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Welcome to our presentation

The Missile Man

Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam

About the Legend

Full name :Dr Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul
Visit on the Planet:15th Oct 1931,at Dhanushkodi
in Rameswaram District,Tamil Nadu
Father:Jainulabdeen Marakayar,a boat owner
Has three siblings

Personal life
Abdul kalam personal life was full of struggles and hard work.
Kalam's father was a devout Muslim, who owned boats which he
rented out to local fishermen and was a good friend of Hindu
religious leaders and the school teachers at Rameshwaram. APJ
Abdul Kalam mentions in his biography that to support his studies,
he started his career as a newspaper vendor.On Wednesday April
29, 2009, Abdul kalam became the first Asian to be bestowed the
Hoover Medal, America's top engineering prize, for his outstanding
contribution to public service.Abdul Kalam is the Third President of
India to have been honoured with a Bharat Ratna before being
elected to the highest office, the others being Sarvapalli
Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hussain .

Primary education was from Rameshwaram elementary school.
Later he settled in schwartz, Ramanathapuram
where he was highly inspired by his teacher IYADURAI
SOLOMON,who told to master three forces desire,belief and
In 1950 he joined St Joseph college at Tiruchirapalli to do B.Sc
He joined DMIT in Aeronautical Engineering at MIT,Madas(19541957)
In 1958,after passing as a graduate,aeronautical engineer,he joined
Hindustan Aeronautical Limited(HAL),Bangalore as a trainee.

As an aerospace engineer
After graduating in Physics from St. Joseph's College in
Tiruchirapalli, Abdul Kalam graduated with a diploma in the mid1950s from Madras Institute of Technology specializing in
Aeronautical Engineering .As the Project Director, he was heavily
involved in the development of India's first indigenous Satellite
Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). As Chief Executive of Integrated Guided
Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), he also played a major
part in developing many missiles of India including Agni and Prithvi.
Although the entire project has been criticised for being overrun and
mismanaged. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to Prime Minister
and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development
from July 1992 to December 1999. Pokhran-II nuclear tests were
conducted during this period, and have been associated with Kalam
although he was not directly involved with the nuclear programme at
the time.

Political Views

Kalam's belief in the power of technology to resolve society's

problems and his views of these problems as a result of inefficient
distribution of resources is modernistic.

He also sees science and technology as ideology-free areas and

emphasizes the cultivation of scientific temper and entrepreneurial
In this, he finds a lot of support among India's new business
leaders like the founders of Infosys and Wipro, who began their
careers as technology professionals much in the same way Kalam

His book "India 2020" strongly advocates an action plan to

develop India into a knowledge superpower and into a
developed nation by the year 2020.
Kalam is credited with the view that India ought to take a
more assertive stance in international relations.
he regards his work on India's nuclear weapons program
as a way to assert India's place as a future superpower.

Major Contributions
He helped in the development of Indias first Satellite Launch Vehicle SLV3,in1980 which helped India to become the member of Space Club by
injecting Rohini, in Earths nearest orbit.
In 1982, as Director of DRDO, Kalam was entrusted with the Integrated
Guided Missile Development Programme(IGMDP), India's most successful
military research task to date. The programme constituted of 5 major
projects for meeting the requirements of the defence services and for
establishing re-entry technology.
He played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in Indias
Pokhran-II Nuclear test in 1998.
He served as a principal scientific adviser to the Defense Minister and later
Govt of India (1999-2001) and was responsible for evolving policies,
strategies and missions for many development applications.

The 5 projects were scheduled to be completed in a time
frame of only 10 years and consisted of:
(1) Nag - an anti-tank guided missile
(2) Prithvi - a surface-to-surface battlefield missile
(3) Akash - a swift, medium-range surface-to-air missile
(4) Trishul - a quick-reaction surface-to-air missile with a
shorter range
(5) Agni - an intermediate range ballistic missile, the mightiest

As Chairman, Technology Information, Forecasting and

Assessment Council (TIFAC), he generated the
Technology Vision 2020 documents.
Dr. Kalam has served as the Principal Scientific Advisor
to the Government of India, in the rank of Cabinet
Minister, from November 1999 to November 2001.
Dr. Kalam was also the Chairman, Ex-officio, of the
Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet (SAC-C).

Achievements - Apart from being a notable scientist and
engineer, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam served as the 11th President of
India from the period 2002 to 2007. He is a man of vision, who
is always full of ideas aimed at the development of the country
and is also often also referred to as the Missile Man of India.
People loved and respected Dr APJ Abdul Kalam so much
during his tenure as President that was popularly called the
People's President.
He is the first scientist and a bachelor to chair the position of a
president holding the largest Democracy.

He received honorary doctorates from about 30 universities
globally. In the year 1981, the Government of India
presented him the nation's highest civilian honor, the Padma
Bhushan and then again, the Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and
the Bharat Ratna in 1997. Before Kalam, there have been
only two presidents - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir
Hussain - to have received the Bharat Ratna before being
appointed to the highest office in India.
He is a man of vision, who is always full of ideas aimed at
the development of the country and is also often also
referred to as the Missile Man of India

On 29 April 2009,he became the first Asian to
be bestowed upon Americas top Engineering
award ,Hoovers medal.
He received Dr.Biren Roy Space Award
Om Prakash Basin Award for Science and
National Nehru Award
Arya Bhatt Award etc

Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of APJ Abdul Kalam .
Scientist to President by Abdul A.P.J. Kalam;
Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam;
India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
India-my-dream by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal
Transformation by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam;
Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life
Children Ask Kalam by A.P.J Abdul Kalam;
Indomitable Spirit by A.P.J Abdul Kalam

Some interesting
information about the

Kalam begins his day by reading from the Bhagwad Gita.

Kalam is leading a remarkable ascetic life.

He works for about 18 hours each day.

He plays the 'Rudra Veena'.

Took leave just twice, when his parents died.

He is a self-confessed 'Ram Bhakt'.

Current Status
He always remain linked with the academics,say before
becoming a president he worked with Annamalai University till
He is the Chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and
A Professor at Anna University,(Chennai)
Visiting faculty at many academic and Research institutions
across India.
He is the member of Indian Academy of Sciences
,Astronautical Society of India and many other professional

Learnings from the story

Must have a passion to do the work that you are in.

Be a visionary
Must have certain rational principles in life which
one should always abide by.
Be down to earth.
Learn to master DESIRE,EXPECT and BELIEF

His Personality Traits

Inherited Honesty, self
Committed and
discipline, and Faith in
dedicated for work
Goodness from his parents
Hard Working
Positive thinker
Possess Perseverance
Passionate for the work
Highly spiritual
Loving and caring