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What is a Steering System ?

It is a Mechanism used to set an


Automobile/Vehicle to the desired direction,
at the convenience of the driver from his seat
with a considerably less effort to negotiate
any curve or obstacle in it’s path.
How a Steering Gear Assembly & Linkages Works ?

The Rotary Movement of the Steering Wheel


is Transmitted as
Angular movement of Road Wheels
The Flow of action of Steering System

STEERING GEAR

DROP ARM

LINKAGES DRAGROD/TIEROD

STEERING ARM

VEHICLE FRONT WHEELS.


TYPES OF STEERING SYSTEM

1. Re-circulating Ball type


2. Rack-Pinion Type
3. Worm & Roller
RML (Mysore) Product Line

Steering Gear Products (SGP):

- RE CIRCULATING BALL TYPE:


- HYDROSTATIC STEERING UNIT (HSU)

Steering Suspension Linkage Products (SSLP);

- TIE ROD
- DRAG ROD
- LOWER CONTROL ARMS
- BALL JOINTS (Upper / Lower/Gear shifter))
RML Product Types
Steering Gear Products:

RE CIRCULATING BALL TYPE:


1. G3 - DB, Closed Fork Type.
2. G4- Floating.Sector Gear Type.
3. G6- DB,Sector Taper Gear Type.

Steering Suspension Linkage Products;

1. Metallic Joints
Serviceable
Non Serviceable
2. Non Metallic Joints
Greaser less Sealed Joints
SemiGreaser Joints
Monolube Cup Design Joints.
G3 – Re-circulating Ball with Closed fork type Rockershaft.
G4 – Re-circulating Ball/floating Column with sector type Rockershaft.
G6- Racktype Re-circulating Ball Nut with Sector gear shaft
ASSEMBLY
Components Produced at Different line are checked and
assembled together in the Assembly Section.

Types Of Assembly Lines

1. Single Station Assembly.


2. Synchronous Assembly.
3. Non-synchronous Assembly
4. Continuous Motion Assembly system.
5. Dial or rotary Assembly System.

Assembly Line Balancing depends on...


1. Time 2. Flow 3. No.of operators 4. No.of work stations.
ASSEMBLY
TYPES OF ASSEMBLY

1. Selective Assembly :
Ex: Worm & Nut
2. Non Selective Assembly:
Ex: Box,Coverplate,Rockershaft,Bolts & Nuts.
The Process Flow in Steering Gear Assembly

Worm & Nut Assy.

Box Bearing Press & Oilseal Press

ICMN & Bearing Preload

R/Shaft Assy & Final Load Adjust

Inspection & Leak Test


Important Check Points for Stg. Gear Assembly.

Worm & Nut Play (Shake)


Inner Column Preload
Rockershaft Final Preload
Number of Revolutions
No Backlash at Center (SAP)
Smooth rotation
Droparm Movement.
Other Cutomer Fitments
Some Defects in Stg. Gear Assy & Its Causes

 Stg. Rotation Not smooth


 Hard Stg. Gear:
 Gear Catch:
 Ball Stuck:
 Assembly Leakage:
Important Testing for Stg. Gear Assembly.

100 % Leak Checking.


Endurance Testing
Impact Testing
Fatigue Test
Spline Output test
Steering Ratio

Ratio can be classified in two ways one by the Steering Torque


and other By Steering Rotation. Rane Offers Two Types of Stg. Ratio
Assemblies..
20

1. Constant Ratio.

29.2 29.2
24.3
1. Variable Ratio
00
40 40
R/S
SAP