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Among the greatest of all services that can be

rendered by men to Almighty God,

is the education and
training of children

Henry Von Dyke has said about
teachers and teaching Ah!
1.There you have the worst paid
and the best rewarded of
2. Do not enter it unless you love
3.For the vast majority of men and
women it has no promise of
wealth and fame, but ????????
The teacher is the yardstick that
measures the achievements and
aspirations of the nation.
The worth and potentialities of a
country get evaluated in and through the
work of the teacher,
The people of a country are the
enlarged replica of their teacher.
They are the real nation builders.

It needs no description that the teacher is the pivot
of any educational system of the younger students.
On him rests the failure or the success of the
If the teachers are well educated and if they are
intellectually alive and take keen interest in their
job, then only, success is ensured.
But, if on the other hand, they lack training in
education and if they cannot give their heart to
their profession, the system is destined to fail.
Hence, the teacher is another vital component of
the school.

The teacher is a dynamic force of the school.
A school without teacher is just like a body without
the soul, a skeleton without flesh and blood, a
shadow without substance.
There is no greater need for the cause of
education today than the need for strong manly
men and motherly women as teachers for the
As social engineers, the teachers can socialize and
humanize the young by their man-like qualities


Help us, O Lord to penetrate into the
secret of the child, so that we may
know him, love him and serve him
according to your laws of justice and
following your divine will
By Maria Montessori


East or West
Our teacher is the best
She is our best guide
She helps us to decide
She tells us the right path
When we are in trouble
She is a book of wisdom
Which gives us knowledge
Shes a burning candle
Which gives us light
All in all
Shes the best of all


A Teacher is the image of Brahma

The teacher is a Brahma, the creator, he is God
Vishnu, he is God Maheshwar. He is entire universe,
salutations to him. --
Indian Prayer

The true teacher is he who can
immediately come down to the
level of the student, transfer his
soul to the students soul and see
through and understand through
his mind.
Such a teacher can really teach
and none else
Swami Vivekananda

The teachers place in society is
of vital importance.
He acts as the pivot for the
transmission of intellectual
traditions and technical skills from
generation to generation and
helps to keep the lamp of
civilization burning
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

A teacher can never truly teach unless
he is still learning himself.
A lamp can never light another lamp
unless it continues to burn its own flame.
The teacher who has come to the end of
his subject, who has no living traffic with
his knowledge, but merely repeats his
lessons to his students can only load their
He can not quicken them --
Every teacher and educationist
of experience knows that even the
best curriculum and the most
perfect syllabus remains dead
unless quickened in to life by the
right method of teaching and the
right kind of teachers. -- Secondary
Education Commission

The Teacher is the real
maker of history.
H.G. Wells
The teacher is the
maker of man.
Sir John Adams

Excellence coupled with equity and
social justice.
You need to achieve the objective of excellence coupled
with equity and social justice by way of imparting
quality education to all students without any
discrimination between cast, creed, sex, religion and
race so that they become physically fit, mentally alert,
emotionally balanced and spiritually sound.
Teachers are required to understand the need of every
child for material education, education for becoming
good human being and for divine education so that
they can face the realities of life in the new millennium.
National Integration
Today, promotion of patriotism and education
for national integration has become the need
of the hour. Our foremost duty is to provide
education in such a way so that the students
can live and learn together and develop their
full potentials.

International Understanding
We need to apprise the students that India
needs a new race of man, a just world, a
united world and a peaceful world.
The present circumstances at international
level compell us for proper international
understanding by fostering the principle of
Live & Let Live.

Good quality modern education.
Teachers need to work for good quality
education to transform the students into self
reliance and self assured citizen of the world.
This can be achieved by successful curriculum
transaction with modern mathematics and
educational technology together with strong
component of culture, inculcation of values,
awareness of the environment, adventure
activities and physical education.

Reasonable level of competence in
three languages
Knowledge and skill in languages
fosters intelligence in the learners.
As such, we should make an effort to
attain a reasonable level of
competence in minimum three
languages as envisaged in the Three
Language Formula.

The Paradoxical Commandments :

1) People are logical, unreasonable and self entered.
Love them any way.
2) If you do good, people will accuse you of selfish ulterior
motives. Do good any way.
3) If you are successful, you will win false friends and true
enemies. Succeed anyway.
4)The good you do today will be forgotten tomorrow.
Do good anyway.
5) Honesty and frankness make you vulnerable.
Be honest and frank anyway.
6)The biggest men and women with the biggest ideas can be
shot down by the smallest men and women with the smallest
Think big anyway.

7)People favor underdogs but follow only top
Fight for a few underdogs always.
8) What you spend years building may be
destroyed overnight.
Build anyway.
9) People really need help but may attack you
if you do. Help then.
Help people anyway.
10)Give the world the best you have or youll get
kicked in the teeth.
Give the world the best you
have anyway.

