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Security Level:

01/18/15

Network Design
Scheme for XX
Telecom Pilot Office
(LLD & DD)
www.huawei.com

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Contents
Requirement Analysis
Network Planning
Network Design

Network Topology
DCN Design
Parameter Design for NNI Packet Ports
MPLS Design
Service and PW Design
Tunnel Design
MPLS OAM Design
Tunnel APS Design
Label Design
QoS Design

1. Requirement Analysis

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Service Requirement Overview

Service carrier

Expandability

The design should consider possible network expansions and changes in the future.
For example, the network of the pilot office should be capable of smoothly expanding to a large commercial
network.

High reliability

The design should focus on current requirements and the foreseeable service requirements in the future.
For example, the network of the pilot office and future commercial networks primarily carry Ethernet
services that are transmitted back by CDMA BTSs, and other services (such as services of VIP customers
from the government and business sectors).

The target of high reliability is to protect the network against possible risks that usually include fiber link
failures, single point failures of NEs, board failures, and shared risk link group (SRLG) failures.
Design approaches: The design should integrate the tunnel layer (tunnels), the network layer (links), the
equipment layer (CircuitPack), and routing policies.

Easy management and maintenance

The design should make a packet transmission easy-to-manage and easy-to-maintain as an SDH network.
Design approaches: (1) private line services; (2) MPLS/Ethernet service OAM, (3) network management
and maintenance based on design documentation

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Example: Service Carrier Requirements

Access capabilities of CDMA BTSs

Long term: Totally 600 BTSs are planned, all of which are to be connected to the
backbone layer through five backbone transmission nodes at Jiebei, Yinzhong, Shiqi,
Panhuo, and Qiuai respectively. On average, 120 BTSs are connected to a transmission
subnet, where a backbone transmission node is located.
Trial operation term: Ten BTSs are connected for test.

Service models of CDMA BTSs

Services of the BTSs in Yinzhong region are converged to the BSCs at Jiebei and
Yinzhong.
Service distribution:

Long term: The ratio of BTS quantity at Jiebei to those at Yinzhon is 4/1, that is, at least 480 BTSs
are connected to the Jiebei BSC and at least 120 BTSs to the Yinzhong BSC.
Trial operation term: All the 10 BTSs are connected to the Jiebei BSC.

Bandwidth: The bandwidth of 10 Mbit/s is planned for each BTS.

Other services

The office direction and bandwidth of services are to be determined.

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Example: Network Expansion Requirements

Backbone layer expansion

The design focuses on the future connection between nodes in the


Jiebei region and those on the backbone layer of other regions.

Convergence and access layer expansion

The design focuses on the connection between the nodes on the


backbone layer in the Yinzhong region and the subnets on the
convergence/access layers.

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2. Network Planning

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Network Planning Contents of LLD & DD

This design scheme does not focus on network planning itself, but the basis and
principles of network design, including low-level design (LLD) and detailed design (DD).
This information is usually provided by the customer in their network
plan/requirements or by the M&S Dept. in the high-level design (HLD).

When network planning itself does not provide design basis or principles, we can make
reasonable assumptions and use them upon approval.

Network planning (HLD) usually includes the following items:

Characteristics and trend of services and networking


Network topology/structure
Carrier mode
Network protection mode
Service routing policy
OAM mode
Synchronization mode
DCN and NMS architecture

Most of these items are described briefly with a focus on scale and rule.

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Example: Overall Network Structure


The backbone layer is
composed of 10GE rings.

Backbone layer

Convergence layer

The convergence layer is


composed of GE rings.

The backbone layer and the convergence


layer are connected through shared NEs.

The backbone layer and the access layer are connected through shared NEs.
The convergence layer and the access layer are intersectant or tangent.

Access layer

The access layer is composed of GE rings or links.

Subnets on the backbone layer, convergence layer, and access layer


are pure OSN/PTN networks or hybrid networks.

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Example: Network Carrier Mode PWE3


ETH Service
NE
Ingress

NE

NE

NE
Egress

PW

Ingress

Transit

Ingress

Tunnel
Connection

Ingress

Egress

Transit

Tunnel

Egress

Tunnel
Connection
Egress

ETH Link

Ingress

Tunnel
Connection
Egress

ETH Link

Ingress

Egress

ETH Link

All the network-to-network interface (NNI) links on the network of the pilot office are carried by MPLS
PWs, and all tunnels are carried by static signaling. Ethernet private line (EPL) services constitute the
majority of network services.

Comparison of MPLS PWE3 and SDH network objects:

The ETH service corresponds to E1 circuits, PWs correspond to VC-12 channels, and tunnels correspond to VC-4 channels.
VC-12 and VC-4 channels have fixed bandwidth, while PWs and tunnels have changeable bandwidth.
VC-12 and VC-4 channels are identified by timeslot, while PWs and tunnels are identified by label.

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Example: Network Protection Mode

Tunnel/LSP APS based network protection mode is adopted to implement


service protection switching within 50 ms.
Jieb
ei

Shiqi

Tunnel/LSP
APS protection
group

Qiua
i

Working tunnel
Protection tunnel
Yinzhong

Panhuo

For subnets with chain topology (such as ring links), a working tunnel and
a protection tunnel are configured for a single chain. When the single
chains form a ring, you can change the routes of the protection tunnels to
protect the ring.

Working and protection


tunnels with the same
route on the chain

Jieb
ei

Shiqi

Qiuai

Working tunnel

Chaoyang
Yinzhong
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Protection tunnel Panhuo

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NMS Through In-Band DCN

The network of the pilot office is composed of OSN and PTN NEs.

OSN NEs support in-band DCN communication over IP or HWECC.


PTN NEs support in-band DCN communication over IP.

All the OSN 3500 NEs can function as IP or HWECC gateways.

Pure OSN subnets run HWECC, pure PTN subnets run IP, and
OSN/PTN hybrid subnets run IP.

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3. Network Design

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General Requirements for Network Design

LLD & DD orient toward network delivery, management, and maintenance.

Different from HLD, network design (LLD & DD) comes to details.

Output parameters of LLD & DD should be suitable to be input parameters of


network debugging tools and the NMS.

