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INQUIRY-DISCOVERY

The term "inquiry" is


associated with an open-
ended and ongoing process
while the term "discovery"
appears to focus on the end
product.

some views on inquiry:

"... see inquiry as an exercise of the
mind."
"... the essentials of inquiry are design and
debate. "
"... inquiry is a way of knowing. "
"... nature of inquiry is not in the posing of
questions, but in the process of... "
"... inquiry is a tool for constructing
personal meanings of science
concepts,..."
" ...from the science perspective, inquiry
oriented instruction engages pupils in the
investigative nature of science."
Those who inquire exert an effort
to discover something new to the
inquirer, though not something
new to the world.


Inquiry

DISCOVERY
a student who is able to
acquire a new fact, concept,
principle, or solution through
the inquiry , then the student
is making a discovery.
Distinction
Discovery Learning
The students are
provided with
data.

Ascertain the
particular
principle hidden
in the lesson
objective through
questioning.
Inquiry Learning
The goal is for
students to
develop their own
strategies

To manipulate
and process
information.

INQUIRY-DISCOVERY
ORIENTATED SCIENCE
INSTRUCTION

Inquiry is the [set] of behaviours
involved in the struggle of human
beings for reasonable explanations of
phenomena about which they are
curious."
So, inquiry involves activity and skills,
but the focus is on the active search
for knowledge or understanding to
satisfy a curiosity.


Continue ..
Focus on inquiry always involves:
collection and interpretation of
information in response to
wondering and exploring.
Children using their senses to
observe and using instruments to
extend the power of their senses
Children work on their own to
discover basic principles.


the heart of the inquiry in teaching-
learning science is a positive
environment that encourages,
supports and nurtures pupils on their
learning paths.
..old saying
Tell me and I forget,
Show me I remember,
Involve me and I
understand
Figure 1: The inquiry process
Discovery Learning-
encompasses SCIENTIFIC MODEL.
Students
IDENTIFY PROBLEMS,
GENERATE
HYPOTHESES,
TEST EACH HYPOTHESES
against collected data,
and
APPLY CONCLUSIONS to
new situations.
The purpose of this type of
instruction is to teach
students thinking skills.
The roles of the teacher
Helper
Facilitator
Motivator
Manager
interested
Listener
Challenger
evaluator.
Children inquire when they
are given :
hands-on learning
opportunities
appropriate materials to
manipulate
Puzzling circumstances or
problems for motivation
Enough structure to help them
focus or maintain a productive
direction
Some Ways of Introducing a
Science Inquiry Lesson
Using an investigative problem-
solving approach
Using discrepant events (with
demonstration)
Anecdote (without demonstration)
Problem presentation
Interpretation of given data
Video presentation
Implication to classroom
teaching
provide multiple representations or perspectives;
provide conceptual interrelatedness;
present real-world, realistic and relevant contexts
using authentic tasks;
focus on knowledge construction, not
reproduction;
encourage active pupil involvement and
participation with teacher's scaffolding whenever
necessary;
encourage, support and nurture pupil inquiry;
encourage reflective practice;
encourage collaborative and cooperative
construction of knowledge; and
take into consideration a pupil's learning style,
initial mental models, beliefs and attitudes.