Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 26

Figures

Height:
Architectur
al

83.8 meter / 275 feet

Height: To
Tip

83.8 meter / 275 feet

Floors
Above
Ground

27

Tower GFA

12,000 m / 129,167 ft

Companies Involved
Architect
Associates
Main Contractor

Charles Correa
Larsen & Toubro

The building had to be oriented east


west to capture prevailing sea breeze and
views to the city. But also the orientation
for hot sun and heavy rains.

Solution in old bungalows wrapping a


protective layer of verandahs around the
main living areas
Kanchanjunga an attempt to apply these
principles to a high-rise building.
This building has 32 different apartments
with 4 types of flats varying from 3 to 6
bedrooms.
Interlocking of these variations expressed
externally by shear end walls that hold up
the cantilevers.

Minimalist surfaces cut away to open up


double-height terrace gardens at the corners.

Complex spatial organization of living spaces

With its concrete construction and large areas


of white panels, bears a strong resemblance to
modern apartment buildings in the West
Towers proportion 1:4 (21 sqm and 84 m
high)

Garden terraces actually a modern


interpretation of a feature of the traditional
Indian bungalow: the verandah

Each apartment provided with a deep, twostory-high garden terrace that is oriented away
from the sun so as to afford protection from
the elements

STRUCTURE

COLORS

Vidhan Sabha, Bhopal

CONCEPT

The majestic work combines a modern sensibility with themes derived from

traditional architecture in harmonium way. The tradition and mythological beliefs


of the country is conceived in the design in the form of Navgraha mandal, the
Hindu pattern of nine squares within a square which describes the universe and
nine planets (some of them mythic).

The nine grahas of the Navgraha mandal are surya, Chandra, kuja (mangala),

Buddha, curve, sukha, shani, rahu and ketu. Each compartment of square is
dedicated to one god. The basic concept lies in the depiction of whole M.P. state
within one building which is highest political representation of M.P. hence
represents by Navgraha mandal.

SPACES IN VIDHAN SABHA

The upper house Vidhan Parishad (75 members)


The lower house Vidhan Sabha (231 members)
The combined hall

Library
The speakers office
The chief minister office
The chief secretary and supporting staff office.
The ministers and P.As office (70 nos.)
Services, utilities, and parking facilities.

Deep understanding of the


Vedic principles

It was commissioned in 1980 but


did not begin construction till
1983,
and
was
ultimately
completed in 1993.
The plan is a series of gardens
within gardens. The administrative
offices are used to define a pattern
of nine compartments.
The five central ones are halls and
courtyards, with the four corners
occupied by specialized functions.
Besides the Vidhan Sabha (336
members)
and
the
Vidhan
Parishad(75 members) there are
suites and offices for the speaker of
the house, for the chief ministers,
for the chief secretary and their
supporting staffs, as well as 70
offices for the minister with their
P.As. together with committee
rooms and section office.

Correa has used open to sky courtyards and a labyrinthine pattern of


pathways to organise the complex requirements of adminstrative and
legislative functions.

The whole composition is enclosed by a wall that defines its exterior form
like a circular inner city- a model of the city of Baghdad. This approach has
generated an interesting roofs cape and skylines, too often missing in
contemporary architecture, the use of gateways and domes and a tower to
develop the imagery of this landmark complex is very much in the tradition
of the harmonic order found in the traditional architecture of islam

The Navgraha mandal is complimented

by a number of other features which in


turn represents the state and the
building. The form of the biggest
assembly chamber (the Vidhan Sabha)
was from the great Buddhist stupa at
Sanchi. The plan is a series of garden

within gardens, with the administrative


offices

defining

compartments.

pattern

of

nine

FORM
The Vidhan Bhavan is a huge building, covering

an area of more than 32,000 sq. meters of built


space.

The

whole building presents as extremely


pleasing vision of powerful curves and straight
vertical and horizontal lines.

Charles Correa has developed a deep


understanding of the Vedic principles of
architecture, from which has emerged an extra
ordinary synthesis of the totally traditional with
the totally modern, The Kund", which is
ritualistically dedicated to Surya and which is
central to both ancient and medieval architecture
in India, is almost a signature of Charles Correa
and, therefore, the main entrance to the Vidhan
Bhavan is through the Kund area.

FUNCTION
There is also a provision for Vidhan Parishad hall but

now its being used as a conference hall. It houses


about 75 members. Its roof has been designed as an
inclined space truss covered with 150 mm thick
R.C.C. slab

Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya (195863)


in Ahmedabad
Material used:
Tiled roof
Brick wall
Stone floor
Wooden floor

Light and ventilation by operable wooden


louvers
These elements combine to form a pattern
of tiled roofs which are grouped in casual
meandering pattern, creating a pathway
along

which

the

visitors

progresses

towards the centrality of the water court

Philosophy:
Successfully shows the life of Gandhiji
Minimalist architecture
Material honesty
Contemporary architecture
Glow of spaces

Gandhi ashram

Water court at center

The Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya (Gandhi Memorial Institution)

is a museum and public service institution dedicated to preserve the


work and memory and commemorate the life of Indian
leader Mahatma Gandhi.
It is located in Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, as well as in the
state of West Bengal.