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Introduction

Transport problems in Indian cities


Causes
Comparative analysis of four
metropolitan cities
Case study- Pune , Bangalore
Conclusion

As India is becoming urbanized, urban


areas play a critical role in sustaining
economic growth.
City efficiency largely depends upon the
effectiveness of its transport systems
Poor transport systems stifle economic
growth and development
Thus , transport is backbone of countrys
development.
Means of transportation in city private
owned vehicles, government owned
vehicles and intermediate vehicle
services.

Motorized trips demand will continue to


grow faster than the population due to
economic and motorization growth
motorization is growing faster than the
population (more than 10%/year for sale of
cars and 2/3 wheelers over the past 5
years)
Traffic congestion and parking difficultiesAccessing jobs, education, recreation and
similar activities is becoming increasingly
time consuming. Billions of man hours are
lost with people stuck in traffic.

Increased fuel consumption


Increasing levels of noise and
air pollution
cost of travel
Safety issues

Poor condition of public transport

Increasing urban population


addition to routine urban transportation,
and contributing substantially to the
congestion, are networks of auto-rickshaws
and two-wheelers, as well as bullock carts
and hand-pulled rickshaws
There has been a staggering 100 fold
increase in the population of motorized
vehicles, however, the expansion in the
road network has not been commensurate
with this increase
Use of Low quality fuels
Quality of roads

(Kolkata) has a density of 814.80 vehicles, the


highest among per km road length as
compared to 766.31 for Mumbai, followed by
616.58 Chennai and 170 Delhi.
But in terms of vehicle population Delhi topped
the list of metros with 44 lakh, followed by 16.44
lakh in Chennai, 14 lakh in Mumbai and 11.44
lakh in Kolkata.
On the other hand, Kolkata has the minimum
road length among all the metros with 1,404
km, followed by 1,800 km in Chennai, 1,900 km
in Mumbai and 25,948 km in Delhi

Delhi has highest registered vehicles


followed by Chennai , Mumbai and
Kolkata.
Kolkata's vehicular traffic is very much in
the fast lane despite the metropolis
having the highest density of vehicles per
kilometre among all metros.
One of the prime concerns in traffic
management was slow-moving vehicles.

The city once called the cycle-city is now


commonly referred to as a motor-cycle
city
The traffic problem in city like Pune is
increasing with every passing day.
The fatality rate is one person a day or 10 to
15 a week which is very high.
Bad condition of city roads
Encroachment on footpaths that
contributes in poor discipline in pedestrians
who are forced to use roads to walk
Auto drivers are the curse in the city as they
dominate the roads and take dangerous
cuts to go ahead and risks the lives of their
passengers

Absence of functional hierarchy of road


network results into mixing up of local
and regional traffic
There is a lack of adequate public
transport. Existing service standards are
poor. The bus fleet is old. Public transport
accounts for only 15 percent of the
vehicle kilometres travelled in the city.
Growing private vehicles are leading to
congestion.
There is a lack of civic sense towards
traffic
Various bottle necks at junctions

Bangalore is amongst fastest growing


cities in Asia
Bangalore has 37.9 lakh registered
vehicles
Absence of Mass Transit System
Existing public transport system is over
crowded during peak hours
There is substantial increase in average
household income. This has led to high
private vehicle ownership

Two-Wheelers accounts for


75% of all motorized
vehicles
Congestion, high traffic
density, slow speeds,
delays, high travel cost are
due to high vehicle
ownership
Ever increasing vehicular
growth is making the
situation worse
Inadequate transportation
infrastructure . Existing
infrastructure cant cope
with the increasing
demand

Transport demand in most of the Indian cities has increased


substantially due to increase in population as a result of
both natural increase and migration from rural areas and
smaller towns. Availability of motorized transport, increase in
household income, and increase in commercial and
industrial activities has further added to it. Unfortunately,
public transport systems in Indian cities have not been able
to keep pace with the rapid and substantial increase in
travel demand. Rail based public transport services and
well-organized bus transport services are limited to few big
cities only. Qualitatively, the available public transport
services are overcrowded particularly during peak hours
and involve long waiting periods. As a result, there is a
massive shift towards personalized transport, specially cars
and two-wheelers, and also proliferation of various types of
intermediate public transport modes, such as autorickshaws and taxis.