LLD & DD in the following two modes should be made before and during the
delivery of network software debugging:

Advance design: Network design is completed before software debugging.

Synchronous design: Network design is performed during the software debugging


process, providing design parameters for each software debugging link before the start of
the link.

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Contents of Network Design

Network topology

Tunnel design

DCN design

MPLS OAM design

Parameter design for NNI packet


ports/user network interface (UNI)
ports

Tunnel APS design

Label design

MPLS design

QoS design

Network synchronization design


(optional)

Ethernet OAM (services and links)

Service and PW design

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3.1 Network Topology

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Network Topology Design

In HLD and DD phases, the task of network topology design


is to break down the HLD topology to physical ports, that is,
define cable connections.

Key points of topology (cable connection) design:

DCN and synchronization support by device models: Use ports that do


not support DCN or synchronization as UNIs instead of NNIs.

Tunnel ASP cross-ring protection: Try to keep routes of cross-ring


tunnels with identical protection properties passing through ports on
associated boards. This is also a solution to SRLG problems.

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Structure of the Network of the Pilot Office


Jiebei

Shiqi

Backbone layer

Qiuai

Ring#1
Yinzhong

Panhuo
Wuxiang

Convergence layer

Access layer

Yinzhou
Shundeli plant

Jishigang
Telecom
Yunlong
Telecom

Ring#2

Qiuai

Mozhi

Hongsen Wood

Ring#3

Mozhi

L#2

Ring#4
Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

Yinzhong

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Tangxi

Wuxiang

Shiqi

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Mozhi

L#1

Zhanqi

Zhanqi

Dongwu
Jinlong
Yinzhou
Dongwu II L#3
Yinzhou
Gaoqian
Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Page 18

Example: Network Topological View


Yinzhou Shundeli
plant

Ring#2

Hongsen Wood

s13p2

s13p1

s13p1

Jiebei
BSC#2

s13p2

s3p1

Jishigang Telecom
Yunlong
Telecom s13p1
s13p2

Shiqi
s5p1

Jiebei
BSC#3

L#1

s11p1

Jieb
ei

s13p1

s11p1

2pts
1pt

s1p1

s13p1

s31p1

Ring#1
s13p1

s13p9

s5p1
s3p1
ETH

s3p1
s5p1

Yinzhong

Yinzhou Gaoqian

Qiuai

s4p1

s4p1

L#2

Panhuo

Legend:
10GE

s4p1

s3p1

s32p1

LAN2

5pts

L#3

Dongwu Jinlong

s33p2

s33p1

s3p1

Ring#4

Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

s1p1

s2p1

s13p2

s13p1

s3p2

Yinzhou Dongwu II

s13p1
s13p9

s13p1

s3p1
s4p1

s4p1
s3p2
s3p1

Ring#3
s13p2

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Zhanqi

Wuxiang

YinzhongT2000

s3p1
s4p1

s3p2
s3p1

Mozhi

Tangxi

Qianhurenjia

Legend:
PTN 3900

OSN 3500

PTN 1900

OSN 1500

GE

PTN
950/910

T2000

FE

BSC

BTS

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3.2 DCN Design

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DCN Design

DCN design should include the following items:

DCN subnet division (LLD)

DCN communication protocol design (LLD)

DCN port design (DD)

Management IDs and IP addresses of NEs (DD)

Key points of design:

DCN subnet division for large networks

Communication protocol design and gateway selection for OSN/PTN hybrid


networks

Mapping between the management IDs and the IP addresses of NEs

Effect of the DCN status of UNI ports on network security

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DCN Communication Protocol Design


Wuxiang
Yinzhou
Shundeli plant

Hongsen Wood

Zhanqi Yinzhou Binhai


Community

Dongwu
Jinlong

Jiebei BSC

Yinzhou
Dongwu II
Jishigang
Telecom

Qiuai
Shiqi

Yinzhou
Gaoqian

Jiebei

Yunlong
Telecom

Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom
YinzhongT2000

Mozhi

Yinzhong

Panhuo

Tangxi

Qianhurenjia

By default, the reserved VLAN ID (4094) is used for in-band DCN communication.
Description:

Legend:
HWECC link

To: NMS
network in the
office

IP link
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1. All IP links form an OSPF domain with the domain


number as 0.0.0.0.
2. The OSN 3500 NEs at Yinzhong and Shiqi act as
IP-HWECC gateways.
3. In-band DCN packets on the link layer have the
VLAN ID as 4094 and bandwidth as 512 kbit/s.

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Management IDs and IP Addresses of NEs


ID: 2009/88
IP: 129.88.7.217/16

Wuxiang
ID: 2011/88
IP: 129.88.7.219/16

Hongsen Wood
Jiebei BSC
ID: 2003/88
IP: 129.88.7.211/16

Jishigang
Telecom

Qiuai

ID: 2012/88
IP: 129.88.7.220/16

Shiqi

Yunlong
ID: 2018/88
Telecom

Dongwu
Jinlong

ID: 2013/88
IP: 129.88.7.221/16

Yinzhou
Dongwu II

ID: 2014/88
IP: 129.88.7.222/16

Yinzhou
Gaoqian

ID: 2015/88
IP: 129.88.7.223/16

ID: 2004/88
IP: 129.88.7.212/16

Mozhi

IP: 129.88.7.226/16

Yinzhong
IP:
129.88.0.1/16

ID: 2017/88
IP: 129.88.7.225/16

Tangxi

ID: 2006/88
IP: 129.88.7.214/16

Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Jiebei

ID: 2005/88
IP: 129.88.7.213/16

ID: 2019/88
IP: 129.88.7.227/16

Zhanqi

ID: 2010/88
IP: 129.88.7.218/16

Yinzhou Shundeli plant

ID: 2008/88
IP: 129.88.7.216/16

ID: 2001/88
IP: 129.88.7.209/16

YinzhongT2000
To: NMS
network in the
office

Panhuo
ID: 2002/88
IP: 129.88.7.210/16

Qianhurenjia

ID: 2007/88
IP: 129.88.7.215/16

ID: 2016/88
IP: 129.88.7.224/16

Description:

1. NEs of the pilot office network use 88 as the extended ID to be


distinguished from the NEs on the existing network. The basic IDs
of the NEs of the pilot office network range from 2001 to 2019.
This design scheme does not include a DCN
2. The network segment IP address129.88.0.0/16 is used as the
subnet division plan, but designs management IDs NE management IP address, and the host IP address for NE
and IP addresses of NEs
management is calculated base on the basic IDs of NEs. For
example, the basic ID 2001 corresponds to host IP address
for easy integration with the existing network.
129.88.7.209.
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IP:
129.9.1.151/24

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DCN Design Summary

The OSN access equipment supports complete remote debugging after the
completion of local installation, power-on, and cable connection.

