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Cooperation with

International
Organizations
Presented by: Ratela Asllani, M.A
PhD Candidate
Ratela Asllani, December 2014

Contents

NATOs Partnership
NATOs Partners
NATO & International Organizations
Conclusion

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1. NATOs Partnership

NATOs Strategic Concept identifies cooperative security


as one of NATOs three essential core tasks.

NATO works with partners from Central and Eastern Europe,


Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Mediterranean rim, the Gulf
region and individual countries from across the globe.

NATOs partners also comprise other international


organizations, including the UN and the EU, as well as other
actors such as the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Partners cooperate with NATO in a very broad range of


security-related areas and, when taking part in a NATO
cooperation programme, can participate in over 1,000
activities offered in the Partnership Cooperation Menu.

Partners contribute in many ways to shaping discussions and


debates in the Alliance.
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1. NATOs Partnership

A cooperative
Approach

A comprehensive
Approach

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1.1 A cooperative Approach


to Security
Partnership, dialogue, consultation & cooperation

Political consultations on security developments, as


appropriate, including regional issues, in particular with a
view to preventing crises and contributing to their
management;
Cooperation in NATO-led operations and missions;
Interoperability, so that partners can support the Alliance in
achieving its tactical, operational and strategic objectives;
Defense reform, capability- and capacity-building, education
and training;
Counter-terrorism;
Counter-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and
their means of delivery;
Emerging security challenges, including those related to
cyber defense, energy security and maritime security,
including counter-piracy;
Civil emergency planning.
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1.2 A Comprehensive
Approach to Crisis

Planning and conduct of


operations
Lessons learned, training,
education and exercises
Enhancing cooperation with
external actors
Public messaging
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2. NATOs Partners

Euro-Atlantic Partnership
Council (EAPC) (NATO+ countries)
NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue
(NATO + 7 Mediterranean countries)

Istanbul Cooperation Initiative


(ICI) (NATO+ 4 Gulf Cooperation Council)
Partners Across the Globe (countries
with mutual interests)

International Organizations
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3. NATO & International


Organizations

United Nations Organizations

European Union

Organization for Security and


Cooperation in Europe

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3.1 NATO & UN

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3.1 NATO & UN (Legal


Aspect)
The Charter of the United Nations, signed in San

Francisco on 26 June 1945, establishes the overall


responsibility of the UN Security Council for
international peace and security.
NATOs North Atlantic Treaty signed four years later,
on 4 April 1949, makes clear that the UN Charter is
the framework within which the Alliance operates.
In the Treaty, Allies reaffirm their faith in the
purposes and principles of the Charter and commit
themselves to the peaceful resolution of conflicts.
Commit themselves to the principle of collective
defense, in line with Article 51 of the UN Charter
which establishes the inherent right of individual or
collective defense of all UN member countries.
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3.1 NATO & UN

Share a commitment to maintaining international peace and


security. Cooperation since the early 1990s.

NATOs 2010 Strategic Concept commits the Alliance to


prevent crises, manage conflicts and stabilize post-conflict
situations, including by working more closely with NATOs
international partners, most importantly the UN and the
European Union.

The complexity of todays security challenges has required a


broader dialogue between NATO and the UN. In 2010,
following the signing of the 2008 UN-NATO declaration on
cooperation, NATO reinforced its liaison arrangements by
establishing the post of NATO Civilian Liaison Officer to the
United Nations, in addition to that of a Military Liaison
Officer, established in 1999. This enhanced cooperation is
an integral part of NATOs contribution to a Comprehensive
Approach to crisis management and operations.
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3.1 NATO & UN


Framework for Cooperation

In September 2008, established a framework for expanded consultation and


cooperation.
Cooperation on issues of common interest, including in communication &
information-sharing; capacity-building, training & exercises; lessons learned,
planning & support for contingencies; & operational coordination & support.
Cooperation on practical basis, taking into account each organization's
specific mandate, expertise, procedures & capabilities.
Regular exchanges & dialogue at senior & working levels on political &
operational issues.
NATOs Secretary General reports regularly to the UN Secretary-General on
progress in UN-mandated NATO-led operations & on other key decisions of
the North Atlantic Council in the area of crisis management & in the fight
against terrorism.
In recent years, staff-level meetings and high-level visits have become more
frequent.
The UN is frequently invited to attend NATO ministerial meetings & summits,
The NATO Secretary General participates in the UN General Assembly,
Staff level meetings take place on an annual basis between the Secretariats of
NATO & the UN.
NATO contributes to the work of a number of UN committees and bodies
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3.1 NATO & UN


