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SPM 2013
PAPER 1
THE LAST REVISION

PAPER 1

1. Diagram shows part of the relation f(x)
State
(a) the type of
the relation,
(b) the range.

(a) Many-to-one
(b) f(x) -3

x
f(x)
f(x) = (x 2)
2
3
(2, -3)
.
1
1
2. Given the function f(x) = 3 x, g(x) = px
2
q and
gf(x) = 3x
2
18x + 5. Find

(a) the value of p and q.
(b) gf(- 2).
(a) gf(x) = p(3 x)
2
q
= px
2
6px + 9p q
Compare to 3x
2
18x + 5
p = 3, 9p q = 5 9(3) q = 5
q = 22
(b) f(-2) = 3 (2) = 5 gf(- 2) = g(5) = 3(5)
2
22
= 53
OR gf (-2) = 3(-2)
2
18(-2) + 5 = 53
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2
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2 Both correct
3. A function g is defined as g(x) = 7x 4. Find
(a) g
-
1,
(b) the value of h if g
-1
(h) = 2

(a) g
-1
=

(b) g
-1
(h) = =

h = 10

x + 4
7
Using the principle:
ax + b
c
cx b
a
=
1
h + 4
7
2
2
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4. A quadratic equation with roots p and q is
x
2
+ mx + m = 0 where p, q and m are constants.
Express p in terms of q.

(x p) (x q) = 0
x
2
(p + q) x + pq = 0
Compare to x
2
+ mx + m = 0
(p + q ) = m and pq = m

pq = (p + q) pq + p = q

p =

q
1 + q
3
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M2
OR:
Use SOR/POR
method:

SOR = p + q
POR = pq
5. Find the range of values of x for 4x
2
3 4x

4x
2
+ 4x 3 0
Let 4x
2
+ 4x 3 = 0
(2x 1) (2x + 3) = 0
x = ; x = 2 ?

x 2 ; x

- 2
x
a = 4 > 0 minimum graph
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M2
3
M2
6. Diagram shows the graph of a quadratic function
y = f(x). The straight line y = 15 is a tangent of the
curve y = f(x).

(a) State the equation of the axis of symmetry of the
curve.
(b) Express f(x) in the form of (x + p)
2
+ q, where p
and q are constants.

(a) x =

x = 2

(b) (x 2) 15
q = 15
y = 15

x
2 6
y = f(x)
y
2 + 6
2
(x + p) + q
x + p = 0 x = p (axis of symmetry)
q = optimum value (either minimum or
maximum based on the graph)
the mid-point of the two
points on the curve that
intersect at x-axis
2
2
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0
7. Solve the equation: 16
x
=

2
4(x)
=

2
4x
= 2 [2
3(2 x)
]

2
4x
= 2
1 6 + 3x

4x = 5 + 3x
x = 5

2
8
2 x

2
2
3(2 x)

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M2
3
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Use the concept of the rules of
equation of indices
8. Solve the equation: 2 log
x
4 + log
x
8 = 7

log
x
4
2
+ log
x
8 = 7

log
x
16(8) = 7 OR log
x
16(8) = log
x
x
7

128 = x
7

2
7
= x
7
OR 2
7
=

(
1
/
x
)
7

( )
7
=

x
7

x =

Use the concept of the rules of
equation of logarithms.
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M2
3
Converting log to indices
9. The n
th
term of an arithmetic progression is given by
T
n
= 12 3n. Find the common difference of the
progression.

a = T
1
= 12 3(1)
= 9
T
2

= 12 3(2)
= 6

d = T
2

a
= 6 9
= 3

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3
M2
10. Given that 12, 6, 3 is a geometric progression, find
the sum of the first 7 terms after the 3
th.
term of the
progression

a = 12
r =
S
7*
= S
10
S
3

12 [1 ( )
10
] 12 [1 ( )
3
]

= 2.977

1 1
=
OR:

T
4
= 12 ( )
3
= 12/8
S
7*
= (12/8) [1 ( )
7
]
= 2.977
S
7*
= Sum from T
4
to T
10
or
first 7 terms after the 3
rd.
term
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M2
3
11. Given 0.471 + 0.000471 + 0.000000471 + = -------
Find the value of k.

a = 0.471
r = 0.001

S

= =

=

k = 157
k
333
0.471
1 0.001
k
333
157
333
3
M2
M1
Use the concept of
the sum of infinity.
12. Diagram shows a circle with center O. The length of
minor arc AB is 4.8 cm and the angle of minor sector
Using = 3.142, find
(a) the value of ,
(b) the length, in cm, of the major arc AC.

