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Government

Agenda on Poverty
and Juvenile
Delinquency
Resolution

Poverty Situation &


DSWDs Response

EXISTING POVERTY CONDITION


Indicator

2003

2006

2009

Poverty Incidence (%)


Family
Population

20.0
24.9

21.1
26.4

20.9
26.5

4.0
23.8

4.7
22.2

4.8
23.1

Magnitude of Poverty (in


Mn)
Family
Population

Annual per Capita


Poverty Threshold (Php)
kalahi.dswd.gov.ph

12,309 15,057 16,841

Poverty Incidence Among Families


Region
PHILIPPINES
Caraga
ARMM
Region IX
Region V
Region VIII

2003
20.0
37.6
25.0
40.5
38.0
30.2

2006
21.1
36.9
36.5
34.2
36.1
31.1

2009
20.9
39.8
38.1
36.6
36.0
33.2

Bottom Cluster of Provinces


PROVINCE

2003

2006

2009

Zamboanga del Norte

67.5

61.7

59.8

Agusan del Sur

55.6

52.9

58.9

Surigao del Norte

49.9

48.3

53.8

Maguindanao

49.5

50.9

51.6

Masbate

58.0

51.8

48.3

TOP 10 POOREST MUNICIPALITIES


PROVINCE

MUNICIPALITY

POVERTY
INCIDENCE
97.5

RANK

ZAMBO NORTE

SIAYAN

KALINGA
ZAMBO SUR
LANAO NORTE

TANUDAN
SOMINOT
TANGKAL

88.1
87.5
86.7

2
3
4

ZAMBO SUR
LA UNION
ZAMBO NORTE

MIDSALIP
BAGULIN
BACUNGAN

86.3
85.5
85.2

5
6
7

DAVAO SUR

JOSE ABAD SANTOS

84.6

ZAMBO NORTE

GODOD

84.6

ZAMBO SUR

LAPUYAN

84.3

10

Millennium Development Goals


Eradicating Extreme Poverty and
Hunger
Achieve Universal Primary Education
Promoting Gender Equality and
Empowering Women
Reducing Child Mortality

Improving Maternal Health

MDG STATUS
TARGETS

1991 2015

2010

DSWD

GOAL 1. ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER


Target 1

Halve, between 1991 and 2015, the proportion of people whose


income is less than one dollar a day

Indica
tor 1

Proportion of population
below poverty thresholds

45.3

22.7

26.5

Indica
tor 2

Poverty gap ratio

13.0 6.5
1991 2015

8.4
2009

Target 2

Halve, between 1991 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer
from hunger

Indica
tor 2

Prevalence of underweight
children under 5 years of
age

Source: National Statistical Coordinating Board

34.5

17.3

26.2
2008

MDG STATUS
TARGETS

1991 2015

2010

Probabili
ty

GOAL 2. ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION


target 3

Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be
able to complete a full course of primary schooling

Indicator Net enrolment ratio in


1
primary education
Indicator
Primary completion rate
2
Indicator Ratio of girls to boys in
3
primary education
Source: National Statistical Coordinating Board

99.1
63.0
1.0

100
100
1.0

89.9
73.1
1.0

L
L
H

MDG STATUS
TARGETS

1991

2015

2010

DSWD

GOAL 3.

PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN

target 4

Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education


preferably by 2005 and to all levels of education no later than 2015

Indicator 1

Ratio of girls to boys in


primary education

1.0
1993

1.0
2015

1.0
2005

indicator 2

Ratio of girls to boys in


secondary education

1.1
1993

1.0
2015

1.1
2005

indicator 3

Ratio of girls to boys in


tertiary education

1.3
1993

1.0
2015

1.2
2004

Source: National Statistical Coordinating Board

H
L

MDG STATUS
TARGETS

GOAL 4.
target 5

1991

2015

2010

Probability

REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY

Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality


rate

indicat
Under-five mortality rate
or 4.1

80.0
1990

26.7
2015

33.5
2008

indicat
Infant mortality rate
or 4.2

57.0
1990

19.0
2015

24.9
2008

Proportion of 1 year-old
indicat
children immunized against
or 4.3
measles

77.9
1990

100.0
2015

90.6
2009

Source: National Statistical Coordinating Board

H
H

MDG STATUS
TARGETS

GOAL 5.

1991

2015

2010

Probability

IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH

Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the


target 6
maternal mortality ratio
indicator Maternal mortality
5.1
Proportion of births
indicator
attended by skilled
5.2
health personnel

Source: National Statistical Coordinating Board

121-207 30.3-51.8 162-221


1990
2015
2010

58.8
1990

100.0
2015

74.3
2009

DSWD RESPONSE
EXISTING
CONDITIONS
(Inequities)

PREFERRED
FUTURE

poverty
reduction
empowerment
quality of life

Community
and Center
Based Services

Women

Sustainable
Livelihood

Youth

An org w/ culture of
excellence &
professionalism

Pantawid
PWD

Children
NCDD

Families/
HH/
communities

Sr.
Citizens

Centers and
Community
Based
Services

High performing ,
pro-active &
supportive partners
in the delivery of
coordinated
delivery of social
services and social
protection
programs

Empowered
individuals and
HH advocating
for their rights
and with
improved
quality of life

DSWD FINAL OUTCOMES


Health

Education

Maternal
mortality
Births
attended by
skilled
health
personnel
Infant
mortality
rate
1 year-old
children
immunized
against
measles

Net
Enrolment
Completion
Rate
Proportion
of pupils
starting
grade 1 who
reach grade
6

Empowerment

Quality of Life

learning
capabilities
employment

Population
below national
poverty
threshold
Underweight
children under
5 years of age
Population
with access to
safe water
supply
Households
with sanitary
toilet facility

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
Advocates for Restorative Justice - a new
paradigm or lens in viewing the problem of
crime and the response to it. Crime is viewed as a
failure of responsibility sometimes on the part
of the community as well as offenders and their
families
Considers community as the best place where
individuals can know themselves better in a
variety of real life situations thus improving their
social skills and enhancing their social functioning

Retributive Justice

Restorative Justice

Crime is an act vs. State, violation of law Crime is an act vs. another person and the community

Criminal justice system controls crime

Crime control is with community

Offender accountability

Accountability defined as assuming responsibility and


action to repair harm

Crime: an individual act and


responsibility

Crime has both individual and social dimensions of


responsibility

Punishment is effective
Threat of punishment deters crime
Punishment changes behaviour

Punishment alone is not effective in changing


behaviour and is disruptive to community harmony
and good relationships

Victims are peripheral to the process

Victims are central to the process of resolving crime

Offender defined by deficits

Offender defined by capacity to make reparation

Focus on establishing guilt/blame

Focus on problem solving, liabilities, obligation

Emphasis on adversarial relationship

Emphasis on dialogue and negotiation

Imposition of pain to punish and deter

Restitution as means of restoring both parties; goal is


to restore/reconcile

Community on sideline/represented by
State

Community as facilitator in restorative process

Response focused on offenders past


behavior

Focused on harmful consequences/future