Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 71

COMPUTER HARDWARE

SERVICING NC II

AGENDA
Unit of competency
Summary questions
Inventory
Occupational Health and Safety
Disassembly and Assembly of PC
Software installations
Computer configurations

Device

driver installation
Cabling configurations
Networking
Electronics symbols
Acronyms
Oral question and answer

UNIT OF COMPETENCY

Install Computer System and Networks


Diagnose and Troubleshoot Computer
System
Configure Computer System and
Networks
Maintain Computer System and Networks

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING


SUMMARY GUIDE QUESTIONS

Can I
Plan

Yes or No

and Prepare work to ensure


occupational health and safety (OHS)
policies and procedures are followed. Yes
Obtain materials, tools, equipment and
testing devices needed to conform the job
requirements. Yes
Interpret work instructions according to the
job requirements. Yes

Obtain

computer
components/devices/systems and
determines its location prior to
installation. Yes
Install equipment/devices/systems in
accordance with the job requirements. Yes
Check/test devices/systems and/ or
installations to determine the conformity to
the job requirements. Yes
Check computer systems and networks for
configuration in accordance with the
specification and requirements. Yes

Diagnose

fault or problem in the computer


systems and networks in line with the
standard operating procedure. Yes
Configure the identified systems and
networks based on the specifications and
job requirements. Yes
Inspect and test configured computer
systems and networks in conformity with
manufacturer's instructions/manual. Yes
Correct/adjust components or parts of
computer system and networks in
accordance with job requirements. Yes

Test

computer systems and networks to ensure


safe operation. Yes
Performs scheduled/periodic maintenance in
accordance with manufacturer's
requirements. Yes
Make needed repairs/replacements in
accordance with established procedures when
necessary. Yes
Document tasks undertaken in the accordance
with standard operation procedure (SOP). Yes
Clean and clear worksite of all surplus/excess
materials in accordance with company standard
operation procedure(SOP). Yes

IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER

FILLED UP THE FOLLOWING


Candidates

Name : Name of students


Candidates signature : your signature
Date : Date of exam
Assessor's Name : Name of
examiner/ask if necessary

INVENTORY

MATERIALS
Computer

Casing ( Mini Tower Casing)


Mother Board (Socket 478 / LGA 775)
Microprocessor (Pentium 4 / Core2Duo)
Power Supply (ATX 500 Watts)
Memory modules (DDR1 /DDR2)
Video Card (AGP/PCIE)
Modem
Drives (Optical / Hard disk drives)
Cables
AVR

TOOLS
Anti

Static protection (wrist wrap)


Pliers
Screw drivers
Multi-meter (VOLT OHM Meter)
Cable Tester
Crimping tool
Side Cutter
Gloves
UTP Cable
Cable tie
Logic Probe

WORK AREA
Table

/ work board
Rubber matt
Extension power cord ( 220V )

EQUIPMENT
Printer

Personal

Computer with LAN

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
AND SAFETY

OHS
Always

ground yourself before touching


any part of the computer
Do not work alone
Be careful with tools that may cause
short circuit
Replace only fuses with those proper
ratings

Wear

safety glasses for protection against


sparks and metal fragmented
Use only grounded plugs and receptacles
Working area should have ventilations,
trash can , fire exit and capable of being
disinfect.
Keep one hand in your pocket when
working live circuit.
Wear rubber sole shoes when standing on
the ground or in a concrete floor.

Always

power off and unplug the


computer before working on it.
Wear hard hat when someone working
above you
When making circuit changes, switch
off and unplug the power cord from the
equipment then discharge the
capacitors.

PC ASSEMBLY AND
DISASSEMBLY

PC ASSEMBLY
Discharge

yourself before touching


any part of the computer.
Apply 5S . Segregate and arrange the
computer peripherals .
Casing configurations. Open the case
and install the power supply.
Mother board configurations. Install the
CPU, CPU fan and RAM.

Install

the motherboard to the case and

screw.
Connect the power, switches and IDE
connectors to the mother board.
Inspect all connectors, be sure that it is
in a proper places and tighten.
Connect the external part peripherals
Switch on the computer system

PC DISASSEMBLY
Switch

off and unplug the computer from the


power source.
Disconnect all the external connector
peripherals.
Open the case.
Unplug all the internal connectors from the
mother board.
Unscrew the power supply.
Unscrew all the drives (HDD,CDROM and
Floppy drives)
Unscrew the mother board.

BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING


Beep

coding trouble shooting.


Component isolation
RAM isolation
Equipment isolation

SOFTWARE
INSTALLATION

CMOS/BIOS/POST CONFIGURATIONS
CMOS

Configuration. Press delete key


for 5 to 10 seconds upon booting the
computer to enter the CMOS Setup Utility
for the CLONE Computers
Change the booting sequence into
CDROM/DVDROM first to boot.
Insert the CD OS installer .
Press any key. Forcing the system to
boot from CDROM drive in which the CD
OS installer located. Then follow screen
instruction.

