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September 2010

Ridha Nasri
OF/ DTF/ DPPR/ UPR IDF/ IRM/ International Support
ridha.nasri@orange-ftgroup.com
Mobility in UMTS
MOBILITY IN UMTS 2
Groupe France Tlcom

Mobility Overview

Soft!andover

!ard !andover InterFre" # InterR$T


Summary:
MOBILITY IN UMTS 3
Groupe France Tlcom
Mobility Overview

Handover is a basic function of a cellular mobile network.

Te purpose of andover is to insure te continuity of service durin! mobility

Handover includes te followin! types:


RNC
Soft-Handover
Intra-Freq
Hard-Handover
Intra-Freq
(Due to IuR unavailabilit!
1 2
IuR Not Avaiabe
Node !
1 2
Hard-Handover
Inter-Freq
Hard-Handover
Inter-R"T
1
2
MOBILITY IN UMTS "
Groupe France Tlcom

Mobility Overview

Soft!andover

!ard !andover InterFre" # InterR$T


Summary:
MOBILITY IN UMTS #
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover

Te Soft$Handover !ives te %& te possibility to connect simultaneously to


multiple cells' tus improvin! its radio conditions and (oS.

)t relies on te %&*+ode,-s introduction of te Ra%e Re&eiver wic consists of


several parallel Ra%e fin'ers ./i!ital Si!nal 0rocessors1' makin! tem able to
process simultaneously multiple radio links.
Ce 1 Ce 2
#ell $
#ell $
#ell %
#ell %
#ell $ #ell %
"C#IC$ %c&N0' "C#IC$ %c&N0'
Intra-frequen& hard 'andover
Intra-frequen& soft 'andover
MOBILITY IN UMTS 2
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( The Ra%e Re&eiver
Ce 1
Ce 2
(at' Diver)it
Scrambling Code Cell 2
Delay 1
Scrambling Code Cell 1
Scrambling Code Cell 2
Delay 2
Delay 3
DSP1
DSP2
DSP3
Data 1
Delay Integration
(at' Diver)it #o*bination
Ma&ro Diver)it #o*bination
MOBILITY IN UMTS 3
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover Types
IuR
Iu!
RNC1 RNC2
(SC
Node!1
Node!2 Node!)
Softer-Handover
(Intra-NodeB!
Soft-Handover
Intra-RN#
Soft-Handover
Inter-RN#
MOBILITY IN UMTS 4
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( Two U) Reportin' Modes
RNC
*%
RRC (easurement Contro
#eriodica Reporting
RRC (easurement Report
AS Ces + ,-.-/.. !est (easured Ces
RRC (easurement Report
RRC (easurement Report
RRC (easurement Report
Configurabe
#eriod in ms
RNC
*%
RRC (easurement Contro
%vent 1A-1!-1C-10-1%
RRC (easurement Report
%vent 1A- Ce 1
RRC (easurement Report
%vent 1A- Ce /
RRC (easurement Report
%vent 1! Ce1
Sent on1
2hen certain
Radio
conditions
are met
%vent Reporting
#eriodica Reporting
+ #eriodica Reporting3 T'e *obile &ontinuou)l )end) *ea)ure*ent) to t'e RN# ,'i&' -ro&e))e)

