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Project layout :- Storm Rain Water Drainage System

In Bharuch City

Class :- 5
th
Sem Civil Engg.

Team Name :-

Team Leader :- Alpesh Mishra

Faculty incharge :- Mr. Kankuwala

College :- Shri K.J. Polytechnic


Enrollment No. Name Contact No.
086450306502 Mukesh Bhamre 8460583848
086450306515 Javid Diwan 9624677578
086450306519 Parth Joshi 9712697911
086450306528 Pradip Padiyar 9714159779
086450306537 Dipika Patel 9033840582
086450306547 Amit Sahu 9228108186

096450306501 Sahista Patel 8866777093
096450306503 Alpesh Mishra 8000611678
096450306504 Dhruv Bhavnagarwala 9328917922
096450306505 Sukesh Toli 9662377588
096450306506 Nadeem Pathan 8866495887
096450306510 Bipin Siroya 9033998892
096450306512 Farhan Bhola 9033905425
096450306513 Arjun More 9737116811

Introduction

Storm Water Pollution

Importance

Storm Water Management

Estimation Storm Water Run-off

Road Drainage

Collection of Rain Water
WHAT IS STORM WATER ?

Storm water is a term used to describe water that originates during precipitation
events. It may also be used to apply to water that originates with snowmelt or
runoff water from overwatering that enters the storm water system. Storm water
that does not soak into the ground becomes surface runoff, which either flows
directly into surface waterways or is channeled into storm sewers, which
eventually discharge to surface waters.
Storm water is of concern for two main issues:

one related to the volume and timing of runoff water (flood control and water
supplies), and

The other related to potential contaminants that the water is carrying, i.e. water
pollution.

A storm drainage system is a network of structures, channels and underground
pipes that carry storm water (rain water) to ponds, lakes, streams and rivers. The
network consists of both public and private systems


Because impervious surfaces (parking lots, roads, buildings, compacted
soil) do not allow rain to infiltrate into the ground, more runoff is generated than
in the undeveloped condition. This additional runoff can erode watercourses
(streams and rivers) as well as cause flooding when the storm water collection
system is overwhelmed by the additional flow. Because the water is flushed out
of the watershed during the storm event, little infiltrates the soil, replenishes
groundwater, or supplies stream base flow in dry weather.

Pollutants entering surface waters
during precipitation are termed as
polluted run off. Daily human
activities result in deposition of
pollutant on road, lawns , roofs,
farm fields.

. When it rains or there is irrigation, water runs off and ultimately makes its way
to a river, lake, or the ocean. While there is some attenuation of these pollutants
before entering the receiving waters, the quantity of human activity results in
large enough quantities of pollutants to impair these receiving waters. Polluted
runoff from roads and highways is the largest source of water pollution in coastal
areas today.
A Rainwater Drainage System is very important to properly channel rainwater,
which may damage your property in the long run. If the proper system is not
installed, when there is heavy rainfall there may be problems such as water clogging
and leaking in the roofs and so on. While constructing a house, the utmost
importance must be given to its drainage system as well. Based on the style of your
building, you could select from the many varieties of this systems available on the
market. Drainage systems that will not lose the aesthetic value of the house are now
available and will also serve the purpose and look good on your building as well.
Rainwater, if clogged on your terrace and other open spaces, might moisten your
building and cause heavy damage. The repair work for such reasons may cost you
heavily.
Understanding the Rainwater drainage system is very important. You need to do
the necessary plumbing work in order to install a perfect system. For this, you could
get the opinion of your plumber who will suggest that you get the best systems that
will suit your building style. Only when you understand the entire plumbing work
of your house, will you be able to find the problematic spots during troubleshooting.
The first important part of the drainage system is the gutters, which will channel the
rainwater running onto your rooftops into the downspout pipes. Based on the size of
your house, the gutters must be large enough to accumulate the water during heavy
rains.
It is also important to check these gutters for any blocks or hurdles
during the heavy rainy season. Gutter outlets, which are the part that
connects the gutter to the downspout pipes, are available in various
shapes. They are mostly used as connectors between the pipes on your
rooftops. Nowadays, you can get even PVC pipes, which are much more
durable when compared to conventional types of pipes. You will also get
drainage pipes to suit your building style. Cast iron drainage pipes are
also available that look neat and classy.

The importance of rainwater drainage system can never be over
emphasized. Many people overlook this and do not pay much attention to
the system in their houses. In fact, during the construction time itself, a
proper plan for it must be designed so that they will form an integral part
of the house plan. If it is not properly installed, then it will spoil the looks
of your building due to water seepage and clogging. In the long run, you
may have to spend more on repair work due to rainwater seepage. Based
on your personal budget, you could select the right type of drainage
system that will serve the purpose as well as not detract from the aesthetic
value of your house.
Storm water management is a fundamental consideration in the
planning and design of urban development. By considering storm
water management at the initial design phase it is possible to ensure
viable storm water management solutions that are compatible with
other design objectives for the site.

Calculation of the rate of storm-water runoff is important in determining
the size of inlets , drains, sewers, etc. All portions of the storm drainage
system must be designed to handle the peak flow anticipated under certain
design conditions.
The most widely used method for estimating peak storm-water runoff is
called the rational-formula method. This formula assumes (a) that the rate of
storm-water run-off from an area is a direct function of the average rainfall
rate during the time that it takes the runoff to travel from the most remote
point of the tributary area to the inlet or drain, (b) that the average frequency
of occurrence of the peak runoff equals the average frequency of occurrence of
the rainfall rate, and (c) that the quantity of storm water lost due to
evaporation, infiltration, and surface depressions remains constant
throughout the rainfall.
The coefficient of runoff is a coefficient which accounts for storm-water losses
attributed to evaporation, infiltration, and surface depressions. The peak value of
the flow rate Q of storm-water runoff is estimated using the following equations:
Q = CIA ft3/s ..eqn (1)
Q=
m3/h ....eqn (2)
Where C = coefficient of runoff
I = rainfall rate for a specified rainfall duration and average frequency of
occurrence,
in/h (cm/h)
A = tributary area to the inlet or drain, acres (m2)


.eqn(3)
where A1,A2, and An are the area in acres (m2), and C1 ,C2 , and Cn are the
corresponding coefficients of runoff of the individual tributary areas to a
common point