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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRAPRADESH
Name
Designation
Branch
Institute

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Year/ Semester
Subject
Subject Code
Topic
Duration
Sub topic
Teaching aids

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B. Rama Sundari
Lecturer in ECE
Electronics & Comm. Engg.
Govt. Polytechnic for women,
Guntur
III
Digital Electronics
CM-305
Logic gates & Boolean Algebra
50 mts.
Full Adder
Diagrams
CM305 .13

Recap
Binary arithmetic operations
Half adder (a) Logic diagram

(b) Truth table

(c ) Symbol & operation

CM305 .13

Objectives
On completion of this period, you would be able
to know
Construction of full adder
Truth table of full adder
Draw block diagram of full adder

CM305 .13

Addition of two 3-bit binary numbers

Fig 13.1
CM305 .13

Full Adder
A full adder adds three bits at a time
A half adder can be used in addition of LSBs in
addition of two binary numbers

A full adder is essential to add subsequent bits in


addition of two binary numbers
It is a combinational logic circuit

CM305 .13

Logic circuit of Full Adder

Fig 13.2

A full adder consists of two half adders and an OR gate


CM305 .13

Truth table of full adder


CARRY
IN

input B

input A

CARRY
OUT

SUM
digit

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

0
0
0
1
0
1
1
1

0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1

Table 13.1
CM305 .13

Simple representation of a full adder


A
Cin
(carry in)

Full
adder

Cout

(carry out)

Sum
Fig 13.3

S = A B Ci
= ABC i + ABC i + ABCi + ABCi
C o = AB + BCi + ACi
CM305 .13

Summary

A full adder adds three bits at a time

A full adder is a combinational logic circuit that


consists of two half adders and one OR gate

A full adder is used in construction of parallel binary


adder

CM305 .13

Quiz

A Full adder adds.bits at a time


1. 1

2. 2
3. 3
4. any number

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A full adder has two inputs and outputs

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. any number

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A full adder consists of


1. two NAND gates and one OR gate
2. two half adders and one OR gate

3. one EX-OR gate, one NOR gate,


one AND gate
4. one NOR gate, two half adders
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Frequently asked questions in Exams

1.

Construct full adder and draw its truth table

2.

Show that a full adder can be constructed using


two half adders and an OR gate

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Assignment

1.

Construct full adder and draw its truth table

2.

Construct full adder using 3 and gates, 10R


and 1. ex- or gate.

3. Write the application of full adder

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