Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16

DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH
Name
Designation
Branch
Institute
Year/Semester
Subject
Sub-code
Topic
Duration
Sub-topic

: M. Amarnath,
: Lecturer
: ECE
: GPW Palamaner, Chittoor Dist
: III Semester
: Digital Electronics
: CM-305
: Combinational Circuits(1/5)
: 50min
: Applications of Multiplexers

Teaching Aids

: PPT,Diagrams,Circuits.
CM305.61

OBJECTIVES

On completion of this period, you will be able to


Describe about function of multiplexers and
Know the Applications of Multiplexers

CM305.61

Recap

Logic Gates
Arithmetic Circuits
Flip Flops
Counters and Registers

CM305.61

Logic circuits are classified into

Combinational logic circuits

Sequential logic circuits

CM305.61

Combinational logic circuits

The output is function of logic inputs present at that time

X1
X2

Combinational logic circuit

Xm

Y1
Y2
Yn

Yi=f(X1,X2,Xm)
The inputs (X1,X2,..Xm) and outputs(Y1,Y2..Yn) are function of time

CM305.61

Sequential logic circuits


The output is not only function of present inputs

But also depends upon past inputs and outputs

The past inputs and outputs are stored in memory or storage


devices

Primary
inputs

Outputs
Combinational
circuit

Feed back
Storage device
CM305.61

Examples of Combinational Circuits


Arithmetic Circuits like Adders, Subtractors, comparators
Multiplexers and Demultiplexers
Encoders and Decoders

CM305.61

Multiplexer (MUX)
A Digital circuit that sends data from any one of many
lines on to a single line
X

1
....

NX1
MUX

N
...
Si
s1 s
2
X X . . . XN - N INPUTS
1

S1 S2 . . . Si
Y- The output

Inputs for selecting any one of N inputs


CM305.61

4 x 1 Multiplexer
Selects any one of the 4 inputs and sent to the single
output.
To Select any one of 4 inputs, 2 select inputs are
required
since 22 = 4
A
B
C
D

4X1
MUX

S1
Logic
symbol

S0

CM305.61

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
A

S
O

CM305.61

10

Truth Table
SELECT INPUTS

OUTPUT

S1

S0

0
0

0
1

A
B

CM305.61

11

Application of Multiplexers/Displays

MUX

2-1line

MUX
2-1line

BCD
Decoder
/Driver

Ones

BCD
Decoder
/Driver

Tens

There are several


examples in the text
of application of a
multiplexer or MUX.
Here is one where
the code from two
different sources
can be displayed on
the numbers by use
of a multiplexer.
This is good
because it reduces
the need for lots of
displays.

Data Selector
CM305.61

12

Summary
A detailed discussion has been carried on
Combinational Circuits
Multiplexers
Combinational Circuits
The output is mere result of the Combination of inputs
present at that instant.
Multiplexer ( Data selector )
Selects data from any one of the input lines.
The status of select inputs decide the input line to be
selected and transferred on to the output line.
CM305.61

13

QUIZ
1)

The function of multiplexer.

a) Comparison
b) Addition
c) Multiplication
d) Data selection

CM305.61

14

2.

The no. of select inputs required for10X1


Multiplexer.

a) 3
b) 10
c) 4
d) 1

CM305.61

15

Questions

1.

Explain the function of Combinational Circuits.

2.

Explain the operation of 4x1 Multiplexer with neat block


diagram and logic circuit diagram.

3.

Mention the applications of Multiplexers.

CM305.61

16