PARTITIONING THE HARD DISK DRIVE


Press D key in order to delete partition
Press C key in order to create partition
Press L key to confirm the deletion of
the partition
Delete the existing capacity eg.
40000mb. Then enter new required
capacity eg. 20000mb.

FORMATTING THE HARD DISK DRIVE


Choose

NTFS quick formatting to


quickly format your hard disk.

Note: Best practice is selecting


NTFS because it can handle larger
than 32 gig capacity , supports filelevel security compression and
auditing, and has the ability of file
and folder encryption.

PRODUCT KEY
Comes

from the vendor or someone


who give the OS. Normally it is place
at the cover of the CD.

COMPUTER NAME
ORGANIZATIONS / WORKGROUP
Put

the unique computer name eg.


your name
Put the organization as simple as
possible eg. home or office.
Put the workgroup as simple as
possible eg. tesda or lsgh or anhs

FIREWALL CONFIGURATION STAGE


Select

On the firewall or the tab which


indicated as RECOMMENDED.

INTERNET CONFIGURATION STAGE


Select skip. Please note that the LAN
card is not yet configure so there is no
chance that you can connect directly to
the internet/network at this stage.

CREATING PRIME USER


You

must create prime user account


other than administrator in order to
continue the installation. Use user
account as simple as possible eg.
User1.

DEVICE DRIVER INSTALLATION


Manual

and automatic installation. Before


installation please visit the device manager
tab to view the hardware components
device software installed or not.
Automatic installation. Place the CD device
software installer in to the CDROM Drive
then wait until it prompt then follow screen
instructions.
Manual installation. It is recommended for
trouble shooting / isolation purposes.

PRINTER INSTALLATION
For

old printers such as dot matrix etc.


Connect the printer cable to the system
units printer port. Connect the power
cord to the outlet then switch ON the
printer.
Insert the CD printer installer. Allow the
System to detect the printer. Install the
printer driver software automatic or
manual technique.

CABLE
CONFIGURATIONS AND
NETWORKING

SHARING THE PRINTER


After

installing the printers driver


software there will be an icon created
inside the printer/fax tab icon in the
control panel.
Locate the appropriate printers name
then right click. Click the sharing
security, then click OK.

ACRONYMS
Advance Technology Attachment
RAM Random Access Memory
SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic Random
Access Memory
DRAM Dynamic Random Access
Memory
EDO RAM Extended Data Output
Random Access Memory
ATX

Single Inline Memory Module


DIMM Double Inline Memory Module
RIMM Rambus Inline Memory Module
AT Advance Technology
USB Universal Serial Bus
IEEE Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineer
OHS Occupational Health and Safety
SIMM

Basic Input Output System


ISA Industry Standard Architecture
PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture
VESA Video Electronics Standard Association
IDE Integrated Drive Electronics
SCSI Small Computer System Interface
CMOS Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
ROM Read Only Memory
DDR Double Data Rate
CPU Central Processing Unit
UDMA Ultra Direct Memory Access
BIOS

Sort
Sanitize
Sweep
Systematize
Self Discipline
Sustain
Safety
Separate
Standard
Save the Environment

10 S

ELECTRONIC SYMBOLS
Resistor

Variable

resistor

Capacitor
Variable
Coil

capacitor

or Inductor

Diode
Zener
Loud

diode

speaker

Crystal

oscillator

Transistor

Transformer
Fuse
Relay

Battery
Microphone
Posistor

Integrated

Circuit

Ground

Chasis

Ground

System

Switch

( SPST)
Single Pole Single Throw

Switch

( SPDT)
Single Pole Double Throw

Switch

( DPST)
Double Pole Single Throw

Switch ( DPDT)
Double Pole Double Throw

Rotary

Switch
Single Pole (4 positions)

Rotary

Switch
Double Pole (4 positions)

ORAL QUESTION AND


ACCEPTABLE ANSWER

SET A

You

have just installed Windows 98. During testing


, it fails to start after the starting Windows 98
message appear. What should you do to
troubleshoot this problem? Name at least two
ways.
a. Type Win/D:M add the command prompt
to start windows.
b. Press F8 when Windows restarting and
select safe mode

You

have configured a dual boot system


consisting Windows 98 in FAT 32 partition and
Windows 2000 using NTFS partition. You check
your Windows 2000 installation and it looked
good. However, when you boot to Windows 98 you
can not see the files in the NTFS partition. What
might be the source of the problem?