If VLAN ID conflicts occur between service packets and in-band DCN packets,
reset a VLAN ID for in-band DCN packets.

The network of the pilot office is a small network, so the DCN subnet division
scheme is not provided. It is recommended that DCN subnet division and
protection schemes are designed at the link layer according to the network
topology when the network is expanded to 50 NEs. Thus, a DCN subnet
includes 50 or less NEs.

For designed DCN parameters, see the attachment:

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3.3 Parameter Design for NNI Packet Ports

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NNI Packet Port Parameters

To implement MPLS PWE3, all NNI packet ports on the


network of the pilot office work in Layer-3 port mode, with the
tunnel status enabled.

All NNI 10GE ports work in 10GE full-duplex WAN mode.

All NNI GE ports work in 1000M full-duplex mode.

All NNI packet ports have their maximum transmission unit


(MTU) value larger than that required by a radio carrier.

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Working Mode of NNI Ports

Auto-negotiation, full-duplex, and half-duplex

Full-duplex: The port works in two directions at the same time.


Half-duplex: The port works in two directions consecutively.
Auto-negotiation: The port works in full-duplex or half-duplex mode according to protocol settings.
Full-duplex mode is recommended for NNI ports.

LAN and WAN modes of 10GE ports

Interface type:

Network model:

10G Base-SR, LR, ER, and ZR ports work in LAN mode.


10G Base-SW, LW, EW, and ZW ports work in WAN mode.
WAN ports are defined as equipment ports that are connected to WAN (such as the Internet)
access equipment (such as WAN routers and switches). WAN ports usually support DHCP client.
LAN ports are defined as ports that are connected to local user equipment (such as hosts). LAN
ports usually support DCHP server for quick configuration of local user equipment for Internet
access.

The working mode of 10GE ports varies with interface type, and network model when necessary.

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3.4 MPLS Design

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Basic MPLS Properties

LSR ID/Node ID

NNI IP address/Port IP address

A globally unique LSR ID is allocated to each NE that is connected to an MPLS link as the node ID on
the control plane.
The LSR ID of an NE must be different and in a different network segment from the management IP
address of the NE.
The LSR ID of an NE must be in a different network segment from the NNI port IP addresses of the NE.

Each port of an MPLS link must have an independent IP address that is globally unique.
Each port IP address of an NE must be different and in a different network segment from the
management IP address of the NE.
Each port IP address of an NE must be in a different network segment from the LSR ID of the NE.
Each port IP address of an NE must belong to a different network segment.
The end IP addresses of an MPLS link must belong to a network segment.

Ranges of LSR IDs and NNI IP addresses

A 32-bit IP address ranges from 1.0.0.1 to 223.255.255.254, except for broadcast addresses, network
addresses, and addresses in 127.x.x.x, 192.168.x.x, and 192.169.x.x.

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MPLS Design: LSR ID/Node ID


LSR ID: 130.0.0.9

LSR ID: 130.0.0.8

Wuxiang
LSR ID: 130.0.0.11

Yinzhou Shundeli
plant

Dongwu
Jinlong

Jiebei BSC

LSR ID: 130.0.0.3

Yunlong
Telecom
LSR ID:
130.0.0.18
Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

Zhanqi

LSR ID: 130.0.0.10

Hongsen Wood

Jishigang
Telecom
LSR ID: 130.0.0.12

LSR ID: 130.0.0.17

Qiua
i

Shiqi

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

LSR ID: 130.0.0.13

Yinzhou
Dongwu II

LSR ID: 130.0.0.14

Yinzhou
Gaoqian

LSR ID: 130.0.0.15

Jiebei

LSR ID: 130.0.0.5

LSR ID: 130.0.0.4

Mozhi
LSR ID: 130.0.0.6

Yinzhong
LSR ID: 130.0.0.1

Tangxi
LSR ID: 130.0.0.7

Qianhurenjia
Panhuo

LSR ID: 130.0.0.16

LSR ID: 130.0.0.2

LSR ID: 130.0.0.19

YinzhongT2000

An LSR ID is an IP address with a 32-bit mask. For the network of the pilot office, network segment
130.0.0.X is used, where IP addresses from 130.0.0.1 to 130.0.0.19 have been allocated.

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MPLS Design: NNI IP Address

Zhanqi

Wuxiang

Yinzhou Shundeli
plant

18.0.0.46

Hongsen Wood
18.0.0.45

18.0.0.34 18.0.0.33
18.0.0.30

18.0.0.77

18.0.0.78

18.0.0.58

Jiebei BSC

18.0.0.42

18.0.0.49

18.0.0.37
18.0.0.57

Dongwu Jinlong
18.0.0.61

18.0.0.62

Jiebei
18.0.0.13
18.0.0.50
18.0.0.53

18.0.0.41
18.0.0.54

Yunlong
Telecom
18.0.0.85

18.0.0.38

18.0.0.9

Qiuai

18.0.0.17

18.0.0.6

Yinzhou
Gaoqian
18.0.0.21

18.0.0.8
2

18.0.0.22

Mozhi
18.0.0.81

18.0.0.86

18.0.0.90

18.0.0.5
18.0.0.2

18.0.0.18
18.0.0.1

Yinzhong

Panhuo

18.0.0.89

Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

The allocated NNI IP


addresses of the pilot office
network range from 18.0.0.1 to
18.0.0.90.

