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Week 10

Reproductive System

Connective tissue capsule
Connective tissue capsule
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TESTIS

Interstitial CT btw seminiferous tubules
Interstitial CT btw
seminiferous tubules
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SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES

Spermatogonia along outer periphery, near basement membrane of tubule

Spermatocyte contains nuclei w/ chromosome (primary/secondary)

Spermatids small, round; near lumen

Sertoli Cells elongated cells; btw spermatocytes

SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES

** Not pictured is Spermatozoan = small, pointed, nuclei and flagella

SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES ** Not pictured is Spermatozoan = small, pointed, nuclei and flagella
SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES ** Not pictured is Spermatozoan = small, pointed, nuclei and flagella
SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES ** Not pictured is Spermatozoan = small, pointed, nuclei and flagella
SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES ** Not pictured is Spermatozoan = small, pointed, nuclei and flagella

STAGES OF SPERMATOGENESIS

OVARY (panoramic view)

Large, pale CT tissue scar; remnants of corpus luteum CT capsule Sheath/capsule beyond follicular cells Large,
Large, pale CT tissue
scar; remnants of
corpus luteum
CT capsule
Sheath/capsule
beyond follicular
cells
Large, pale CT tissue
scar; remnants of
corpus luteum
Chamber
contains follicular
fluid
Simple cuboidal cells
Large oocyte w/ 1 or 2
layers of surrounding
cuboidal follicular cells
Variably sized
follicles; regression
stage; some decaying
oocytes inside
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Primordial & Primary follicles

Primordial & Primary follicles
Primordial & Primary follicles
Primordial & Primary follicles
Primordial & Primary follicles
Primordial & Primary follicles
Primordial & Primary follicles

Secondary follicles (growing, antral)

Tertiary follicle (mature, Graafian)

Tertiary follicle (mature, Graafian)

Corpus Luteum

Corpus Luteum

Corpus Albicans

Corpus Albicans

Oviduct (Fallopian or uterine tube)

Oviduct (Fallopian or uterine tube)

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UTERUS

UTERUS
UTERUS
UTERUS

# What is this?

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UTERUS - Endometrium

UTERUS - Endometrium Stratum Functionale = near luminal surface Thickens and sloughs away during mensturation Stratum

Stratum Functionale = near luminal surface

Thickens and sloughs away during mensturation

UTERUS - Endometrium Stratum Functionale = near luminal surface Thickens and sloughs away during mensturation Stratum

Stratum Basale = near transition to myometrium

Remains after menstruation to regrow into new stratum functionale

UTERUS - Endometrium Stratum Functionale = near luminal surface Thickens and sloughs away during mensturation Stratum

Endometrium = mucosa

UTERUS - Endometrium Stratum Functionale = near luminal surface Thickens and sloughs away during mensturation Stratum

Simple columnar formed into tubular glands

PATHOLOGY WEEK 10

HYPERPLASIA ENDOMETRIAL HYPERTROPHY OF MYOMETRIUM

HYPERPLASIA

Increase in number of cells in an organ or tissue

Physiologic or Pathologic

increased MASS/SIZE of the organ

Pathologic usually caused by excess hormones on target cell: Example endometrial hyperplasia is due to abnormal increased unopposed estrogen

NORMAL ENDOMETRIUM

NORMAL ENDOMETRIUM

ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA

HYPERTROPHY

Increase in cell size increase organ size Hypertrophied larger cells;

Organ has no new cells

Increased size of the cells is due to the synthesis of more structural components of the cells.

HYPERTROPHY

Gross appearance of a normal uterus (right) and a gravid uterus (removed for postpartum bleeding) (left)

HYPERTROPHY Gross appearance of a normal uterus (right) and a gravid uterus (removed for postpartum bleeding)

GRAVID UTERUS

(to show wall thickness)

GRAVID UTERUS (to show wall thickness)

NORMAL MYOMETRIUM

Small spindle-shaped uterine smooth muscle

cells from a normal

uterus.

NORMAL MYOMETRIUM Small spindle-shaped uterine smooth muscle cells from a normal uterus.

HYPERTROPHY

large plump cells from the gravid uterus,

same magnification as

normal (in previous slide)

HYPERTROPHY large plump cells from the gravid uterus, same magnification as normal (in previous slide)