t'e* to deter*ine t'e ne.t de&i)ion Di)advanta/e0 RN# (ro&e))e) t'e *ea)ure*ent)
+ %vent Reporting3 T'e U1 &ontinuou)l *onitor) nei/'borin/ &ell) but onl re-ort) to t'e RN# ,'en
&ondition) are *et "dvanta/e0 Le)) RN# -ro&e))in/ and le)) )i/nalin/ Load
Active Set *pdate
45617
Active Set *pdate
45-1-/7
MOBILITY IN UMTS 5
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( Nei'hborin' Sets *ana'e*ent
$
8
A
I
!
%
9
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
+ Neighboring ;ist3 Li)t of &andidate &ell) for *ea)ure*ent2 t'i) li)t i) )ent b t'e RN# to t'e U1 and i) u-dated dna*i&all
+ Active Set3 T'e li)t of Radio Lin3) e)tabli)'ed b t'e U1 (4'en in Soft5SofterHO!6 3GPP: Max 6 RL per UE (Active Set)
+ (onitored Set3 T'e li)t of #ell) bein/ *ea)ured b t'e U1 (1.&ludin/ t'e "&tive Set!
+ 0etected Set3 T'e li)t of #ell) dete&ted and re-orted b t'e U12 t'e do not belon/ to t'e nei/'borin/ li)t )end b t'e RN#
Active Set
A
Active Set
A
!
Note: The cells in the UEs Active Set
are or!ere! "# their $P%$&'EcNo Level(
)ro* +est to ,orse- The "est cell is calle!
the Pri*ar# $ell
#rimar1
Ce
Ce !eonging to the A.S.
Ce !eonging to the (.S.
Ce !eonging to the 0.S.
#rimar1
Ce
MOBILITY IN UMTS 67
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( Nei'hborin' +ist Pro&essin'
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
<he Neighboring ist is the set of ces that the mobie has to measure and report to the RNC
+ <he ist is created b1 the RNC and is d1namica1 modified based on the actua *%=s Active Set
+ <he neighboring ist is sent to the mobie after each modification through a > RRC(easurementContro ? message
+ <he neighboring ist is dependent from the static neighborhood reationships definition on the RNC based on
the foo2ing concept3 > If I am not decared as 1our neighbor then I shoud not measure and cannot connect to 1ou ?
+ <he Neighboring ;ist can contain up to )2 Ces
+ <he )8## has defined t2o methods of processing a Neighboring ;ist3 Simpe N; and Compounding N;
+ <he Neighboring ;ist shoud ogica1 contain the Active set ces so to enabe the *% to continue measuring them
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
*%1=s
Active Set
A
!
#rimar1
Ce
(easurement Contro3 Mo!e: Event +ase! or Perio!ical
Simpe Neighboring ;ist3
4AS Ces + Neighbors of AS #rimar1 Ce @n1
unti )2 Ces are in the N.;.7
4 A-! + %-9-8-$-I 7
(easurement Contro3 Mo!e: Event +ase! or Perio!ical
Compound Neighboring ;ist3
4AS Ces + Neighbors of AS #rimar1 Ce +
Neighbors of AS Secondar1 Ce + Neighbors of AS
third AS CeA unti )2 Ces are in the N.;.7
4 A-! + %-9-8-$-I + :-C-0 7
Si*ple
$o*po.n!in/
MOBILITY IN UMTS 66
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( )vents Introdu&tion