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Yinzhou Dongwu II
18.0.0.65

18.0.0.10

18.0.0.14

Shiqi

Jishigang
Telecom

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

18.0.0.66
18.0.0.69

18.0.0.70
18.0.0.2
5

18.0.0.29
18.0.0.26

Tangxi

18.0.0.73
18.0.0.74

Qianhure
njia

Description:

Each MPLS NNI IP address on the


network of the pilot office has a 30-bit
mask, that is, 255.255.255.252. Each
link uses an average of four IP
addresses.
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3.5 Service and PW Design

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Service and PW Design

NE-level service type and network-level service model

NE-level service type: It refers to the single-site service type configured for an NE,
including private line, private network, and convergence.
Network-level service model: It refers to the topology of end-to-end services on the whole
network, including point-to-point, single-point convergence, multi-point convergence, and
mesh.

Tasks of PW design

Break down the network-level service model to NE-level service types. For example,
break down the convergence service model to NE-level private line services and NE-level
convergence services, calculate PW requirements based on the NE-level service types,
and determine PW objects.
Key points:

Private line services are preferred for each management and maintenance.
The supported service volume of each type varies with device model.
The QoS scheme may vary with the service and PW design.

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Example: Service Carrier Requirements for


the Network of the Pilot Office

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Yinzhou
Shundeli plant

Hongsen Wood
Jiebei
BSC#2

Jiebei
BSC#3

Dongwu Jinlong
Yinzhou Dongwu II
Yinzhou Gaoqian

Jishigang
Telecom
Yunlong
Telecom

Yinzhong
BSC#5

Yinzhou Hengxi Telecom

NodeB services

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The network of the pilot office carries the EPL services between the 10 base
stations on one side and Jiebei BSC#2, Jiebei BSC #3, and Yinzhong BSC#5 on
the other. The bandwidth of each private line is as follows: CIR = PIR = 10 Mbit/s.
Private line services are identified by the VLAN ID, which is identical with the
BTS number.

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Example: PW Objects on the Network of the


Pilot Office
Wuxiang

Yinzhou
Shundeli plant

Zhanqi

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Hongsen Wood
Jiebei BSC

Dongwu Jinlong
Yinzhou Dongwu II

Shiqi
Qiuai

Jishigang
Telecom

Yinzhou Gaoqian

Jiebei
Mozhi

Yunlong
Telecom

Qianhurenjia

Yinzhong
Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

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Bidirectional PW object
carrying NodeB
services

Tangxi

LTD.

Ten PW objects are available for carrying NodeB services,


and correspond to the ten base station Ethernet services.
Each PW object is a bidirectional PW.
The PW ID is identical with the PW label.

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PW Object Naming Rule

PW naming rule applies to bidirectional PW objects.

PW naming rule
Ethernet service ID:PW office direction:tunnel APS ID

Example: EPL#0002:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli plant:TAPS#0002

Ethernet service ID

PW office direction

It is the ID of the Ethernet service that is carried by a PW. For example, EPL#1
stands for the first EPL service carried by a PW.

It indicates the start and end NEs of a PW, in the format of NE1 name-NE2 name.

Tunnel APS ID

It is the ID of the tunnel APS object that carries a PW.

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3.6 Tunnel Design

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Tunnel Design

Tasks of tunnel design:

Determine tunnels/tunnel APS objects (quantity and office direction)

Determine the mapping between tunnel and PW

Name tunnel objects

Extended discussion:

Generally, PWs and tunnels are considered as service classification


approaches.

PW corresponds to VLAN ID, and tunnel corresponds to office


direction and customer.

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Principles of Determining Tunnel Objects

Principles of determining tunnel objects:


A tunnel carries various kinds of services for a
single customer in an office direction of an NE .

A tunnel APS group includes two tunnels, a working


tunnel and a protection tunnel.

A bidirectional tunnel includes two unidirectional


tunnels, a forward tunnel and a backward tunnel.

Shiqi

Jiebei

Qiuai

Tunnel#3

Example 1: NodeB customers require two kinds of


services, OAM service and user & signaling service,
to be transmitted between Jiebei and Yinzhong. Both
kinds of services are carried by Tunnel#1.

Tunnel#1 Tunnel#2
Panhuo

Yinzhong

Example 2: NodeB customers and VIP customers


from the government and enterprise sectors require
services to be transmitted between Jiebei and
Panhuo. The two kinds of services are carried by
Tunnel#2 and Tunnel#3 respectively.

Description:
In this design scheme, all NodeB services
are considered services for the same
customer.

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Tunnel Objects on the Network of the Pilot Office


Wuxiang
Yinzhou Shundeli
plant

Zhanqi

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Hongsen Wood
Jiebei BSC

Dongwu Jinlong
Yinzhou Dongwu II

Shiqi
Qiuai

Jishigang
Telecom

Yinzhou Gaoqian

Jiebei

Yunlong
Telecom

Mozhi
Yinzhong

Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

Tunnel APS protection


groups carrying NodeB
service PWs

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Panhuo

Tangxi

Qianhurenjia

Ten tunnel APS groups are available for carrying NodeB service PWs. Each
group includes two bidirectional tunnels, a working tunnel and a protection
tunnel. Each bidirectional tunnel includes two unidirectional tunnels, a
forward tunnel and a backward tunnel. All together, 20 bidirectional tunnel
objects, or 40 unidirectional tunnel objects, exist on the network.
The automatic allocation scheme of the T2000 is adopted for tunnel ID
allocation.

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Tunnel Object Naming Rule

Tunnel naming rule applies to unidirectional tunnel objects.

Tunnel naming rule


Purpose of tunnel:office direction of tunnel:direction of tunnel: APS property

Example: EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli plant:forward:working

Purpose of tunnel

Office direction/Direction of tunnel

It is the customer or type of the service carried by a tunnel. In this project, EVDO stands for data services of
CDMA BTSs. More values are to be defined.

It indicates the start and end NEs of a tunnel, in the format of NE 1 name-NE 2 name.
The meaning of the office direction field varies with the direction field. If the direction of tunnel is Forward, NE 1
is the start NE and NE 2 is the end NE. If the direction of tunnel is Backward, NE 2 is the start NE and NE 1 is
the end NE.

APS property

Value: working or protection


Description: It defines whether a tunnel is a working tunnel or a protection tunnel in an APS group.

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3.7 MPLS/Tunnel OAM Design

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MPLS/Tunnel OAM Design

Tasks of MPLS OAM design

Determine the scope of MPLS OAM configuration, that is, determine


the NEs and the tunnels on which OAM configuration is made.

