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Chapter 1

Basic DC Circuits

Objectives
Distinguish between dc and ac and
discuss some of the basic properties of
each.
State and describe the basic circuit
variables including charge, voltage,
current, power, and energy.
Define resistance and conductance and
show the schematic symbol.
2

Objectives
State the properties of the ideal voltage
source and ideal current source models
and show their schematic symbols.
State and apply Ohms law.
Discuss voltage and current
measurements and how they are made.
State and apply Kirchoffs voltage law.
State and apply Kirchoffs current law.
3

Objectives
Determine equivalent resistance using
series and parallel combinations.
Analyze a single-loop (series) circuit to
determine all the variables.
Analyze a single node-pair (parallel) circuit
to determine all the variables.
State and apply the voltage divider rule.
State and apply the current divider rule.

1-1 DC Circuit Variables

Comparison of a DC Voltage and an AC


Voltage

Conventional Current Flow in Opposite


Direction to Electron Flow

Voltage Between Two Points in a Circuit

Schematic Symbols for an Ideal Voltage


Source and a Battery

Schematic Symbol for an Ideal Current


Source

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Schematic Symbol for a Resistance

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Illustration of a Short Circuit and an Open


Circuit

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1-2 A Very Simple DC Circuit

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Simple Circuit Used to Illustrate Ohms


Law

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Different Types of Ground

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Simple Circuit Redrawn with Ground


Symbols

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1-3 Measuring DC Circuit Variables

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A Voltmeter is Connected Between Two


Points in a Circuit Across Which the
Voltage is to be Measured

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An Ammeter is Connected Within the


Branch for Which Current is to be
Measured

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1-4 Power and Energy

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Reference Directions for Power Delivered

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Reference Directions for Power Absorbed

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1-5 Kirchoffs Laws

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A Loop Used to Illustrate Kirchoffs


Voltage Law

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Illustration of Kirchoffs Current Law at a


Node

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Circuit of Example 1-8

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Circuit of Example 1-9

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1-6 Equivalent Resistance

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Resistances in Series and the Equivalent


Single Resistance

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Resistances in Parallel and the


Equivalent Single Resistance

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Circuit of Example 1-10

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Reduction of the Circuit of Example 1-10

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1-7 Single-Loop or Series Circuit

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Representative Single-Loop (Series)


Circuit

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Circuit of Example 1-11

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Circuit of Example 1-12

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1-8 Single Node-Pair or Parallel Circuit

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Single Node-Pair (Parallel) Circuit

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Representative Parallel Circuit with


Current Sources

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Circuit of Example 1-13

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Circuit of Example 1-14

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1-9 Voltage and Current Divider Rules

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Circuit Used to Illustrate the Voltage


Divider Rule

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Circuit Used to Illustrate the Current


Divider Rule

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Circuit of Example 1-15

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Circuit of Example 1-16

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