Measure*ent "uantity &ould be(

,PI,! )&/No ,ell -uality

,PI,! RS,P ,ell +evel

U) reports *easure*ent results to the RN, throu'h the followin' events(


)vent Des&ription
.$
$ ,ell fro* the Monitored Set is within of an a&&eptable ran'e /,PI,! )&No or ,PI,! RS,P0 of the Pri*ary
,ell1 In other words2 a relatively 'ood &ell is available and &an be added to the $&tiveSet1
.3
$ ,ell fro* the $&tive Set has 'otten outside the a&&eptable ran'e /,PI,! )&No or ,PI,! RS,P01 In other
words2 a relatively bad &ell &an be re*oved fro* the $&tiveSet1
.,
., is a &o*bination of .$4.32 ., is sent when the $&tiveSet has rea&hed its *a5i*u* 6 operator &onfi'ured 7
si8e2 and a *onitored &ell is better than the worse &ell of the $&tiveSet1 Thus as%in' the RN, to repla&e the worse
$S ,ell with the best Monitored ,ell1
.D $ &ell fro* the $S has be&o*e better than the pri*ary &ell( $s%in' the RN, to set a new pri*ary &ell1
MOBILITY IN UMTS 62
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( )vents .$2.3
$
8
A
I
!
%
9
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
%vent 1A3 Ce !
%cNo3 -12 d!
Active Set *pdate
4A-!7
(easurement Contro
4A-!- %-9-8-$-I-:-C-07
*%1=s Ne2
Active Set
A
!
(easurement Contro
4A-!- %-9-8-$-I7
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
%vent 1A %vent 1!
%vent 1!3 Ce A
%cNo3 -12 d!
Active Set *pdate
4!7
(easurement Contro
4!- A-I-:-C-0-%7
*%1=s Ne2
Active Set
!
%ven though it=s the *% 2hich is sending the S$@ %vent- the utimate 0ecision is made b1 the
RNC after verif1ing and preparing the <arget Ce=s resources- the *% adds the Ce on1 2hen
it receives an > Active Set *pdate ? message from the RNC.
MOBILITY IN UMTS 63
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( )vent .$
,ondition( )&No9of9Monitored9,ell : 3est9,ell ; Reportin'9Ran'e9.$
Note: To ensure stability and prevent ping-pong due to fast fading effects, the condition should be met during a certain
time called Time to Trigger after the Time to Trigger (TTT1A) expiry, the Event 1A is sent to the R!
Ti*e to tri//er
1vent $" i) tri//ered
B
"
C#IC$ %c&N0
<ime
#
Re-ortin/
ran/e
MOBILITY IN UMTS 6"
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( )vent .3
,ondition( )&No9$&tiveSet9,ell < 3est9,ell ; Reportin'9Ran'e9.3
Note: To ensure stability and prevent ping-pong due to fast fading effects, the condition should be met during a
certain time called Time to Trigger after the Time to Trigger (TTT1") expiry, the Event 1" is sent to the R!
Ti*e to tri//er
1vent $B i) tri//ed
B
"
C#IC$ %c&N0
<ime
#
Re-ortin/ ran/e
MOBILITY IN UMTS 6#
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( )vents .,2 .D
%vent 1C3 Ce ;
%cNo3 -B d!
Active Set *pdate
4C-!-;7
(easurement Contro
4C-!-;- (-0-:-C-%-A-I7
(easurement Contro
4C-!-A- (-0-:-C-;-%-I-9-8-$7
%vent 1C %vent 10
%vent 103 Ce ;
Active Set *pdate
4;-C-!7
(easurement Contro
4;-C-!- (-C-0-:-%-A-I7
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
C
(
;
$1pothesis3 (aDimum Active-Set siEe configured to ) Radio ;inFs
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
C
(
;
Active Set
C
!
A
Active Set
C
!
;
Active Set
;
C
!
$
8
A
I
!
:
%
9
0
C
C
(
;
MOBILITY IN UMTS 62
Groupe France Tlcom
Soft!andover( )vent .,
,ondition( )&No9Monitored9,ell : )&No9+ast9,ell9$S 4 !ysterisis9.,
Note: To ensure stability and prevent ping-pong due to fast fading effects, the condition should be met during a
certain time called Time to Trigger after the Time to Trigger (TTT1!) expiry, the Event 1! is sent to the R!
<ime 1vent $# i) tri//ered
C#IC$ %c&N0
"
B
#
D
H)tere)i)5%
1
Ti*e to tri//er
MOBILITY IN UMTS 63
Groupe France Tlcom
SRNS Relo&ation( U) Uninvolved
The SNRS Relo&ation o&&urs when the U) releases its last Radio lin% with its servin' RN,1
It allows to route the user data fro* the ,ore Networ% to the new Servin' RN, dire&tly1 =ith this pro&ess2 the IuR and old
Servin' RN,>s resour&es are freed1
This *e&hanis* is transparent to the U)1
IuR
(SC
Node !
Serving RNC
0rift RNC
IuR
Node !
RNC
Serving RNC
1
)
2
*%1 in Soft $andover
*%1
0ata *%1
0ata *%1
MOBILITY IN UMTS 64
Groupe France Tlcom

Mobility Overview

Soft!andover

!ard !andover InterFre" # InterR$T


Summary:
MOBILITY IN UMTS 65
Groupe France Tlcom
Overview of !andover Pro&edures
The InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !ard !andover in&ludes four phases(

!andover tri''erin'

!andover *easure*ent

!andover de&ision

!andover e5e&ution
Handover -ro&edure tri//erin/
<ime
Handover *ea)ure*ent Handover de&i)ion5e.e&utiuon
MOBILITY IN UMTS 27
Groupe France Tlcom
InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !ard!andover tri''erin'

The InterFre"uen&y !andover is a &han'e of ,arrier/Fre"uen&y within the UMTS syste* durin' the U)>s &onne&tion1

The InterR$T !andover is a &han'e of Radio $&&ess Te&hnolo'y /?@ to A@ or A@ to ?@02 durin' the U)>s &onne&tion1

? Reasons *i'ht lead to either InterFre"uen&y or InterR$T !!O(

Radio( 3ad Radio 3ad Radio ,onditions on the a&tual ,arrier/Fre"uen&y

,$,( The servi&e establish*ent failed be&ause of la&% of resour&es /,all $d*ission Failure ,$, ,all $d*ission Failure ,$,0

Servi&e( The &all is served better on another Fre"uen&y / R$T /better -oS Settin's better -oS Settin's0
)8 91
)8 92
28
MOBILITY IN UMTS 26
Groupe France Tlcom
InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !ard!andover Tri''erin'
Radio

The InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !andover is tri''ered when the Pri*ary ,ell of the $&tive Set
has bad radio &onditions1 In order to save the &all2 the U) has to be *oved to another &arrier1
! A )8 91
)8 92
28
C#IC$G%cNoGofG#rimar1GCe
H %cNoG(in

