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# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Name
Designation
Branch
Institute
Year/Semester
Subject
Sub-code
Topic
Duration
Sub-topic

: M. Amarnath,
: Lecturer
: ECE
: GPW Palamaner, Chittoor Dist
: III Semester
: Digital Electronics
: CM-305
: Combinational Circuits(1/5)
: 50min
: Applications of Multiplexers

Teaching Aids

: PPT,Diagrams,Circuits.
CM305.61

OBJECTIVES

## On completion of this period, you will be able to

Describe about function of multiplexers and
Know the Applications of Multiplexers

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Recap

Logic Gates
Arithmetic Circuits
Flip Flops
Counters and Registers

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X1
X2

## Combinational logic circuit

Xm

Y1
Y2
Yn

Yi=f(X1,X2,Xm)
The inputs (X1,X2,..Xm) and outputs(Y1,Y2..Yn) are function of time

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## Sequential logic circuits

The output is not only function of present inputs

devices

Primary
inputs

Outputs
Combinational
circuit

Feed back
Storage device
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## Examples of Combinational Circuits

Arithmetic Circuits like Adders, Subtractors, comparators
Multiplexers and Demultiplexers
Encoders and Decoders

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Multiplexer (MUX)
A Digital circuit that sends data from any one of many
lines on to a single line
X

1
....

NX1
MUX

N
...
Si
s1 s
2
X X . . . XN - N INPUTS
1

S1 S2 . . . Si
Y- The output

## Inputs for selecting any one of N inputs

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4 x 1 Multiplexer
Selects any one of the 4 inputs and sent to the single
output.
To Select any one of 4 inputs, 2 select inputs are
required
since 22 = 4
A
B
C
D

4X1
MUX

S1
Logic
symbol

S0

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CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
A

S
O

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Truth Table
SELECT INPUTS

OUTPUT

S1

S0

0
0

0
1

A
B

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Application of Multiplexers/Displays

MUX

2-1line

MUX
2-1line

BCD
Decoder
/Driver

Ones

BCD
Decoder
/Driver

Tens

## There are several

examples in the text
of application of a
multiplexer or MUX.
Here is one where
the code from two
different sources
can be displayed on
the numbers by use
of a multiplexer.
This is good
because it reduces
the need for lots of
displays.

Data Selector
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Summary
A detailed discussion has been carried on
Combinational Circuits
Multiplexers
Combinational Circuits
The output is mere result of the Combination of inputs
present at that instant.
Multiplexer ( Data selector )
Selects data from any one of the input lines.
The status of select inputs decide the input line to be
selected and transferred on to the output line.
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QUIZ
1)

## The function of multiplexer.

a) Comparison
c) Multiplication
d) Data selection

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2.

Multiplexer.

a) 3
b) 10
c) 4
d) 1

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Questions

1.

2.

## Explain the operation of 4x1 Multiplexer with neat block

diagram and logic circuit diagram.

3.

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