Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16

PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH

CAESAR II

by

Andrey Puruhita
PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS
WITH CAESAR II

What the different with piping stress ?
Pipeline burried modeling
Anchor block restrain
Load case combination & result

The difference of piping & pipeline
stress analysis
Piping modeling
Code requirement shall use
ASME B31.3

Aboveground
Many support or restrain
needed

Pipeline modeling
Code requirement use
ASME B31.4 for liquid &
B31.8 for gas transmission
Usually Underground
Shall use anchor block as a
restrain from aboveground-
underground conversely
Burried Pipe
Buried pipe deforms laterally in areas
immediately adjacent to changes in directions
In areas far removed from bends and tees the
deformation is primarily axial
PIPELINE BURRIED MODELING
The Buried Pipe Modeler is started by selecting an existing
job, and then choosing menu option Input-Underground from
the CAESAR II Main Menu
Enter the soil data using Buried Pipe - Soil Models
Describe the sections of the piping system that are buried,
and define any required fine mesh areas using the buried
element data spreadsheet
Convert the original model into the buried model by the
activation of option Buried Pipe - Convert Input



Input soil models
The buried element description spreadsheet serves
several functions
It allows the user to define which part of the piping system is
buried.
It allows the user to define mesh spacing at specific element
ends.
It allows the input of user defined soil stiffnesses

Burried pipe example
Anchor Block Restrain
Pipeline with a long distance needs block
valve, there were a change direction from
underground to aboveground
In this situation pipeline must be installed
with anchor block before and after
aboveground pipe

Why we need anchor block ?
To prevent stress failed on block valve due to
axial deformation of a long pipeline

Example of block valve modeling
Anchor block
Anchor block
Load Case Combination
To check stress analysis on pipeline shall use
several load case combination as folow :
Sustain Load ( W + P)
Thermal Load (T)
Combination Load ( W + T + P)
Caesar Stress Result
CAESAR II STRESS REPORT FILE:FOR TUTORIAL
CASE 3 (OPE) W+T2+P1 DATE:OCT 1,2009
--Stress(lb./sq.in.)--- --(lb./sq.in.)--
ELEMENT BENDING TORSION SIF'S ALLOWABLE
NODES STRESS STRESS IN/OUT PLANE STRESS STRESS %

HIGHEST STRESSES: (lb./sq.in.)
OPE STRESS %: 21.06 @NODE 90
STRESS: 12636.4 ALLOWABLE: 60000.0
BENDING STRESS: 3254.8 @NODE 90
TORSIONAL STRESS: 0.0 @NODE 49
AXIAL STRESS: 9455.2 @NODE 130
3D MAX INTENSITY: 30120.4 @NODE 20

60 1357. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10739. 60000. 18.
70 919. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10300. 60000. 17.

80 1461. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10842. 60000. 18.
90 3255. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 60000. 21.

90 3255. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 60000. 21.
95 2703. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12085. 60000. 20.
THANK YOU