Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 18

|

Ole Sangale Road, Madaraka Estate. PO Box 59857-00200, Nairobi, Kenya


Tel +254 (0)20 606155, 606268, 606380 Fax +254 (0)20 607498
Mobile +254 (0)722 25 428, (0)733 618 135 Email info@strathmore.edu
www.strathmore.edu
EMPLOYEE TRAINING
AND DEVELOPMENT


7/9/2014
2
|
TRAINING AND EDUCATION
DIFFERENTIATED:

Training

Application oriented
Job experience
Specific tasks
Narrow
perspective

Education

Theoretical oriented
Classroom learning
General concepts
Broad perspective



7/9/2014
3
|
Definitions
7/9/2014
4
Training and development are closely
interrelated terms that aim to help in achieving
the objectives of the company while at the
same time increasing the efficiency and
productivity of the employees.
Though similar in a broader sense, there are
many differences between training and
development
|
7/9/2014
5
Training the process of teaching new or
current employees the basic skills they need to
perform their jobs
Development refers to those learning
opportunities designed to help employees
grow. It is not primarily skill-oriented. Instead, it
provides general knowledge and attitudes,
which will be helpful to employees in higher
positions.
|
Negligent training
7/9/2014
6
When an employer fails to train adequately
and consequently and employee harms a third
party

|
Training Vs Development

7/9/2014
7
Training and development can be distinguished
on the basis of the following:
What is learnt
Who is learning
Why such learning takes place
When learning occurs

|
Why train?

7/9/2014
8

To improve the technical capacity of individuals on job
performance
To improve health and safety of employees hence prevention of
industrial accidents
To reduce spoilt work hence less scrap or material wastage
To prepare personnel for future job challenges e.g. promotion
To enable employees to adapt to methods of operating a new
machine or equipment installed by the organization e.g. a computer.
To enable employees learn the methods of operating a new
machine or equipment installed by the organization e.g. a computer
A change in product may necessitate training not only in production
methods but also in the marketing of goods or services
To improve the productivity level in the organization

|
7/9/2014
9
Who really is the beneficiary of any training
programme?
|
Steps in the training process
7/9/2014
10
1. TNA
2. Instructional Design check objective,
content and budget
3. Implement train those targeted
4. Evaluate success or failure?
|
Methods of training (adv/disadv)
On job training
Demonstrations/Inst
ruction
Coaching
Job rotation
Projects
Job shadowing

Off job training
Day release
(common)
Distance
learning/Evening
Sandwich courses
Self study (computer
based

7/9/2014
11
|
Why MDP?
7/9/2014
12
To prepare managers to cope with increased
challenge of modern business especially competition
and fast changing technology
To improve managerial performance on their present
jobs
To prepare managers for higher managerial positions
i.e. to replace those who are leaving
To build a steady source of supply of competent
persons at all managerial levels. i.e. to create a
reserve of managers
To compensate for managers lack of previous
experience of training
To prevent managerial obsolescence.

|
Management Development
methods
7/9/2014
13
Internal
Job rotation - to head various departments,
divisions or branches
Assignments to committees and boards
exposure and decision making skills
Appointment as assistant to or deputy
to
Case study method analytical & decision
making




|
7/9/2014
14
Coaching by senior managers.
In house seminars lectures or workshops
Sensitivity training (T Group)
This method is also known as behaviour
modeling technique. It is interactive method of
development, which sensitizes managers on
their behaviour in relation to their job
performance.
Secondment to sister firms in other countries
|
External
7/9/2014
15
University sponsored programmes e.g. MBA
programmes
Management consulting firms training and
development programmes e.g. seminars;
workshops.
Government sponsored programmes e.g. KIA
and (GTIS)
Secondment to other firms in similar industry
Professional training institutes e.g. IHRM,
ICPAK
Conferences and seminars etc.

|
Training Vs Development

7/9/2014
16
1.
2.
3
|
Management Development

7/9/2014
17
Management Development is the overall
concept or terminology that describes the
many ways that organizations help employees
develop their personal and organizational
skills, either as managers or with a
management job in mind.
Assignment

|
Benefits of training
7/9/2014
18
More loyalty from employees
Shows a firm is concerned about workers
Better promotion opportunities (the other side
of the coin?)
Increase in productivity