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Energy Industry- India

Prepared By
Nikhil Sharma
M.Tech Chemical

Umair Iqbal
M.Tech Chemical

Energy Sources - by type and % of


total
Coal
The estimated reserves of coal stand at 298.94
billion tonnes
Major Coal producing states are Jharkhand,
Odisha, Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Andhra
Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
These account for more than 99% of the total
coal reserves in the country

Petroleum and Natural gas


The estimated reserves of crude oil in India
stand at about 758.27 million tonnes (MT)

The estimated reserves of natural gas in India


stand at 1354.76 billion cubic meters (BCM)

Renewable energy sources


There is high potential for generation of
renewable energy from various sources- wind,
solar, biomass, small hydro and cogeneration
bagasse
The total potential for renewable power
generation in the country is estimated at 94125
MW
Karnataka has the highest share of about
15.37% (14,464 MW), followed by Gujarat with
13.27% share (12,494 MW) and Maharashtra
with 10.26%

Petroleum Supply by type


Domestic Production
The production of Petroleum Products in the
country is about 217.74 MTs
High speed diesel oil accounts for the
maximum share(41.83%), followed by Motor
Gasoline(13.83%), Naptha(7.97%), Fuel
Oil(6.91%), Bitumen(5.03%) and Aviation
Turbine Fuel(4.63%)

Imports
India is highly dependent on import of crude
oil.
70% of its crude oil requirements and part of
the petroleum products is met from imports
Net imports of crude oil have increased from
99.41MTs during 2005-06 to 184.80 MTs during
2012-13.
The export of petroleum products has
increased from a 23.46 MT during 2005-06 to
63.41MTs during 2012-13

Petroleum Demand by type


The estimated consumption of crude oil has a
steady increase, from 130.11 MMTs during
2005-06 to 219.21 MMTs during 2012-13 with
CAGR of 6.74%
S.NO Petroleum products demand % Consumption
as/in
1

High speed diesel oil

39.55

Refinery

10.49

Petrol

LPG

8.92

Major Players
PUBLIC ENTERPRISE COMPRISES OF ENTERPRISE UNDER:

Ministry of Coal
Ministry of Oil And Natural Gas
Department Of Atomic Energy
Ministry Of Power

PRIVATE ENTERPRISES :
Independent Power Producers
Distributed Energy Enterprise

ORGANIZATIONS UNDER MINISTRY OF COAL


Coal India limited and its subsidiaries accounted for
462.42 million tonnes during 2013-14 as against a
production of 452.21 million tonnes in 2012-13
showing a growth of 2.3%.
Small quantities of coal are also produced by TISCO,
IISCO, DVC and others

ORGANIZATIONS UNDER MINISTRY OF OIL AND


NATURAL GAS
The ministry has administrative control over various public-sector
undertakings of the Government of India
Biecco lawrie Limited
Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited
Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
Bharath Petroleum Corporation Limited
Gas Authority of India Limited
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
Indian Oil Corporation Limited
IBP (merged with Indian Oil and became a subsidiary)
Numaligarh Refinery Limited
Oil India Limited
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited
Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited

ORGANIZATIONS UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ATOMIC


ENERGY
Public Sector
Electronics Corporation of India (ECIL), Hyderabad
Indian Rare Earths Limited (IREL), Mumbai
Uranium Corporation of India, Singhbhum
Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL), Mumbai, Maharashtra
Bharatiya Nabhkiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI), Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu
Industrial Organizations
Heavy Water Board (HWB), Mumbai
Nuclear Recycling Board (NRB), Mumbai
Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), Hyderabad
Board of Radiation & Isotope Technology (BRIT), Mumbai

ORGANISATIONS UNDER MINISTRY OF POWER

INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCERS (IPPS)


Excluding renewable energy, IPPs owned about 15% of
Indias total capacity.
The three largest IPPs in India are the TATA Power,
Reliance Power, and Adani Power.

DISTRIBUTION ENERGY ENTERPRISES

Indias Refining Capacity


India produced 37.8 million tonnes of crude oil during 2013-14
Two-thirds of the oil produced in India's is drilled from offshore
fields
When RIL and RPL announced a merger of the two companies
this made the company the one of the largest largest oil refiner
in the world
Indian Oil, India's second largest oil refining company, is ranked
19th globally
India exported over 59 MMT of petroleum products valued at
Rs 1.96 trillion.
India's oil refining capacity amounted to 215 MMTPA (Million
Metric Tonne Per Annum) in Apr 2014 placing India in the fifth
position in the world after the United States, China, Russia and
Japan