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AR.

RAJ REWAL
Submitted By :- Suraj Rathi
M.I.E.T Gondia
Introduction
His works contributed in the modernization of the developing India
Applied advanced western theories of urban planning & building
technologies
His works has a sense of History, both Indian & Western
Worked closely with contractors, builders & craftsmen
Developed innovative solutions in exterior finishes
One of the greatest Contemporary Architect of India
His humanist approach to architecture responds to the complexities of
rapid urbanisation, the demands of climate, cultural traditions, and
building crafts and technologies.
PRESTIGES
In 1989, Mr. Rewal was awarded the Gold Medal of the Indian Institute of
Architects.
Robert Mathew Award of the Commonwealth Association of Architects.
In 1993, he was presented the Mexican Association of Architects Award.
The recipient of the Great Masters Award of the JK Trust.
Mr. Rewal was a professor at the New Delhi School of Architecture and Planning,
and has taught and delivered lectures at universities in Asia, America, and Europe.

Born in 1934 , in Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India.

1939-1951
Lived in Delhi and Shimla, and attended Harcourt Batler Higher Secondary
School.

1951-1954
Attended Delhi School of Architecture, New Delhi.

1955-1961
Moved to London.

Attended the Architectural Association School of Architecture for one year.
Completed formal professional training at the Brixton School of Building,
London.
Worked as architectural assistant in various practices in London and as a theatre
scenery designer in the evenings.
Became an Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects, London

1961-1962
Worked in the offices of Michel Ecochard, architect, Paris.

Married Helene in 1962.+
biography

In 1962 , returned to Delhi to set up his own Architectural profession.

1963-1972 - Taught at the Delhi School of Architecture.

1974 -
Opened a second office in Tehran, Iran
.

1985 - Founded the Architectural Research Cell with Ram Sharma.

1986 - Curator of the exhibition

Traditional Architecture in India

for
the Festival of India in Paris.



Research & Education:
Parliament Library, New Delhi, 1989
a fine example of postcolonial Indian architecture
a new addition to the majestic complex of imperial buildings in the
Lutyens Delhi
surrounded by the Rashtrapati Bhavan, the South Block, the North
Block and the Parliament House


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Concept
plan form of the Parliament Library is inspired from the 16
th
century Adinatha Temple (1439 A.D.)
of Ranakpur
Light is the defining theme of this building
A variety of domes constructed of light-weight fibre cement, bright steel lattice & tensile cables,
structural glass & glass bricks admit filtered light to the spaces below
Each courtyard of the building symbolizes one aspect of the Indian constitution
amphitheater, symbolizing freedom of expression
Another courtyard has a pool of water symbolizing equality
Tree forms the focal point of the third courtyard, representing social justice

Planning
Rewal decided to sink part of the library underground, leaving two of the four floors above
ground.
terrace of the library aligns with the first floor level of the Parliament building
Only the domes of the library rise higher
main Assembly Hall of the Parliament & the focal centre of the new Library lie on the same axis
exterior walls of the library are clad in the same red and beige sandstone as that used in the
Parliament building
Several domes of different sizes and types make up the roof
The central dome, spanning 82 feet (25 meters), is entirely of glass that was specially developed
for this building

Rewal's trick has been to shape a building that is at once discreet and
animated, the animation is reserved for the roof and generous
interior.
Its stone clad walls are overshadowed by trees, overlooking parliament.
The building is much bigger than it apperas to be; only two floors rise
above ground.
The crossing of payhs meeting at a central dome, under which the
various libraries ,auditorium.,meeting room and cafeteria are
gained.
Landscaing merging into builing,turfed roofs and gental symbolism
that are hindu or jain would reccognize this building is subble and
special


DERIVATION OF PLANNING
The temple is ,in plan, a miniature representation of the universe and
its cosmology
Its hub is a notional space for the holy mountain , meru the
mythological centre of cosmos
They are hollowed out holy mountai ,their dark course ringed around
with sacred caves or shrines.
this dark space also
symbolises the
womb,from which
hindus are
symbolically reborn
after devotion.
INTERIORS
FLOOR PLANS & SECTIONS
Sheikh Sarai Housing
Building Type - Housing
Year - 1982
This low-rise high-density scheme for 550 units is designed on the basis of
self-financing scheme for Delhi Development Authority. It segregates
pedestrian and vehicular movement and provides for interlinked square of
varying scales for community activities. All the units have been provided with
courtyards or roof top terraces. .
National Institue Of Public
Finance And Policy
Building Type - Education &
Research
Year - 1980
The National Institute of Public Finance
and Policy (NIPFP) is a centre for applied
research in sustainable public finance
policy for development, advocacy and
capacity development. Based in New
Delhi, India, the centre conducts research
on public finance and contributes to the
process of policy-making relating to
public finance. NIPFP was established in
1976 as an autonomous agency under the
Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860.
The NIPFP also works jointly with the
Department of Economic Affairs at the
Ministry of Finance to research the
effects of past economic policy

The NIPF is primarily an academic institution, engaged in both research
and training programmes in the realms of public finance and fiscal policy. The
design concept takes into account the necessity for three different components:
academic spaces, hostel facilities and residences. The three functions have
been integrated into a complex that has a hierarchy of internal and external
open spaces.

All the exterior wall surface have been covered with a buff colour sandstone.
To enrich this exterior texture, the knobs, which serve to tie the sandstone to
the wall panels, have been left visible and covered with a sandstone grit.
Shyamlal House
Building Type - Residences
Year - 1975
The design for Sham Lal house placed an emphasis on blending the entrance
hall, dining and living room spaces with the front garden as much as possible. The
large pivoting doors of glass and teak define the living room garden boundary, and can
be opened for social occasions. The house was designed for a leading journalist and
writer. A double-height space contains the entrance hall and stairs to the first floor.