Determine OAM configuration parameters such as OAM status,


backward tunnel, test mode, type of test packet, sending interval of
test packet, with a focus on backward tunnel.

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Concept of MPLS/Tunnel OAM

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:forward:working

Jiebei

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:backward:working
EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:forward:protection
EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:backwrd:protection

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Yinzhou
Shundeli
plant

The MPLS OAM mechanism effectively detects,


determines, and locates network defects on the MPLS
layer, to monitor the network performance.

The OAM status can trigger protection switching,


implementing fast fault detection and service
protection. This mechanism ensures carrier-class
services on PSNs.

MPLS OAM implements the following features:

Query on demand and continuous detection,


finding defects of monitored LSPs in real time

Network defects detection, analysis, location, and


reporting to the NMS

Protection switching triggering upon detection of a


link defect or failure

Real-time monitoring of performance indexes such


as packet loss ratio, delay, and jitter, and reporting
to the NMS

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Relations Between MPLS OAM Design and


Alarming & Protection

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:forward:working

Jiebei

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:backward:working
EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:forward:protection

Forward working matches backward working.

Yinzhou Shundeli
plant

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:backward:protection

Forward working matches backward working.


EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:forwarding:working

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:backward:working

Jiebei

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:forward:protection

Forwarding working matches backward


protection.

Yinzhou
Shundeli plant

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:backward:protection

When a fiber is cut, the back transmission route of


BDI packets becomes unavailable. The start NE of
the tunnel does not send a BDI alarm while the end
NE sends an FDI alarm (when the FDI sending
option is enabled).
It is recommended that 1+1 single-ended switching
instead of dual-ended switching be adopted for this
design scheme.

When a fiber is cut, a BDI and an FDI alarms (when


the FDI sending option is enabled) are sent.
It is recommended that either single-ended switching
or dual-ended switching be adopted for this design
scheme.

Forward working matches backward protection.

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Design for 50 ms LSP Protection Switching

For a tunnel APS group, configure MPLS OAM parameters


four times on the NEs at both ends.

MPLS OAM parameters except for backward tunnel:

OAM status: enabled

Test mode: manual

Type of test packet: FFD

Sending interval of test packet: 3.3 ms

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3.8 Tunnel APS Design

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Tunnel APS Design

Tasks of tunnel APS design

Determine the routes of the working tunnel and backward tunnel in a


tunnel APS group.

Key points:

Protection loop: Routes of the working tunnel and protection tunnel form a
protection loop. Half of the loop is used as the working route and the other
half is used as the protection route.

Routing policy: (1) uniform routing; (2) shortest path routing; (3) routing for
load sharing

Relations between routing policy and protection mode


1+1 protection: All routing policies achieve the same result.
1:1 protection: Shortest path routing and routing for load sharing are
recommended, and uniform routing is not recommended.

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Tunnel APS Routing


Yinzhou
Shundeli plant

Wuxiang

Zhanqi

Hongsen Wood
Jiebei BSC

Dongwu Jinlong
Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Jiebei

Shiqi

Yinzhou Dongwu II

Qiuai

Jishigang
Telecom
Yunlong
Telecom

Yinzhou
Gaoqian

Mozhi

Yinzhong

Tangxi

Panhuo

Qianhurenjia
Yinzhou Hengxi

On a tunnel APS loop, the working tunnel takes the shorter path and the protection tunnel takes the longer path.
Telecom

For example, in tunnel APS Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli plant, the route is the working tunnel is Jiebei-ShiqiHongsen Wood-Yinzhou Shundeli plant, and the protection route is Jiebei-Qiuai-Panhuo-Yinzhong-ShiqiJishigang Telecom-Yinzhou Shundeli plant.

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Naming Rule of Tunnel APS Groups

Description:

The name of tunnel APS group is not a necessary parameter for network debugging, but is defined in this
design for easy description and understanding.

Naming rule of tunnel APS groups


Purpose of tunnel:office direction of tunnel

The meaning of fields here is identical with that in tunnel object names.

This naming rule shows that a bidirectional tunnel APS group object includes four
unidirectional tunnel objects.

For example, tunnel APS group EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli plant includes four unidirectional tunnel
objects, EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli plant:forward:working, EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli
plant:backward:working, EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou Shundeli plant:forward:protection, and EVDO:JiebeiYinzhou Shundeli plant:backward:protection. The first two tunnel objects form a bidirectional working
object, and the last two tunnel objects form a bidirectional protection tunnel object.

Tunnel APS object:


EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou
Shundeli plant

EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhong:forward:working
EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhong:backward:working
EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhong:forward:protection

Yinzhong
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Bidirectional tunnel
object:
EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou
Shundeli plant:working
Bidirectional tunnel
object:
Jiebei
EVDO:Jiebei-Yinzhou
Shundeli plant:protection

Page 50

Tunnel APS Group Parameters

Protection type

Single-ended/Dual-ended

Revertive
5m

0 ms

LTD.

Forward protection/Backward protection

Protection egress tunnel ID

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Protection ingress tunnel ID

Backward working/Forward working

Protection tunnel type

Hold-off time (100 ms)

Forward working/Backward working

Working egress tunnel ID

MPLS tunnel

Working ingress tunnel ID

WTR (m)

Working tunnel type

Revertive mode

1+1/1: 1

Switching mode

Backward protection/Forward protection

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3.9 Label Design

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Label Design Procedure

From PW label design to tunnel label design

PW label design: from convergence to access, from coarsegranularity access nodes from fine-granularity access nodes

Tunnel label design: from the top down

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PW Label Design:
from Convergence to Access and from CoarseGranularity Access Nodes to Fine-GranularityService
Allocate PW labels to service convergence
convergence
Access
Nodes
nodes
nodes and then access nodes.

PW label
200 -350

Allocate PW labels to access nodes at the


regional level, subnet level, and NE level in
turn.
Allocate PW labels to service convergence
nodes from coarse-granularity nodes to finegranularity nodes.