Essential Qualities
A Teacher

1) Teacher as a Role Model :
Role Models are people who set good examples by the words
they speak and by the actions they take.
Role Models can be the people you know personally or
people you have learned about in the news at school or on
Students tend to copy the behaviour and mannerism of the
The teachers entire personality is a reflection on the minds of
the students.
If the teacher is honest, leads a balanced and disciplined life,
the children adopt these virtues as a ideal conduct
The ideal teacher s one who through his thoughts, words and
deeds, gives and an impression of an honest upright life
which can serve as a model for the students to copy, follow
and emulate.

2) Teachers Character
A flower in bloom is loved by all and in this lies its
glory. Similarly, man may be viewed as having achieved
everything in life when he becomes perfect in
If the best flowers among mankind take to teaching,
society is abundantly enriched, their fragrance and
beauty are then made the best use of.
If the teacher becomes an embodiment of right
conduct in thought, word and deed, the students by
their association will learn virtue and develop manly
They can be humanized and can live and act like normal
human beings. They can become thoughtful,
concerned and courageous.

3) Teachers Personality
Every teacher must have a good personality.
Radiant, pleasing and impressive personal appearance,
refinement, pleasant manners, industry, enthusiasm,
drive, initiative, open mindedness etc., are some of the
essential traits of an ideal teacher.
External appearance has a psychological effect upon
the students.
By attractive appearance, he/she can win the love and
affection of his students and can command respect.
He/she should be frank, tolerant, kind, fair and straight-
forward so that he/she can stimulate learning.

4) Personality Traits

Self confidence . self respect
Healthy and Energetic .High Intellect
Good character .Sense of
Optimistic .Democratic
Fair and Justice .Punctuality
Sympathy . Empathy
Excellent Appearance .Enthusiasm
Industriousness .Sociability

5) Personal Values
Love .NonViolence
Dialogue .Dutifulness
Brotherhood .Patience
Forgiveness .Courtesy
Repentance .Thrift
Sharing .Magnanimity
Service .Sports manliness
Team Spirit .Loyalty
Responsibility .Gratitude
Accountability .Tolerance
Sympathy .Freedom
Justice . Determination
Hospitality .Coordination

6) Teachers Mental Health
We speak of education as a lamp lighting another lamp, one
life making another life and a spirit speaking to another
We can achieve this objective, if the teachers have good
mental health.
Students develop interest in those subjects, which are taught
by pleasing and genial teachers.
The teacher makes the emotional atmosphere in the
A neurotic teacher may spread fear, nervousness and worry
in the classroom.
A fanatic-teacher may spread hatred, prejudice and hostile
feelings among the students.
If he has a good mental health, he can create love, interest
and enthusiasm for learning and a taste in the subject he

7) Teachers Physical Health

A teacher should possess a sound body
along with a sound mind.
He should have a sound physical health,
physical energy, vitality and he should be
free from physical defects.
This will make him alert, cheerful, happy,
dynamic and enthusiastic.
He can maintain emotional stability.

8)Teachers Social Adjustment

Sociability is another important quality of a teacher.
He should have a sound social philosophy and he should
make his best contribution to the society.
He should know how to adjust himself to the social
surroundings in which he lives.
He should not be quiet, retreating and introverted.
He should be free from worry, anxiety and thinking and
feeling about himself.
He should mix well in society to have a large body of friends
and to take a helpful interest in his neighbours.
Normal social life outside the school will go a long way to
give him happy social adjustments.

9) Social Values

Respect for elders
Good Manners
Sense of Competition
Positive Approach
Self Reliance
Self Evaluation

10)Teachers Professional Efficiency

The teacher must possess a strong sense of
vocation and true devotion towards teaching.
He should have a genuine love for his calling.
For his professional efficiency, he should have
knowledge of psychology, educational philosophy,
aims, contents, methods and materials of
instruction, skill and interest in teaching.
He must possess a fair knowledge of current affairs
about his own country and other countries of the

11)Teachers Academic Achievements

A teacher should possess knowledge
of the fundamentals of the subjects
he teaches.
He should have a sound academic
and cultural background.

12)Teachers Professional Training

The teacher must have the required
professional training; without which he will
commit serious pedagogical blunders.
Prof. Monteque in his book, Education and
Human Relations. Asserts that, No one
should ever be permitted to become a teacher
of the young unless by temperament,
attitudes and training, he is fitted to do so.
13)Teachers Accountability

Lessinger advocates that each child has a right to
be educated in order to become a productive citizen
of a country.
The parents and the citizen have a right to know the
progress of education of their children.
Teachers, being the educational or human
engineers are accountable for the progress of the
children they teach.
Because of this, the National Policy on Education
1986, in India, has made this concept very popular.
Mass education in India appears to be in a degrading
Education imparted by some teachers is far from
Majority of the students lack fundamental knowledge
in different areas of education.
Such teachers
They are involved in private tuition and coaching
centres to get some remuneration.
Many parents cannot educate their children in costly
public schools.
Commitment on the part of the teachers have been
reduced to a great extent.
Therefore, there is a need to make the teachers aware
of their accountability to their profession.
Since a teachers accountability is very important
in modern teaching-learning process, the
accountability of the teachers should be evaluated
at frequent intervals.
There must be proper supervision of their work.
The supervisor should see how far the teachers are
accountable in respect of teaching, research, co-
curricular activities, use of aids and equipments in
the classroom, utilization of local resources for the
benefit of the students and development of
students moral and ethical values.
Thus, the degrading condition of education in our
country can be checked.