(b)
AC (major)
= 2 (1 + 0.75)
S
AC (major)
= 6.4 ( 4.534 )
= 29.02 cm.

C
B
A
O
6.4
4.8
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1
2
13. Given that y = x
3
(3x + 1)
4
, find the value of
when x = 1.
dx

= (3x + 1)
4
3x
2
+ x
3
(4)(3x + 1)
3
(3)

x = 1; = [3(1) + 1]
4
3(1)
2
+

(1)
3
(4)[3(1) + 1]
3
(3)

= 144
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3
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dy
dx
dy
dy
dx
14. The variables x and y are related by the equation

y = . The diagram below shows the straight line graph

obtained by plotting log
10
y against x.

(a) Express the equation in its linear form used to obtain

the straight line graph as shown in the diagram.

(b) Find the value of p.

(a) log
10
y =log
10
p x log
10
3

(b) log
10
p =2

p =100

p

3
x

3
x

p
log
10
y

x
(0,2)
0
2
1
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15. Given that y =

(a) find the value of dy/dx, when x = 4 ,
(b) the approximate change in y when x increases
from 4 to 4.01
(a)

2x + 1
(x 3)
2

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2
, x = 3
(2x + 1) (2) (2) (x 3) (1) (x 3)
2

(x 3)
4

dy/dx =
[2(4) + 1] (2) (4 3) (1) (4 3)
2
(2)
(4 3)
4

=
=
16
15 (b) Continue...

(b) x = 4
x = 0.01
dy/dx = 16
y = dy/dx x x
y = 16 (0.01)
y = 0.16
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2
16. Given y = 5h i + (h 2) j is a non-zero vector and is
parallel to x-axis. Find the value of h.

5h i + (h 2) j = x i + 0 j
( parallel to x-axis, vertical component of the vector = 0 )

h 2 = 0
h = 2
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2
17. Diagram shows the position of the point A, B and C relative
to origin, O.
Given B(1, 8), OA = 7i + 2j and OC = AB.
Find in terms of i and j,
(a) OC,
(b) CB.

(a) AB = OA + OB
= (7 i + 2 j) + (i + 8 j)
= 6 i + 6 j
OC = 9/2 i + 9/2 j
(b) CB = OC + OB
= 9/2 i + 9/2 j + (i + 8 j)
= 11/2 i + 7/2 j
2
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2
O
y
x
. A
C .
. B
18. Diagram shows a unit circle. T (h, k) is a point on
the rotating ray of an angle . Find in terms of h, the
value of
(a) cos .
(b) sin 2.

(a) cos =

(b) sin 2 = 2 sin cos
= 2 (k) (p)
= 2pk
h
(-h, k)
O
y
x

1
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2
p
k
1

19. Given sin A = 3/5, cos B = 12/13. If both the angle A
and B are at the same quarter, find the value of
(a) sin (A + B),
(b) tan (A B)

(a) sin A cos B + cos A sin B
= (3/5) (12/13) + (4/5) (5/13)
= 56/65
tan A tan B

(3/4) (5/12)
A
5
3
4
5
12
13
B
1 + tan A tan B
(b)
1 + (3 /4) (5 /12)
= = 7/16
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2
2 M1
20. Point A lies on a curve y = 2x
4
x, find the
coordinates of point A where the gradient of the
normal at point A is -1/7.

dy/dx = m
t
= 8x
3
1
8x
3
1 = 7
8x
3
= 8
x = 1
y = 2(1)
4
1
= 1
A = ( 1, 1)
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3
21. The standard deviation of a set of six numbers is 15.
Given that the sum of square for the set of numbers is
144. Find the new mean when a member 10 is added
to this set.
N = 6

2
= 15
x
2
= 144 x = x (N)
= 3 (6) = 18
x
new
= 18 + 10

15 =
144
6
x
2

x
2
= 9
x

= 3
x
new
= 28/7 = 4
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M2
3
22. A set of positive integers consists of 6, 7, k, 1, 8, 3, 3.
(a) Find the value of k if the mean of the data is 5.
(b) State the range of the values of k if the median of
the data is k.

(a) 28 + k
7
= 5
k = 7
(b) 1, 3, 3, k, 6, 7, 8

3 k 6
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2
1
23. A Proton Wira can accommodate 1 driver and 3 adult.
Find the number of different ways the selection can
be made from 3 men and 4 women if,
(a) there are no restriction,
(b) the driver must be a man.

(a)
7
C
4

= 35

(b)
3
C
1
x
6
C
3

= 60

THE END

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