PW label
200 -299

PW label
200 -249

PW label
250 -299

CoarsePW label granularity


300 -350 service
access nodes

PW label
300 -324

PW label
325 -350

Principles of node division:

Fine-granularity node division saves label


resources but at the cost of worse flexibility.
Coarse-granularity node division uses more
label resources but provides better flexibility.
Generally, nodes are divided to the accesslayer subnet level.

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Fine-granularity service
access nodes

Node division in PW label allocation is independent of


network topology. This means that fine-granularity
nodes under a coarse-granularity node are
unnecessarily to have correlated topologies.

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Tunnel Label Design: from the Top down

Tunnel label design: from the top down

Tunnel labels should be allocated from the top down. For a three-layer
network, the tunnel label design should be made in the sequence of
backbone layer, convergence layer, and access layer.

Description:

Tunnel label design is optional. By default, the T2000 supports


automatic label allocation during tunnel creation.

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About Label Planning and Design

Label resource planning outputs a


label resource use rule. The rule is not

Idle

compulsory and is maintained


manually.

Label resource planning and design is


to specify a few label ranges for
specific purposes so that labels in a
range can be allocated to objects
serving the corresponding purpose.

Define
purpose of
label

Clear purpose of label

PW/Tunnel objects
release labels

Reserve
Redefine purpose of label

Allocate labels to
PW/tunnel objects

Label resource planning is based on an


assumed service requirement. If the

Label planning and design

assumption goes beyond actual


conditions, the planning should be
adjusted.

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Use

Contents of Label Design

PW label design

Tunnel label design

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Contents of Label Design

PW label design

Tunnel label design

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PW Label Resource Planning

The ingress label and egress label of a PW object must be equal.

To support services in uncertain office directions (such as VIP customer services), label
range 0/16-199 is reserved on all NEs throughout the network as PWs carrying these
services. This ensures that enough PWs are available for 184 EPL services in any office
directions throughout the network even in the worst conditions.

PW label resource planning for CDMA BTS services:

Totally 500 labels are reserved at Jiebei to support 500 PWs, more than the required 480 PWs.
Totally 200 labels are reserved at Yinzhong to support 200 PWs, more than the required 120 PWs.
It is evaluated that each backbone node requires 140 PWs to connect to the subnets, 100 PWs to Jiebei
and 40 PWs to Yinzhong.

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PW Label Planning
PW labels:
200-699
Shiqi

PW labels:
700 -899

Backbone layer

Jiebei

Yinzhong
Attached subnet
PW labels:
400-499
780-819

Qiuai

Ring#1
Yinzhong

500 and 200 PWs are


designed for Jiebei and
Yinzhong respectively to
support at least 500 and 200
EPL services from the access
layer.

Panhuo

Shiqi
Attached subnet
PW labels:
300-399
740-779

Jiebei
Attached subnet
PW labels:
200-299
700-739

Panhuo
Attached subnet
PW labels:
500-599
820-859

Qiuai
Attached subnet
PW labels:
600-699
860-899

Totally 140 PWs, 100 PWs to Jiebei and 40 PWs to Yinzhong, are designed for each regional
subnet attached to a backbone node.
Idle labels in the range of 2048 to 28671are allocated for inter-node communication on the
backbone layer.

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PW Label Preservation Scheme


PW labels:
200-699

Ring#1
To: Qiuai

PW labels:
700 -899

Jieb
ei

Shiqi

Idle labels:
700-28671

Idle labels:
200-28671

Ring#3

N/
A
Jiebei Region

Shiqi Region

Jiebei

200-299

300-399

Yinzhong

700-739

Access PW

140

Free label
space in
the region

300-699
740-1535

Label range 16-199 on all NEs throughout


the network is reserved for services in
uncertain office directions.

Yinzhong
Idle labels:
200-699
900-28671

Panhuo
Idle labels:
200-28671

Ring#1
To:
Jiebei

Idle labels:
200-28671

Ring#2
L#1
L#2
L#3

N/A

Ring#4
Yinzhong

Qiuai

Access

Panhuo Region

Qiuai Region

400-499

500-599

600-699

500

740-779

780-819

820-859

860-899

200

140

140

140

140

700

200-299

200-399

200-499

200-599

400-739

500-779

600-819

700-859

780-1535

820-1535

860-1535

900-1535

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PW

Summary: PW Label Use Rules

Label range 16-199 on all NEs throughout the network is reserved for services in uncertain office
directions.

Label ranges 200-699 and 700-899 are reserved on the service convergence NEs at Jiebei and
Yinzhong for PWs on the NEs in the subnets attached to the five backbone nodes at Jiebei, Shiqi,
Yinzhong, Panhuo, and Qiuai.

Label ranges 200-299, 300-399, 400-499, 500-599, and 600-699 are reserved on the NEs at Jiebei for
PWs on the NEs in the subnets attached to the five backbone nodes at Jiebei, Shiqi, Yinzhong,
Panhuo, and Qiuai.

Label ranges 700-739, 740-779, 780-819, 820-859, and 860-899 are reserved on the NEs at Yinzhong for
PWs on the NEs in the subnets attached to the five backbone nodes at Jiebei, Shiqi, Yinzhong,
Panhuo, and Qiuai.

Totally 140 labels are reserved on each NE in the subnets attached to the five backbone nodes at
Jiebei, Shiqi, Yinzhong, Panhuo, and Qiuai for CDMA service PWs.

The PW label ranges reserved on NEs are identical among the subnets in the same region, and are
different among the subnets in different regions (intersection as null).

Label range 5000-28671 is reserved for PWs between the five backbone NEs.

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Contents of Label Design

PW label design

Tunnel label design

About tunnel label design

Tunnel label design for the backbone layer

Tunnel label design for the convergence layer

Tunnel label design for the access layer

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Contents of Label Design

PW label design

Tunnel label design

About tunnel label design

Tunnel label design for the backbone layer

Tunnel label design for the convergence layer

Tunnel label design for the access layer

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About Tunnel Label Design

Tunnel label space is limited virtual network resources.


Reasonable and effective use of the resources is important
for network operation. Tunnel label area design is a solution
to effective label resource utilization.