14)Professional Ethics of Teachers

Teachers who consider their job as a profession, work only for
pay cheque.
Their work is considered useful for their own sake.
Since perchance they have occupied a professional chair they
try for their own good, at the cost of others.
But our cultural heritage proves that true teachers are those
who consider their job as honourable .
Such teachers work with a sense of self-fulfilment and self-
Prof. George Herbet Palmer once rightly said, If Harvard
does not pay me to teach, I would gladly pay Harvard for the
privilege of teaching.
This should be the professional value of an Indian teacher.
n ideal teacher should not work with pecuniary motives, but
with a sense of education and for the cause of education.

15)Towards Students

It shall be our primary duty to understand
them, to be just, courteous, to promote a
spirit of enquiry, fellowship and joy in them,
not to do or say anything that would
undermine their personality,
not to exploit them for personal interests and
to set before them a high standard of
character, discipline and personality.

16)Towards Profession

It shall be our primary duty to be sincere and
honest to our work and to go thoroughly prepared
to the class, to endeavour to maintain our efficiency
by study and other means;
not to do or say anything which may lower our
prestige in the eyes of our students;
not to write or encourage the use of help books;
not to exert any pressure upon our students or their
parents to engage private tuition,
not to act as an agent or accept commission and
other compensation for recommending books.

17) Towards Society

It shall be our primary duty to set an example in
to endeavour to promote the public good,
to uphold the dignity of our calling on all occasions,
to size up the demands and aspirations of the
to be dynamic leaders when required and to be
ideal followers when desired.

18) Teachers Union

Teachers union can also play a very significant role in
creating an atmosphere in which shirkers and other
people with doubtful intentions may not find a
congenial environment.
Unions should create a public opinion which should
serve as an adequate sanction against such unsocial
Now, teachers unions are merely used as a forum for
ventilating their grievances and otherwise trying to
promote service conditions.
In addition, these unions should also take steps which
may help the teachers in projecting their proper image
among the people.
A Teacher

i)Safety and Security of Students

Tell students about purpose of education in the
Build one to one relationship with students
Take-up Personality Development Programmes.
Know everything about your students
Make students aware of realities of life
Inspire students to face problems with braveness
Apprise students about probable dangers and
hazards in and around school campus
Provide your students psychological therapy

ii) Teaching

Giving feedbacks

iii)Promotion of Creative Teaching :
Innovation in Education

iv)Teaching as a Pleasurable Activity

Working with small groups
Designing Instructional Units
Love for subject matter
Organizing students
All such activities can provide
deepest satisfaction in and from the
act of applying their craft.
v)Teaching as Social Service

It is like a nursing
It contributes to the lives of others
Decision to teach is deeper than a
love for subject matter.
People have attraction to the life of
vi) Teachers Diary
Teachers Diary is a sort of record of his day-to-day
It may show him what he has done, what he is
doing and what he plans to do in the future.
No elaborate lesson plans are to be written in the
diary, abstracts and brief outlines are sufficient.
In the beginning of a year, the teacher may draw
the blueprints of his early work.
Schedules of the syllabus to be covered term-wise
and month-wise etc. may be prepared in each
subject he has to teach.

Blueprint of yearly work
Schedule of syllabus
Abstracts and outlines of the lesion
Weekly programmes
Academic Records
Records of Unit Tests
List of students who need special care
Records of day-to-day activities

Besides the above, the Teachers Diary should
consist of :
Weekly programmes as shown in the school time
Other extra mural duties assigned to the teacher.
Brief record what he has done from time to time.
Entry of home work assigned to students
Names of students he teaches class-wise
Academic records of students
Peculiarities of class or of individual students
Remarks about daily or weekly work
Records of class tests

The teachers diary is his helpful guide.
It will enable him to keep a personal contact
with his work, maintaining an active interest
in his activities and remind him of his
shortcomings, draw-backs, etc.
The worth of a diary lies in the regularity with
which it is filled and the use to which it is put
and also the inspiration which it may give to
the teacher to be on his track and to miss his
aim and scheduled targets.

The Principal should occasionally check
the diaries and give useful comments
orally, if he feels the need.
His matured experience will go a long
way in making the Teachers Diary really
worthwhile documents.
Printed blank diaries are available but it
matters little if the teacher is serious in
his work
School Activities

Extra Curricular
a. Personal Guidance
b. Career Counselling
c. Community Service

Conduct of School Activities

Mess Duties
Upkeeping of Dining Hall/Kitchen and Store
Health and Hygiene of Mess
Washing and placement of utensils
Procurement of ration
Preparation and cooking of food
Seating arrangement/servicing of food
Discipline in Dining Hall
Arrangement of light music
Recycling of waste food

Other Duties

Building Relations
As assigned from time to