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INTELLIGENT

BUILDING

(BUILDING
AUTOMATION)

SUBMITTED BYSHAHZEB RAHMAN


ABDUL AHAD QAVI
MANTASHA SHAKEEL
APEKSHA AGRAVANSHAJ
SATYAM SRIVASTAVA
B.ARCH (B)
4TH YEAR

In the early 1980s, several


major technology trends
were under way.
the creation and
emergence of the
personal computer
industry.

services and
innovations entered
the telecom
marketplace

The high technology concept of intelligent


building systems was introduced in United States
in early 1980s.

Smart Home
Perspective ....
a new kind of service
delivery environment
providing value to
the consumer

19th
Cenrury
Elementary
tasks based on
Human
Capability &
Flexibility

20th
Century
Functional
System
Integration
makes life
easier

21st Century
Integration of
comprehensive
Living
Environment

21st Century Integration of


comprehensive Living Environment
20th Century Functional System
Integration makes life easier
19th Cenrury Elementary tasks
based on Human Capability & Flexibility

Infotainment

Health care

Key DRIVER :
Broadband Connectivity &
Communicating Devices

Broadband connectivity

- City Wide
Broadband :
Cable/DSL,
- 3GTelephony rollout
starting (integrate the
data)
- WiFi deployment
- Wimax is announced

This era also spawned the


first real connection
between real estate
developers and technology.

Some modest
technological
advancements in
buildings are:

Structured cabling
systems,
Audio visual
systems, building
automation
controllers with
direct digital control
(DDC),
Conditioned space
for network
equipment,
Access control
systems,
Video surveillance.

WHAT IS SMART BUILDING?

SMART
BUILDING

FIG.1.1

building systems.

BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM


Building automation is the goal that a Building Management System or a (more
recent terminology) Building Automation System (BAS) attempts to achieve. Both
are examples of a distributed control system - the computer networking of electronic
devices designed to monitor and control the mechanical, security, fire and flood
safety, lighting (especially emergency lighting), HVAC and humidity control and
ventilation systems in a building.
BAS core functionality keeps building climate within a specified range, lights rooms
based on an occupancy schedule (in the absence of overt switches to the contrary),
monitors performance and device failures in all systems, provides malfunction
alarms (via typically email and/or text notifications) to building
engineering/maintenance staff and contractors. BAS reduce building energy and
maintenance costs compared to a non-controlled building. Typically they are
financed through energy and insurance savings, and other savings associated with
pre-emptive maintenance and quick detection of issues.
A building controlled by a BAS is often referred to as an intelligent building, "smart
building", or (if a residence) a "smart home".

FUNCTIONS:-

ADVANTAGES
ENERGY SAVINGS
it is estimated that a BAS can save
a business between 5% and 30% on utility costs by
managing HVAC and lighting systems. HVAC and
lighting are the two largest users of energy in
modern buildings and are usually the first systems
to be automated. Wireless BAS systems can
monitor every zone of the building and make instant
adjustments to maintain comfort while lowering
energy usage. Lighting can be reduced remotely in
areas of the building that are not occupied which
also cuts energy costs.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
By reducing the energy usage of a building, a BAS
also reduces the amount of greenhouse gases
released into the atmosphere. A BAS can be
integrated into plumbing systems to monitor and
reduce water usage. By eliminating waste, these
systems help buildings use resources more
efficiently and reduce their impact on the
environment. The systems also allow third parties,
like government agencies, to collect data and
validate the amount of energy consumed by the
building.

DISADVANTAGES
TECHNOLOGY LIMITS
Current technology is unable to automate
all desired tasks. Some tasks cannot be
easily automated, such as the production
or assembly of products with inconsistent
component sizes or in tasks where
manual dexterity is required. There are
some things that are best left to human
assembly and manipulation.
ECONOMIC LIMITS
Certain tasks would cost more to
automate than to perform manually.
Automation is typically best suited to
processes that are repeatable, consistent
and high volume.

IMPROVED SECURITY
The need for security depends on the
nature of the business conducted in the
building. A BAS can be programmed to lock
doors and turn off lights at a designated
time. Should an employee wish to access
the building after that time, a key card will
allow access and the system will turn on the
lights in the area where the employee is
working, but nowhere else. The system can
also be programmed to control exterior
lights in parking lots and security cameras.
Should a security breach occur, the system
will notify appropriate personnel.

UNPREDICTABLE DEVELOPMENT
COSTS.
The research and development cost of
automating a process is difficult to predict
accurately beforehand. Since this cost can
have a large impact on profitability, it is
possible to finish automating a process only
to discover that there is no economic
advantage in doing so. With the advent and
continued growth of different types of
production lines, however, more accurate
estimates based on previous projects can be
made.
INITIAL COSTS ARE RELATIVELY HIGH
The automation of a new product or the
construction of a new plant requires a huge
initial investment compared to the unit cost of
the product. Even machinery for which the
development cost has already been
recovered is expensive in terms of hardware
and labor. The cost can be prohibitive for
custom production lines where product
handling and tooling must be developed.

BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

A Building Management System (BMS) or a (more recent terminology)


Building Automation System (BAS) is a computer-based control system
installed in buildings that controls and monitors the buildings mechanical
and electrical equipment such as ventilation, lighting, power systems, fire
systems, and security systems.

A BMS consists of software and hardware; the software program, usually


configured in a hierarchical manner, can be proprietary, using such protocols
as C-bus, Profibus, and so on.

Vendors are also producing BMSs that integrate using Internet


protocols and open standards such
as DeviceNet, SOAP, XML, BACnet, LonWorks and Modbus.

BENEFITS OF BMS
Building tenant/occupants
Good control of internal comfort conditions
Possibility of individual room control
Increased staff productivity
Effective monitoring and targeting of energy
consumption
Improved plant reliability and life
Effective response to HVAC -related complaints
Save time and money during the maintenance.
Building owner
Higher rental value
Flexibility on change of building use
Individual tenant billing for services facilities
manager
Central or remote control and monitoring of building
Increased level of comfort and time saving
Remote Monitoring of the plants (such as AHU's,
Fire pumps, plumbing pumps, Electrical supply,
STP, WTP, Grey water treatment Plant etc.)

Maintenance Companies
Ease of information
availability problem
Computerized maintenance
scheduling
Effective use of
maintenance staff
Early detection of problems
More satisfied occupants

Home automation system

Home automation is the residential extension of building automation. It is automation


of the home, housework or household activity.
Home automation may include centralized control of lighting, HVAC (heating,
ventilation and air conditioning), appliances, security locks of gates and doors and
other systems, to provide improved convenience, comfort, energy efficiency and
security.
Home automation for the elderly and disabled can provide increased quality of life for
persons who might otherwise require caregivers or institutional care.
SYSTEM ELEMENT

Networks
HVAC
Lighting
Audio visual
Shading
Security
Intercom
Domotics
Smart grid

FIG.1.2 INTEGRATED BUILDING SYSTEMS

Some instances

CONTD.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ORDINARY BUILDINGS


ANDINTELLIGENT BUILDINGS.
Ordinary building, there will be
Ordinaryroom
building,
there will be
different
conditions
different room
depending
on theconditions
changes in the
depending
on
the
changes in the
environmental conditions.
environmental conditions.
The cost of construction of
The cost of construction of
Intelligent Building is very high as
IntelligenttoBuilding
is very
high as
compared
an ordinary
building.
compared to an ordinary building.

Intelligent building adjusts the


Intelligent
building
adjusts
theas
inside
functional
aspects
such
inside functional
such as
lighting,
ventilation,aspects
air
lighting, ventilation,
air
conditioning,
etc. automatically
conditioning,
etc.inautomatically
with
the changes
environmental
with
the
changes
in
environmental
conditions controlled by
computer.
conditions controlled by computer.
In an Intelligent Building, the
In an Intelligent
Building, the
security
system, communication
securityetc.
system,
communication
system,
are coordinated
and
system,
etc.
are
coordinated
and
automatically controlled by
automatically
by as in
computer
work controlled
station where
computer
work station
where
as in
ordinary
buildings
there is
no work
ordinary buildings there is no work
station.
station.

But in case of ordinary


But in case of ordinary
building, a building
building, a building
service engineer and an
service engineer and an
architect is enough.
architect is enough.

While planning an
While planning an
intelligent building, a
intelligent building, a
building service engineer,
building service engineer,
an architect & hardware
an architect & hardware
engineer is required.
engineer is required.

Benefits
The intelligent or
smart buildings can
provide many
benefits to an
organization. By
integrating a number
of building
systems it helps an
organization get the
most efficient use
out of all of their
building systems.

FUTUTER SCOPE

Lets dream : tomorrows energy efficient


Lets dream : tomorrows energy efficient
buildings would have
buildings would have
A structure and walls of such insulation performance that

only 50 kWh/m2/year would suffice to achieve ideal thermal


comfort
All of its equipment to the optimal energy performance

level (lighting, HVAC, office devices, )


Intelligence everywhere that would seamlessly handle

energy usage optimization whilst guaranteeing optimal


comfort, a healthy environment and numerous other
services (security, assistance to elderly people, )
Renewable and non polluting energy sources
The ability to satisfy its own energy needs (thermal and/or

electric) or even contribute excess power to the community


(zero/positive energy buildings)
Users whose behaviors would have evolved towards a

reasoned usage of energy

REMOTEMONITORING
MONITORINGAND
ANDMANAGEMENT
MANAGEMENT
REMOTE
SYSTEM
SYSTEM
Remote monitoring and management
(RMM) is a collection of information
technology tools that are loaded to client
workstations and servers. These tools
gather information regarding the
applications and hardware operating in
the clients location as well as supply
activity reports to the IT service provider,
allowing them to resolve any issues.
RMM usually provides a set of IT
management tools like trouble ticket
tracking, remote desktop monitoring,
support and user information through a
complete interface.

RMM is the proactive, remote tracking of


network and computer health. RMM helps
to enhance the overall performance of
present technical support staff and take
advantage of resources in a much better
manner.