Example:

Approach 1:
Hop-based label
Approach 2:
Unified label

Tunnel label
16

Tunnel label
17

Jiebei

Shiqi

Yinzhong

Shiqi

Yinzhong

Tunnel label
16

Jiebei

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Structure Design for Tunnel Label Subnets


Tunnel label
6666

Same NE
Tunnel label
16

Label 16 is being used by Tunnel label


106
another tunnel.

Higher-layer Tunnel label subnet#0


Space: 16-32,768
subnets

Connection of different NEs

Label 16 is being used by


another tunnel.
Lower-layer
subnets

Tunnel label subnet#1


Space: 16-2,048

Lower-layer Tunnel label subnet#2


Space: 16-2,048
subnets

About tunnel label subnet

The structure of tunnel label subnets is a label resource utilization rule defined for easy network management.
A tunnel label subnet corresponds to a tunnel label range.
The tunnel labels in a tunnel label subnet are assigned values in the corresponding label space, and the label
values remain the same in the routes of the subnet.
When a higher-layer subnet is connected to several lower-layer subnets, the tunnel label range of the higher-layer
subnet includes that of each lower-layer subnets to make it possible for label value conversion.
When a tunnel route enters a different area, the tunnel label value changes into the value in the corresponding
label space of the new area.

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Contents of Label Design

PW label design

Tunnel label design

About tunnel label design

Tunnel label design for the backbone layer

Tunnel label design for the convergence layer

Tunnel label design for the access layer

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Tunnel Label Allocation on the


Backbone Layer: Ring#1
Idle labels:
700-1999
5000-28671

Ring#1
To:
Qiuai

Jiebei

Shiqi
Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

N/A

Jiebei Region

Reserved
label

Idle labels:
200-699
900-1999
5000-28671

Idle labels:
200-1999
5000-28671

Panhuo

Yinzhong
Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Ring#3

Shiqi Region

Idle labels:
200-1999
5000 -28671

Idle labels:
200-1999
5000-28671

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Ring#1

Qiuai

Ring#4

N/A

Yinzhong

Panhuo

Region

Region

To:
Jiebei

Ring#2
L#1
L#2
L#3

Tunnel
Qiuai Region

APS
Capacity

2000-2599

2600-3199

3200-3799

3800-4399

4400-4999

750

150

150

150

150

150

750

Tunnel
APS
capacity
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Summary: Tunnel Label Allocation on


the Backbone Layer

Label ranges 2000-2599, 2600-3199, 3200-3799, 3800-4399, and 4400-4999 are


reserved on the NEs of the five backbone nodes at Jiebei, Shiqi, Yinzhong,
Panhuo, and Qiuai on Ring#1 for tunnels between the NEs on the backbone
nodes and the attached subnets.

These 3000 labels support 750 LSP APS PWs even in the worst conditions, more
than the required 700 PWs.

The label values of unidirectional tunnels remain the same in Ring#1 route.

The tunnel labeled N, where N is an even number in the range of 2000 to 4998,
and the tunnel labeled N + 1 form a bidirectional tunnel pair.

For tunnels between the NEs on the backbone nodes of Ring#1 and the attached
subnets, labels in the reserved range are allocated in an ascending order.

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Contents of Label Design

PW label design

Tunnel label design

About tunnel label design

Tunnel label design for the backbone layer

Tunnel label design for the convergence layer

Tunnel label design for the access layer

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Tunnel Label Resource Allocation on


the Convergence Layer: Ring#2
Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671
Qiuai

Ring#2

To:
Mozhi

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671
Wuxiang

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Idle labels:
200-599
700-859
900-1535

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671
Zhanqi

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

L#1

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671
Tangxi

L#3

Idle labels:
200-599
700-859
900-1535

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671
Mozhi

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Ring#2

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

L#2

Idle labels:
200-599
700-859
900-1535

The tunnel label range reserved on the convergence layer is consistent with that on the backbone
layer. Ring#2 is a subnet attached to the backbone node at Qiuai on Ring#1. Therefore, the tunnel label
range of Ring#2 inherits that of Ring#1, which is 4400-4999.

Tunnel label allocation rule on Ring#2: in ascending order

When a new convergence-layer subnet is connected to the Qiuai node, the purpose of reserved tunnel
labels on the convergence layer can be changed, for example, 4400-4699 be allocated to Ring#2 and
4700-4999 to the new convergence ring.

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To:
Qiuai

Summary: Tunnel Label Allocation on


the Convergence Layer

Usually, the PTN 1900 is used on the convergence layer because it provides 32 k label
space to converge large-volume services (about 6,000 protected private line services).

The OSN 1500 is not recommended on the convergence layer (particularly when the
convergence-layer subnet is large) because it provides only 2 k label space to converge
small-volume services (about 400 protected private line services).

When the PTN 1900 is used on a convergence-layer subnet, it can inherit the tunnel
label scheme on the backbone layer to keep label consistency in the tunnel route
crossing the backbone layer and convergence layer.

When a new convergence-layer subnet is connected to a backbone node, the tunnel


label range reserved for the original convergence-layer subnet can be divided, for
example, in half.

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Contents of Label Design

PW label design

Tunnel label design

About tunnel label design

Tunnel label design for the backbone layer

Tunnel label design for the convergence layer

Tunnel label design for the access layer

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Tunnel Label Evaluation for AccessLayer


An access Subnets
layer subnet is a simple ring or chain on the access layer.

Tunnel label evaluation for an access-layer subnet should consider the following items:
number of PWs connected to the access-layer subnet (P), neighboring relationship
among access-layer subnets (N), and idle label intersection between access-layer
subnets and the connected backbone-/convergence-layer NE (L). N stands for the
number of neighboring access-layer subnets. For example, a backbone/convergence
node is connected to N access-layer rings or chains.

Tunnel label evaluation model for access-layer subnets

L P + L * N, or L P + 4 * P * N, where L = 4 * P (in the worst conditions)


This model shows the relationship among topology, service volume (PW), tunnel quantity, and label
resource. For example, an OSN 3500 is connected to 10 OSN 1500 rings through private lines with
tunnel APS protection. In this case, L approximates 1,500, N is 10, the average service volume (PW) of
each OSN 1500 ring is up to 36, and the maximum number of tunnel labels for each OSN 1500 ring is
144. Thus, the tunnel label ranges of the 10 OSN 1500 rings do not cross and all the OSN 1500 rings
can be connected to an OSN 3500.
This model can be used to evaluate either access-layer subnets or the convergence layer and backbone
layer.