Windows 98 is not compatible with NTFS

You

successfully install Windows 2000 Professional


and you want to check your drives for errors. Name
one way of checking for errors.
Disk Defragmenter. Open control panel,
click
administrative tool,
click
computer management and
within the
storage tab
click disk
defragmenter

You

want to setup a dual boot scenario between


Windows 98 and Windows 2000. How would you do
this?
Partition your hard drive.
Install
Windows 98 first.
And
install Windows 2000
to the
second partition.

customer complains that his hard disk is making


lots of noise. After examining the computer and
hearing the noise for your self, you notice that high
pitch noise seems to be coming from the fan in the
power supply. Which component should be
replaced?
Power Supply

What part of HP Laser printer is malfunction if you


receive a 50 service error?
FUSER

customer complains that he cant get his


computer to work. When she turn it on, she gets no
video and hears a series of beeps. The beeps are
in the sequence of one long beep, then two short
beeps. You tell the customer to bring the machine
in. Upon further examination you are able to
identify the problem. What should be your next
step? What is the error?
Replace the video card
be sure that it is tighten

What

is indicated by a 201 error at system start

up?
Bad memory. Most of the error
begins
with 2 indicate
memory error of
some sort.
What

two command files are used by DOS to


configure the computer?
Autoexec.bat and Config.sys

You

install a newly purchase sound card into your


computer, but upon rebooting you find that the new
device is not recognized by the system. Moreover,
your modem, which has always worked perfectly, has
stopped functioning. What is probably the problem?
The sound card is using
the
same IRQ as the modem

What is the correct way to use the protocol utility


IPCONFIG in a Windows 2000 environment?
Choose start, click run and type
cmd then press enter key.
At the command prompt
type
IPCONFIG

Transmission

Control Protocol/Internet Protocol


(TCP/IP) is a collection of protocols that help
manage the internet communication. Each
computer running TCP/IP must have a unique IP
address assigned to it. What is an IP address?
Describe the format?
An IP address is set of four numbers,
each
of which must be from 0 to 255.

What

is the correct sequence to start Windows


2000 backup program?
Choose start-Programs-then
Accessories- then System Toolsthen
Backup.

Youve

setup a network whereby each computer


act as a client and a server and in which each user
shares each others resources, including printers.
What is the correct term for such arrangement?
Peer to peer networking

Sending

and receiving electronic mail (e-mail) is a


common benefit of the internet. Assuming a user
has access to the internet on a properly configure
PC. What is before a user can begin using e-mail?
E-mail account and e-mail client

What

is the name of the executable file for


Microsoft Backup for DOS? For Windows 3.x?
MSBACKUP.EXE

What

would you type at a DOS command line to


start the Microsoft Anti-Virus?
Type MSAV at the command prompt.

What

program in the control panel can be used to


create a startup disk.?
Add/Remove Programs

What

is the final option in the Configure Screen


menu?
Compatibility test

The

MSBACKUP Program in DOS receives its


settings from what file?
SET file

SET B

Which

Windows NT 4.0 utility should you use after


installing a new hard drive to make usable?
Disk Administrator

Which is the proper command to install Windows


2000 recovery console as a startup option in the CD
Rom in drive E?
E:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons.

During the Windows 2000 setup, you are ask to


choose between NTFS file system and the FAT
filesystem. Can you site disadvantage on NTFS?
NTFS is more sophisticated file system
however it is not compatible with DOS.

After

the successful upgrading to Windows 2000,


what should you do with the temporary files
generated during the setup process?
Nothing. Because all generated
temporary files are automatically
remove during the process.

You are preparing the computer for dual booting


between Windows 98 and 2000. Your drive is
partitioned, and Windows 98 is already installed.
What should be your next step?
You must choose FAT
for Windows 2000 partition

Which

of the following is not the Windows 2000 key


Boot file? Why?
Autoexec.bat This is the key boot for Windows
3.1 and 9X are not necessary for Windows 2000

What is the most likely cause of a paper jam on a


dot matrix printer?
Obstructed paper path

HP

printer laser jet III printer is not printing at all.


The computer indicates that the device on LPT1 is
not ready You perform a service self test o the
printer and it prints on the page of vertical lines with
no problem. The front panel self test does not work,
however which component do you suspect is giving
you the problem
The Formatter

computer is experiencing random reboots and


phantom problems that disappear after reboot .
What should you do?
Open the cover and reset all cards and chips

Using either a Windows 9X or Windows 2000


workstation, what components do you need to connect
to a Microsoft network server?
Protocol, client and adapter

You are enable file and printer sharing on your


Windows 9X system. You must now specify how
security will be handled. What could be the options?
Share level Access Control
and
User level control
A Windows 9x workstation includes default support for
what network OS/client types?
MS Windows Networking and Novells Netware
within a Windows 9x workstation, clients are
provided for Microsoft and Novell Network

What is the third element required to configure a


Windows 2000 system as a network client? A client,
an adapter, and ______?
Protocol
What would you need to do to create a new dial-up
networking (DUN) connection within a Windows 9x
system?
Choose: Start-Programs-Accessories: choose and
click Dial up networking then double click Make
new connection. Or double click My computer
icon on the desktop then click dial up networking.

What would you use to map a network drive in both


Windows 9x and Windows 2000?
Map network Drive

What type of back up involves selecting the files you


want to back up as well as when you want them to
backup?
Custom backup

There are several pieces of backup hardware that are


currently available. Of the following, which is not valid
backup hardware?
Stationary hard disk

Which

type of backup that backup files on a disk that


has changed since the last full backup?
Differential backup