Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

TRENDS IN TOURISM

Patterns of Tourism

Social and Cultural Impact of


Tourism
PATTERNS OF TOURISM
DEMAND

Tourism Demand refers to the total


numer of persons !ho tra"el# or !ish to
tra"el# to use tourists$ facilities and
ser"ices at places a!a% from their places
of !or& or residence'
PATTERNS OF TOURISM
DEMAND
1980s ( E"ents such as the
Cherno%l disaster# terrorist$s
acti"it% and de"aluation of US dollar
shifted the choice of a destination
a!a% from Europe and North Africa
to Asia and the Paci)c re*ions'
PATTERNS OF TOURISM DEMAND
1990s ( +ulf !ar rou*ht
uncertainl% for international
tourism ecause the price of oil
increased tremendousl% causin*
airlines to also increase airfareto
co"er fuel costs'
PATTERNS OF TOURISM DEMAND
2000s ( The
spread of
diseases such as
SARS and
terrorism
ne*ati"el%
a,ected tra"el in
Asia'
+-O.A- TOURISM CONTINUOUS TO
+RO/
0
100
200
300
400
5000
5100
5200
5300
5400
International Tourist Arri"als# 566781053
9in millions:

;isitor
decline in
5664 and
100< ha"e
not
dampen
tourism
*ro!th'

East Asia and


the Paci)c
o"ertoo&
Americas as
leadin*
destination

UN/TO
forecast *loal
tourism to *ro!
at 7= 8 3=
et!een 10508
1010
/OR-D$S TOP TOURIST
DESTINATIONS
Destinati
on
Base year
(million)
F9.3orec
ast
(mi6.5lli
on)
!era"e
nnual
#ro$t%
&ate
'ar(et
)%are
(*)
5667 1010 566781010 5667
China 10'0 5<0'0 >'4= <'7= 4'<=
France 30'0 503'5 1'<= 50'3
=
3'4=
United
States
2<'< 501'2 <'7= >'>= 3'3=
Spain <4'< ><'6 1'3= 3'6= 2'>=
?on* @on*
Ital%
United
@in*dom
50'1
<5'5
1<'7
73'3
71'7
7<'4
>'5=
1'5=
<'2=
5'4=
7'7=
2'1=
<'3=
<'2=
<'2=
MeAico 10'1 24'6 <'3= <'3= <'5=
Russian
Federation
6'< 24'0 3'4= 5'3= <'5=
CBech
Repulic
53'7 22'0 2'0= 1'6= 1'4=
/OR-D$S TOP TOURIST
DESTINATIONS

China !ill dislod*e
the traditional
destination

China# ?on* @on*


and Russia as
leadin*
destinations

Thailand# Mala%sia#
Sin*apore and
South Africa !ill
attract more
"isitors
P?I-IPPINES AND +-O.A-
TOURISM
&+
,
-ountri
es
2010 2009
5 Mala%sia 12'74 1<'37
1 Thailand 57'42 52'57
< Sin*apor
e
6'53 >'26
2 Indonesi
a
>'00 3'<1
7 ;ietnam 7'07 <'>7
3 Philippin
es
<'71 <'05
> Camodi
a
1'20 1'70
International ;isitors to ASEAN 9in
million:

P? la*s
ehind
ASEAN
destination

;ietnam
has
o"erta&en
P?

Camodia
fast risin*
destination
P?I-IPPINES AND +-O.A-
TOURISM
International ;isitors 9in
million:
2010 2009
/orld 620'00 441'00
= P?
Share
0'<>= 0'<2=
Asia
Paci)c
10<'40 540'60
= P?
Share
5'>1= 5'33=
ASEAN 3>'77 30'25
= P?
Share
7'15= 2'64=
Philippine
s
<'71 <'05
SOCIA- AND CU-TURA-
IMPACTS OF TOURISM

Socio8cultural phenomenon

Social interactions

-ean and *reen industr%

Catal%st

MaCor contriutor to the +NP