@R
C#IC$GRSC#GofG#rimar1GCe
H RSC#G(in
*%1=s
Active Set
A
!
#rimar1
Ce
MOBILITY IN UMTS 22
Groupe France Tlcom
+ $1sterisis&2
- $1sterisis&2
InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !ard!andover Tri''erin'
Radio( )vent AD
*%1=s
Active Set
A
!
#rimar1
Ce
Ti*e to tri//er 20
%vent 20 is trigged
"
C#IC$ %c&No
<ime
%cNoG(in
C#IC$G%cNoGofG#rimar1
GCe H %cNoG(in
@R

C#IC$GRSC#GofG#rimar
1GCe H RSC#G(in
<he event 20 is sent to the RNC to inform it that the radio conditions on the #rimar1 Ce are beo2 the
acceptabe eve. <he RNC 2i then start the $$@ preparation.
MOBILITY IN UMTS 23
Groupe France Tlcom
+ $1sterisis&2
- $1sterisis&2
InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !ard!andover Tri''erin'
Radio( )vent AF
C#IC$G%cNoGofG#rimar1
GCe I %cNoG(in
@R

C#IC$GRSC#GofG#rimar
1GCe I RSC#G(in
*%1=s
Active Set
A
!
#rimar1
Ce
Ti*e to tri//er 29
%vent 29 is trigged
"
C#IC$ %c&No
<ime
%cNoG(in
<he event 29 is sent to the RNC to inform it that the radio conditions on the #rimar1 Ce
are bacF to acceptabe eves. <his event=s roe is to cance the 20. <he RNC 2i then stop the $$@ preparation.
MOBILITY IN UMTS 2"
Groupe France Tlcom
InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !ard!andover Tri''erin'
+oad # ,$,
)8 91 RBB Services
)8 92 RBB J $SD#A Services
28 Koice Cas
$e1 RNCL I 2oud iFe
to estabish a RBB Ca
RNC
<his t1pe of $andover is a reactive mechanism to CAC faiure- it 2i hep prevent the *<RAN
9rom refusing the *%=s ca b1 granting it another chance on another Carrier & RA<.
@F give me a
second..
@KS9 Codes
Iu!
Node! #o2er
Node! Channe %ements "C%'3
processing
$e1 8u1s 2e
have a
customer are
1ou read1M
NesL
SureL
%uh.. I thinF I=m
congested..
(obie.. Nour CAC has
faied on this Carrier- tr1
again on 92
1
2
,
,
,
)
.
MOBILITY IN UMTS 2#
Groupe France Tlcom
InterFre"uen&y / InterR$T !ard!andover Tri''erin'
Servi&e
)8 91 RBB Services
)8 92 $SD#A Services
28 Koice Cas
$e1 RNCL
I 2oud iFe
to estabish
a 0ata Ca
RNC
@F (obie. %stabish
1our ca on 92
@F. 8o to
8S(L
$hhmm..
A voice Ca
#easeL
In this t1pe of $andover- the operator defines a service handover strateg1 b1 setting preferences
for each carrier & RA< on the net2orF in function of the t1pe of service.
Oe consider that the Signaing RRC Connection is aread1 estabished.
<he Pservice partitioningQ heps enhancing the user=s eDperience .
1
2
1
2
MOBILITY IN UMTS 22
Groupe France Tlcom
!ard!andover Measure*ent( Tar'et ,arrier # Nei'hborin' +ist
In &a)e of Servi&e5#"# HHO after t'e Handover need 'a) been verified2 t'e ne.t )te- i) to de&ide ,'i&'
Tar/et #arrier or R"T t'e U1 )'ould *ea)ure and /o to6 T'e)e -referen&e) are )et b t'e o-erator6
In &a)e of Handover due to Radio #ondition)2 and in order to find ra-idl a )uitable &ell2 )o*e
vendor) allo, t'e U1 to evaluate t'e 78 9 %8 &on)e&utivel before *a3in/ a HHO de&i)ion6 T'i)
In&rea)e) t'e -robabilit of findin/ a /ood &ell6 Ot'er,i)e2 t'e o-erator )-e&ifie) t'e -referen&e)6
In an &a)e2 t'e RN# 'a) to )end a Nei/'borin/ Li)t0 Inter-9reR & Inter-RA< & !oth Inter-9reR & Inter-RA< & !oth to t'e U16
T,o *et'od) &an be u)ed b RN# for &reatin/ t'e li)t)0 Si*-le 5 #o*-oundin/ Nei/'borin/ Li)t)6
For *ore infor*ation -lea)e refer to t'e SHO )e&tion6
C
A
%
9
8
!
N
(
S
@
#
C
;
)8 9001
2 8
N
(
S
@
#
C
;
)8 9002
RNC
*%
RRC (easurement Report
%vent 20
RRC (easurement Report
Kaues for / !est (easured
Compressed (ode Activation
RRC (easurement Contro
Inter-9reR (easurements
9002 Ce S-;-(-N-@-#-C
RRC (easurement Report
Kaues for S-;-(-N-@-#
RRC (easurement Report
M
MOBILITY IN UMTS 23
Groupe France Tlcom
!ard!andover Measure*ent( ,o*pressedMode
Due to t'e fa&t t'at *o)t of t'e UMTS *obile) are *ono-frequen&2 If a *obile 'a) a &onne&tion ( RR#
or RR# : Servi&e! on t'e initial frequen&2 it &annot *ea)ure &ell) on anot'er frequen& 5 te&'nolo/6
Ho, &an t'e *obile t'en evaluate t'e radio &ondition) on ot'er frequen&ie);
T'e &o*-re))ed Mode0 It allo,) to &o*-re)) t'e data in one or *an radio )lot) (double t'e rate! in order
to free ot'er )lot) and be able to 'o- to ot'er frequen&ie) )'ortl6
C
A
%
9
8
!
N
(
S
@
#
C
;
)8 9001
)8 9002
01 02 0) 0, 0. 0/ 05 0T 0B 010
01 02 0) 0/ 05 0T 0B 010
0. 0,
UL Ra!io UL Ra!io
)ra*e )ra*e
8ap to measure other freRuencies
Rate
doubed
during
2 <S
1 <ime Sot
Compressed mode
#attern
Compressed mode duration
Norma mode
S9&2 Spreading 9actor &2
#eriodic (easurement
Reports
(R (R (R
MOBILITY IN UMTS 24
Groupe France Tlcom
!ard!andover Measure*ent( Reportin'
") in an UMTS )ituation2 re-ortin/ &an be *ade -eriodi&all or on an 1vent Ba)i)6
In *o)t of t'e &a)e)2 T'e #o*-re))ed Mode re-ortin/ for HHO i) &onfi/ured in -eriodi&al *ode6
T'i) allo,) t'e RN# to -i&3 t'e *o)t ada-ted &ell (Not onl fro* a radio but al)o fro* a ;oad ;oad -oint-of-vie,6
Compressed mode
#attern
Compressed mode duration
Norma mode
#eriodic (easurement
Reports
(R (R (R
Ho,ever2 event ba)ed re-ortin/ i) )till available and < re-ortin/ event) are &reated for t'e HHO Re-ortin/
ba)ed on radio &ondition)6
Durin/ t'e #o*-re))ed Mode2 ,'en t'e U1 find) a /ood &ell()!2 it )i/nal) it 5 t'e* to t'e RN# t'rou/'
event)0

