Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 44

The first principle of Indonesia's philosophical

foundation, Pancasila, is "belief in the one and


only God". A number of different religions are
practiced in the country, and their collective
influence on the country's political, economic and
cultural life is significant. The Indonesian
Constitution guarantees freedom of
religion. However, the government only recognizes
six official religions
(Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism,
Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism). Indonesia
n law requires that every Indonesian citizen hold an
identity card that identifies that person with one of
these six religions, although citizens may be able to
leave that section blank. Indonesia does not
recognize agnosticism or atheism, and blasphemy is
illegal.

Touching the Buddha statue inside of the


stupa would lead you to achieve what you
wish. These Buddha statues are facing
east, glowing by the fresh morning sun. At
glance, all the Buddha statues look the
same, but they are representing six
different symbol, and the Buddha statues
inside of the stupa at the top floor are
position of dharmachakra mudra (turning
the Wheel of the Law).

The oldest domed mosque in Java is probably Jami Mosque of Tuban (1928) Mesjid Jami is
translated as Jami Mosque, which refers to the mosque where the weekly Friday prayer

followed by Great Mosque of Kediri and Al Makmur


Mosque of Tanah Abang in Jakarta

the oldest surviving mosque in Indonesia with a dome.

Ancient Mosque of Indrapuri, Aceh, Indonesia.


Built in the Javanese/Hindu style between
1607-1636
Ancient Indrapuri mosque is a temple of the
Hindu Kingdom Lamuri around the 12th century
AD and is a place of worship before Islam in.
The mosque was built on top of a 12th-century
Hindu temple. Renovation occur in 1696 and
later in 1879.
Building the mosque stands on a land area
of 33 875 square meters, situated at a height of
4.8 meters above sea level and is located
about 150 meters from the river bank

The Ganting Grand


Mosque (Indonesian: Masjid Raya Ganting; also
written and pronounced Gantiang in Minang) is
a Sunni mosque located in
Ganting, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Construction began in 1805, making it the oldest
in Padang and one of the oldest in Indonesia. It is
a Cultural Property of Indonesia.
The one-floor establishment continues to be used
as a center for prayer, as well as religious
education; it also functions as a pesantren for the
community. The mosque is also a tourist
attraction.
It survived the tsunami which struck Padang
following the1833 Sumatra earthquake, but was
severely damaged after earthquakes in 2005
and 2009.

Mosque Gedhe Kauman ( Javanese : Mosque


Gedhe Kauman Karatons Ngayogyakarta ) is a
mosque highwayYogyakarta Sultanate , or the
Great Mosque of Yogyakarta , which lies to the
west of the complex Square North Kraton .
Kauman Gedhe Mosque complex is surrounded
by a high wall. The main door is located on the
east side of the complex with the
construction semar tinandu . The architecture of
the main building shaped tajug square roofs
covered with bertumpang three.

The Great Mosque of


Cirebon (Indonesian Masjid Agung
Cirebon), officially known as Masjid
Agung Sang Cipta Rasa, is one of the
oldest mosque in Indonesia. The mosque is
located in the west side of the field opposite
the Kraton Kasepuhan, Cirebon, Indonesia.
It has a tiered roof and is similar in style to
the Agung Mosque in Banten.

Sultan Suriansyah Mosque is the oldest


mosque in South Kalimantan. Built about 300
years ago during the reign of Sultan Suriansyah,
the first Banjarese King to convert to Islam. The
mosque is located in the village of Kuin Utara,
in Banjarmasin. This location was near the site
where the palace complex (Kampung Kraton)
was before annihilated by the colonial Dutch.
The roof is layered, showing Banjars pre-Islamic
architecture. Unique to old mosques of Banjar,
the mihrab has its own roof, separated from the
main building.

It is a grand Mosque located in the center


of Banda Aceh city, Aceh Province, Indonesia. The
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a symbol of religion,
culture, spirit, strength, struggle and nationalism
of Acehnese people. This Banda Aceh's landmark
Mosque has survived the devastating 2004 tsunami.
As a historic place that has high artistic value,
Baiturrahman Mosque became a place of religious
tourism is able to make every tourist who comes will
be amazed of the history and the beauty of its
architecture, which Baiturrahman Mosque is one of
the most beautiful mosques in Indonesia, which has
stunning architecture, carving Interestingly, large
yard with an Empire style of Moghul and Turkey and
will be felt cool if this was in the mosque.

Grand Mosque of Medan or known


as Masjid Raya Medan and Masjid Raya
Al Mashun is a mosque located in
Medan, Indonesia. The mosque was built in
the year 1906 and completed in 1909. In
beginning of its establishment, this mosque
merges with palace complex. Its
architectural style is typical Middle East,
India and Spain. This mosque has
octagonal shape Most imported building
materials such as: marble for decoration
imported from Italy, Germany and China
and the stained glass from the chandelier
directly from France.

Palembang Grand Mosque is one of the


inheritances of the Palembang Sultanate. This
mosque is known as the center of Palembang
city. It was built from 1738 to 1748 by Sultan
Mahmud Badaruddin I, also known as Sultan
Mahmud Badaruddin Jaya Wikramo. Some say it
was the largest mosque in Indonesia at that time.
When it was first built, it covered a land area
of 1,080 square meters (about 0.26 acres) with a
capacity of 1,200 persons. It was then expanded
by Sayid Umar bin Muhammad Assegaf Altoha
and Sayid Achmad bin Syech Sahab under the
leadership of Prince Nataagama Karta Mangala
Mustafa Ibnu Raden Kamaluddin.

Istiqlal Mosque, or Masjid Istiqlal, (Independence Mosque) in Jakarta, Indonesia is the largest mosque in
Southeast Asia. This national mosque of Indonesia was built to commemorate Indonesian independence and
named "Istiqlal", an Arabic word for "independence". The mosque was opened to the public 22 February 1978.
Within Jakarta, the mosque is positioned next to Merdeka Square and the Jakarta Cathedral.

The Great Mosque of Central Java (Indonesian: Masjid Agung Jawa Tengah or masjid agung) is a mosque in
the city of Semarang, Central Java. The mosque complex covers 10 hectares (25 acres). There are three central
buildings arranged in the shape of a U, with the domed mosque at the centre; all buildings have pitched, tiled
roofs, while the central mosque has four minarets. The central roof resembles the roof of a "joglo", the traditional
Javanese house, and symbolises the rising steps toward heaven or to gain God's blessing.