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1 - b u t a n o l

DESIGN OF PRODUCTION OF 1-BUTANOL FROM


BIOMASS (CORN COBS)
S h o r t P e r s e n t a t i o n
Chemical Engineering
DISUSUN OLEH :

F R A N S A D A M
/ 1 1 0 6 0 7 0 8 4 2
Will be mixed : crude oil + 30% butanol /1-butanol
Productivity : 36,000 ton/year
90% purity or more.
Fermentation using :
C. tyrobutyricum & C. acetobutylicum.
University of Indonesia
Our Product (1- butanol)


BACKGROUN
D
University of Indonesia
Indonesia merupakan negara yang konsumtif.
Dibutuhkan Energi Pengganti BBM.
Populasi penduduk di Indonesia yang
tinggi.
Butanol penghasil bilangan oktan yang baik.
Yield of butanol 49%
Prices as a chemical : $3.50 per gallon ->
worldwide market of 1.4 billion gallon per
year.
Konsumsi BBM 474 million barrel pada 2014.
Meningkat 5% per tahunya.
Permintaan 500 million barrels pada 2015.
PT.Pertamina memproduksi 650 ribu bpd ;
dengan total 240 million per tahun.
University of Indonesia BACKGROUND

Solusinya adalah dengan Biofuel yaitu butanol
University of Indonesia BACKGROUND

Merupakan proses produksi energi dalam dalam
sel dalam keadaan anaerobik (tanpa oksigen).
Gula adalah bahan umum dalam fermentasi.
University of Indonesia
AFTER
HYDROLYSIS
(CELLULOSE /
HEMICELLULOSE TO
GLUCOSE)
SEED
FERMENTATION :
with medium Broth
pH 4.2 4.5
Fermentation
University of Indonesia
Fermentation 1
(acidogenesis) :
butyric acid, acetic
acid, lactic acid, CO2,
H2
Fermentation 2
(solventogenesis) :
butanol , broth
2 Fermentor DIRCR ,
(Fibrous Reactor)
Yield 49% butyric acid
Yield 84% butanol
C.tyrobutyricum
C.asetobutylicum
A high cell density and high mass transfer rates
are desired for the fermentation.
Immobilized-cell in spiral-wound

University of Indonesia
DEFINISI FERMENTATION



University of Indonesia
IN SEED FERMENTATION

Parameters
pH
Optimal Temperature
Medium
Fermentation time
Addition
Specialize










C. tyrobutyricum
4.4
40
o
C
Broth
36 hours
N
2

Acidogenesis phase
(glucose to butyric
acid)
High selectivity
Fermentation-
Hydrogenation


Parameters
pH
Optimal Temperature
Medium
Fermentation time
Addition
Specialize










C. acetobutylicum
4.6
37
o
C
Broth
18 hours
N
2
Solventogenesis
phase (butyric acid
to butanol)
DIRCR and
Fermentation-
Hydrogenation

Using C.tyrobutyricum
butyric acid di FBB menghasilkan yield 50% dengan
konsentrasi >43 g/L.
Operating Conditions :
pH : 4.4
Temperature : 45
o
C
Residence Time : 16.7 hours
University of Indonesia
FERMENTATION 1

Using C.acetobutylicum
Butanol di FBB menghasilkan yield 84%
Operating Conditions :
pH : 4.6
Temperature : 45
o
C
Residence Time : 11.1 hours

University of Indonesia
FERMENTATION 2