject

adjective clauses with subject relative pronouns

He is the teacher who speaks three foreign languages

adjective clauses with subject relative pronouns • He is the teacher who speaks three foreign languages

subject

object

adjective clauses with object relative pronouns

He is the teacher who(m) I met yesterday.

adjective clauses with object relative pronouns • He is the teacher who (m) I met yesterday.

object

subject

We can omit the relative pronoun if we want to, so:

He is the teacher I met yesterday

  • (NO relative pronoun is OK) (the relative is

optional)

Still clueless??

You can, however, distinguish them as follows:

If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun. Subject pronouns must always be used.

the apple that is lying on the table

If the relative pronoun is not followed by a verb (but by a noun or pronoun), the relative pronoun is an object pronoun. Object pronouns can be dropped in defining relative clauses, which are then called Contact Clauses.

the apple (that) George lay on the table

More relative pronouns: ‘whose

Whoseis always the subject of an adjective clause. It cannot be omitted. It replaces a possessive. It can be for both people or things

Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives

People: The man is coming tonight. His car is a Mercedes.

The man whose car is a Mercedes is coming tonight

Things: The house belongs to me. Its roof is very old

The house whose roof is very old belongs to me

Relative Adverbs

A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand.

This is the shop in which I bought my bike. → This is the shop where I bought my bike.

relative

     

adverb

meaning

use

example

where

in/at which

refers to a place

the place where we met him

ADA 5 & ADA 6

Page 79 letter D Page 83 letters C,D

HOMEWORK

Page W35 Lesson 3 Page W36 and W37 Lesson 4

‘Integradora’ next Wednesday

Find information about a holiday/festival/ etc. that is celebrated in a different country

Include the following information: name of the holiday, where it is celebrated (country), when (date),

a description of the holiday, traditional food/drink,

traditional dress, and how people commemorate that holiday

You are going to work in pairs

Bring your materials (posters, markers, pictures, scissors, glue, etc.)