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MS Research Presentation

Design, Simulation & Economic Analysis of


Solar Powered Battery Charge Controller


Presented By: Hina (MS Student EE1302)

Supervised By: Prof. Dr. Khasan Karimov (Supervisor)
Dr. Adnan Noor (Co-Supervisor)
Dr. Muhammad Faisal Khan (Co-Supervisor)




ACHIEVEMENTS
Basic components required to produce electricity from the sun
are:

Solar Panels

Charge Controller

Battery

Inverter
Solar Electric System
To improve system performance, a controller can be added
between PV panel and battery.
Controller is usually DC-DC converter also termed as charge
controller.

Solar Powered Battery Charger
PV Panel
Solar Charge
Controller
Battery
Inverter
DC Load
AC Load
Typical PV System (Contd)
Solar Panel
Charge Controller
Battery
DC Lights
Solar Energy System
(a)
(b)
[1] Karimov, K.S.; Saqib, M.A.; Ahmed, M.M.; Turaev, M.A.; Majeed, W. A step-up DC-DC voltage converter using
capacitors as energy-storage elements, IEEE Proceeding 2003.
Fig. 1.(a) A Step-Up DC-DC Converter and (b) transformer driven circuit
Step-up DC-DC Converter
Block Diagram
Multisim File
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
0 5 10 15 20 25
V
L
/
V
s

Vs(V)

Relationship of V
L
/V
S
, P
L
and with Vs the input voltage.

Switching frequency f=1kHz and base-emitter voltage V
BE
=1V.

Numerical Experimental
(a)
Numerical & Experimental Results
0
5
10
15
0 5 10 15 20
P
L
(
W
)

Vs(V)
40
50
60
70
80
90
0 5 10 15 20 25


(
%
)

Vs(V)
(b)
(c)
Fig. 2.(a) Relationship of voltage gain (b) DC power in load (c)
efficiency as a function of supply voltage
(Contd)
PSIM File
Input DC source

Numerical Results
Fig.3: Load voltage and current w.r.t time
PSIM File
With Functional Module

0
10
20
30
40
Vo
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1
Ti me (s)
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
I(R1)
Fig.4: Load voltage and current w.r.t time
Numerical Results
PSIM File
0
10
20
30
40
Vo3
0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01
Ti me (s)
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
I(R10)
Numerical Results
Fig.5: Load voltage and current w.r.t time
Solar PV System Sizing
1: Determine power consumption demands
Total appliance use = 40W*5hrs
= 200Wh/day
Total PV panels energy needed = 200*1.3
= 260Wh/day
2: Size the PV modules
Total W
P
of PV panel capacity needed = 260/3.4 => 76.47 W
P

Number of PV panels needed = 76.47/40 => 1.9 modules
Actual requirements = 2 modules
3: Inverter sizing
Total Watt of all appliances = 40W
For safety, the inverter should be considered 25-30% bigger size
So the inverter size should be about = 25% *40+40= 50W or greater

4: Battery sizing
Total appliance use = 40W*5hrs/day => 200Wh/day
Nominal battery voltage = 12V
Days of autonomy = 3days
Battery capacity = Total appliances use*days of autonomy
DOD*Nominal voltage
DOD(depth of discharge) = 60% normally
Battery capacity = 200*3
0.6*12
= 83 Ampere Hour =>Total AH required = 100AH
So the battery should be rated 12V 100AH for 3 days autonomy
If DOD=30%
Then Battery capacity=200AH
(Contd)
Queries
Analytical, Numerical or Experimental??

For Simulation battery model not available in PSIM.

In case of experimental work required resources should be
provided.
THANK YOU