2A3 4'en t'e Handover Tri//er i) Radio2 if t'e U1 find) one or *an Inter9reR &ell ,it' an %cNo I %cNoG2A

2!3 4'en t'e Handover Tri//er i) ;oad2 if t'e U1 find) one or *an Inter9reR &ell ,it' an %cNo I %cNoG2!

)A3 4'en t'e Handover Tri//er i) Radio2 if t'e U1 find) one or *an interRA< &ell ,it' an RD;ev I RD;evG)A

)C3 4'en t'e Handover Tri//er i) ;oad2 if t'e U1 find) one or *an interRA< &ell ,it' an RD;ev I RD;evG)C
MOBILITY IN UMTS 25
Groupe France Tlcom
!andover De&ision and )5e&ution
On&e the RN, re&eives the first report it will(

/ecide weter te radio 8uality of reported 3G * GS9 cells meets te


conditions for HH: .Tresold levels are set trou! confi!urable parameters1.

)f multiple cells are reported in &vent*0eriodical mode' rankin! is applied


takin! te load of tose cells into account .;ess loaded ave i!er priorities1.

Start te si!nalin! < protocol e=can!e wit te tar!et >ore +etwork' ?+S'
,SS ostin! te tar!et cell and reserve te needed resources.

Send te HH: e=ecution to te mobile.

)f no cell is found te >ompressed 9ode will continue until te HH: timer


e=pires.
MOBILITY IN UMTS 37
Groupe France Tlcom
Thanks