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FINAL YEAR PROJECT II PRESENTATION

MM 499
PROJECT TITTLE:
ASSESSMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF THE
CURRENT MINE DEVELOPMENT CYCLES AT
BULYANHULU UNDERGROUND MINE

STUDENT NAME: CHACHA, Godson
REGIS. NUMBER: 2010-04-02903
PROGRAMME: MINING ENGINEERING
ACADEMIC YEAR: 2013/14
SUPERVISOR: Dr. MAFWENGA
S.GWAMAKA
BACKGROUND OF THE
PROBLEM
Mine development involves making excavations
necessary to access the orebody and support
mining operations.

Excavation dimensions depends on mining
method used. It undertaken to minimize amount
of waste to be excavated to accommodate
equipments/materials and services that go along
it

Development of these openings lags behind
scheduled targets.
PROBLEM STATEMENT
Bulyanhulu gold mine is currently experiencing
problems in mine development progress in
which, the designed monthly 530m mine
development advance is not being met.

This results into lost future production, which
then affects overall profitability of the mine.

This causes longterm impacts on future
production of gold.
PROJECT OBJECTIVES

GENERAL OBJECTIVE

To assess the effectiveness of the mine
development activities in view of achieving the
planned monthly target of horizontal
development advance
Cont..
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

To assess the activity duration of various mine
development cycles.

To identify and quantify the effect of each of
activity taking place in mine development area
using simulation.

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

This project based on mine development
sections to determine constraints in development
rate and mine cycles and their effects to the
monthly plan target

The project concentrated on activities carried on
during mine development. (TIME STUDY)

METHODOLOGY
Additional Literature review
Consultation
Site survey and Data collection
Data analysis
SITE VISTING AND DATA
COLLECTION
The project based on waste development
headings , which is in deep levels about
1.2km where excavation size of the headings is
5m width by 5m height.

Data collected in horizontal development
headings.

Cont...
Time for development activities



Cont
Mucking and haulage time with distance to the dumping
area

DATA ANALYSIS
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
The data was analyzed by EASYFIT
SOFTWARE to determine behaviour of each
activity duration and it statistic parameters.

GPSS/H SIMULATION
The cumulative probability function obtained is
used in GPSS/H simulation.




DRILLING
CHARGING
BLASTING
VENTILATION
MUCKING
EXTENSION OF UTILITIES
BOLTING
STATISTICAL PARAMETERS
CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY
FUNCTION

GPSS/SIMULATION RESULTS
SIMULATION
The Cumulative probability helps in GPSS/H
Simulation to obtained the monthly Advanced metres

THE INPUT DATA

Cont
Cont
THE OUTPUT DATA



DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
From statistical analysis the problem
observed on mucking, drilling, bolting,
extension of utilities, and charging time which
shown high standard deviation and
dispersion.

From Simulation results, monthly planned
advance metres obtained is 483m which
should a target according to the current
activity duration.


Cont....
Traffic on ramp (Super-ramp and Ramp A)
and queuing at loading and dumping point (1-
3980) leads to increase cycle time of haulage
which affect mucking.

Mining delays such as Equipment breakdown,
Skilled Labor Shortage, Ventilation, Electric
Power, Face not clean, Water and flooding at
the faces, materials being far from the face to
be charged.


CONCLUSION
AT 3980 LEVEL
Queue at tipping point which increase
mucking and haulage duration and leads to
affect other activities.

Since there is only one tipping point (1-3980)
which create queue during dumping process
hence increases the mucking and haulage
time.
Cont
BELOW 3980 LEVEL (DEEP LEVELS)
Because of Truck system used at Bulyanhulu,
cycle time increase due to equipment
breakdown at super-ramp (3800 to 3980 level)
which only one truck can pass at a time.

Flooding of underground workings mainly due
to the frequent breakdowns of pumps (kombi
pumps) which stop of activities.



Cont
Operational and service factors such as
Operator efficiency and experience, Materials
storage being far away such as explosives,
leaking of vent tubes, Remucks and loading
point are far away from the face.

RECOMMENDATIONS
To install conveyor belt at super-ramp from
deep levels to (1-3980).

Perimeter blasting should be introduced to
reduce overbreak, minimize ground support
requirement and scaling.


Cont
Provide promotion and motivation to the
operators.

To introduce roof bolter this will reduce bolting
time to enhance development.

To introduce another tipping point at 1-3980 to
reduce queuing at rock breaker.


Cont
Improve ventilation especially at deep levels
of the mine includes replacement of leaking
vents to ensure adequate air supply to the
working areas.


Adequate training to the operators should be
given to make them more efficient to will
follow SOPs.