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Quick Reference for Tunnel Label Evaluation

Description:

The label quantity 1,100 has the PW and reserved quantities deducted.

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Reference Device Specifications


NE

Tunnel

PW

Label

Default

Start Multicast

Type

(Unidirectional

(Bidirectio

Space

Label

Label

) Quantity

nal)

Size

Space

Quantity
OSN 3500

4k

16 k

32 k

16-32,767

OSN 1500

512

512

2k

16-2,047

PTN 3900

4k

8k

32 k

16-32,767

28,672

PTN 1900

1k

2k

32 k

16-32,767

28,672

PTN 950

512

1,024

1.5 k

16-1,535

1,536

PTN 910

512

1,024

1.5 k

16-1,535

1,536

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Tunnel Label Resource Allocation to Access


Subnets Attached to Ring#1
Idle labels:
200-699
900-28671

Idle labels:
200-28671

Ring#1
To:
Qiuai

Jiebei
Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Idle labels:
200-299
400-739
780-1535

Shiqi

Yinzhong
Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Tunnel
labels:
1376- 1535

Ring#3

Panhuo

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Tunnel
labels:
1376- 1535

Ring#4

Ring#1

Qiuai

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Tunnel
labels:
2000 - 4999

Idle labels:
200-399
500-779
820-1535

For each access-layer subnet attached to a backbone node,


the designed PW quantity is 40, 160 tunnel labels or 40 tunnel
APS groups are required, and the tunnel label space is 1,3761,535.

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To:
Jiebei

Tunnel Label Resource Allocation to Access


Subnets Attached to Ring#2
Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671
Qiuai

Ring#2

To:
Mozhi

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Wuxiang
Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Idle labels:
200-599
700-859
900-1535

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671

Zhanqi

Tangxi
Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Tunnel
labels:
1216-1375

L#1

Tunnel
labels:
1376-1535

L#3

Idle labels:
200-599
700-859
900-1535

Idle labels:
200-4399
5000 -28671
Mozhi

Ring#2
To:
Qiuai

Tunnel
labels:
4400-4999

Tunnel
labels:
1376-1535
L#2

Idle labels:
200-599
700-859
900-1535

For each access-layer subnet attached to Ring#2, the designed PW quantity is 40, and
160 tunnel labels are required.
The idle label intersection among Wuxiang node, Mozhi node, L#1, and L#2 is 200-599,
600-859, and 900-1,535. The idle label intersection between L#1 and L#2 is null.
The tunnel label space of L#1 is 1,216-1,375, and the tunnel label space of L#2 and L#3
is 1,376-1,535.

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Summary: Tunnel Label Resource


Allocation on the Access Layer
1.

Evaluate the service volume of access subnets (PW quantity).

2.

Identify the neighboring relationship among access layer subnets.

3.

Calculate neighboring access-layer subnets and the intersection of


idle label space of all backbone/convergent NEs.

4.

Allocate tunnel label space in the intersection for each access


subnet with the volume of the space four times of the service
volume of each access subnet. Make sure that the tunnel label
space of neighboring access-layer subnets does not overlap.

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3.10 QoS Design

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QoS Design

Tasks of QoS design

Determine the QoS control point

Determine the QoS policy (CAR and forwarding priority)

Design principles: easy management and maintenance

Ingress control preferred

Simple traffic classification preferred

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Example: QoS Requirement Analysis

The network of the pilot office carries the DO service of


CDMA BTSs, which requires the CIR and PIR to be 10 Mbit/s
for each BTS, but does not require flow classification.
Therefore, the QoS scheme of the pilot office network
focuses on the CIR and PIR of private line services.

The CIR and PIR for tunnels are unlimited.

The forwarding priority of all services is EF.

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Example: QoS Control Point


Yinzhou Shundeli
plant
Uplink
V-UNI ingress

Jishigang
Telecom
Yunlong
Telecom

Jiebei
BSC#2

Jiebei
BSC#3

s33p1

Downlink
s33p2 V-UNI ingress

Ring#3

Jiebei

Yinzhou Binhai
Community

Zhanqi

Ring#2

Hongsen Wood

Shiqi

Wuxiang

L#3
Dongwu Jinlong

L#1
Yinzhou Dongwu II
Yinzhou Gaoqian

Qiua
i

Ring#1

L#2

Ring#4

Mozhi

Tangxi

Qianhurenjia
ETH

Yinzhou Hengxi
Telecom

Yinzhong

Panhuo

Using the ingress as a QoS control point is called ingress policy.


Configure uplink CIR and PIR on the port between the transmission device and the BTS and the service
UNI/ingress corresponding to the BTS VLAN ID, and set the forwarding priority of the service UNI ingress to EF.
Configure downlink CIR and PIR on the port between the transmission device and the BSC and the service
UNI/ingress corresponding to the BTS VLAN ID, and set the forwarding priority of the service UNI ingress to EF.
Do not configure CIR, PIR, or priority for tunnels.

BTS

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Example: QoS Design for Service UNI


Ingress

Both uplink and downlink forwarding

For the OSN 1500, the V-UNI ingress policy

priorities are configured on the service UNI

can be deployed on the service UNI ingress

ingress through parameter EF.

for uplink bandwidth restriction. This QoS


policy includes the following parameters:

For the PTN 3900 (OSN 3500), CIR and PIR

Name: CAR 10 Mbit/s

are configured directly on the service UNI

Flow classification condition: cVLAN ID =

ingress. Therefore, CIR and PIR of the

1, wildcard as 4095

service UNI ingress can be changed for

downlink bandwidth restriction.

CAR: CIR = PIR = 10 Mbit/s

Association between classified flow and


Queue sharing disabled

For the PTN 910/950, CIR and PIR are


configured directly on the service UNI

Create this QoS policy for the OSN 1500 at

ingress. Therefore, CIR and PIR of the

both ends and deploy the policy on the

service UNI ingress can be changed for

service UNI ingress.

uplink or downlink bandwidth restriction.

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Exception: Uplink Ingress Policy of the OSN


1500

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Thank you
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