Key areas of cooperation:

Counter-terrorism (UNSCR 1373, 2001)


Non-proliferation (UNSCR 1540, 2004)
Women, peace and security (UNSCR 1325, in August 2012, the NATO
Secretary General appointed a NATO Special Representative )
Protecting children in armed conflict (UNSCR 1612, appointment of a
NATO Focal Point for Children and Armed Conflict ).
Small arms and light weapons: NATO also contributes to the UN
Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in
Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in All its Aspects, adopted in July
2001 by nearly 150 countries, including all NATO member states.
Disaster relief: Through the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination
Centre (EADRCC), NATO coordinates consequence-management efforts
with UN and other bodies and shares information on disaster assistance.

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3.1 NATO & UN


Evaluation of cooperation in field:
Bringing peace to the former
Yugoslavia
Afghanistan
Iraq
Supporting African Union
missions
Deterring piracy
Libya
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3.2 NATO & EU

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3.2 NATO & EU


Strategic Partnership:
Sharing strategic interests.
Cooperate on issues of common interest.
Working side by side in crisis management,
capability development & political
consultations.
The EU is a unique & essential partner for
NATO.
Both share a majority of members (22), who
share common values.
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NATO & EU
Framework for Cooperation:

NATO-EU Declaration on ESDP


The Berlin Plus arrangements

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NATO & EU
Cooperation in Field :

The Western Balkans

FYROM
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Kosovo

Cooperation in other regions

Afghanistan
Darfur, Sudan
Piracy (EUNAVFOR Atalanta)
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NATO & EU
Areas of Cooperation:
Political consultation
Capabilities
Terrorism and WMD
proliferation
New areas of cooperation

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3.2 NATO & EU


Participation:

The organizations have 22 member countries in common.


Albania, Canada, Iceland, Norway, Turkey, and the United
States, which are members of NATO but not of the EU,
participate in all NATO-EU meetings.
Austria, Finland, Ireland, Sweden, and since 2008, Malta,
which are members of the EU and of NATOs Partnership
for Peace (PfP) programme, participate in all NATO-EU
meetings.
However, Cyprus which is not a PfP member & does not
have a security agreement with NATO on the exchange of
classified documents, cannot participate in official NATOEU meetings. This is a consequence of decisions taken by
NATO in December 2002. Informal meetings including
Cyprus take place occasionally at different levels.

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3.3 NATO & OSCE

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3.3 NATO & OSCE

Work together to build security & promote stability in


the Euro-Atlantic area
Cooperate at both the political & the operational level
in areas such as conflict prevention and resolution,
post-conflict rehabilitation, crisis management, as
well as in addressing new security challenges
At the political level, consult each other on thematic
and regional security issues of common interest such
as border security & disarmament.
At the operational level, cooperation in conflict
prevention, crisis management & post-conflict
rehabilitation has been particularly active in the
Western Balkans.
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NATO & OSCE

Complement each others efforts on the ground.

NATO initiatives to support defense reform, including arms


control, mine clearance & the destruction of stockpiles of
arms & munitions, dovetail with OSCE efforts aimed at
preventing conflict and restoring stability after conflict.

Close cooperation in the development of an international


Comprehensive Approach to crisis management, which
requires the effective application of both military and
civilian means. At the Lisbon Summit in 2010, the Allies
decided to enhance NATOs contribution to a
comprehensive approach to crisis management as part of
the international communitys effort and to improve
NATOs ability to deliver stabilization & reconstruction
effects.
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NATO & OSCE

At recent summits, the Allies have


reiterated the importance of the OSCEs
role in regional security & as a forum for
dialogue on issues relevant to Euro-Atlantic
security.
Encompassing the political/ military,
economic/ environmental & human
dimensions, the OSCE plays an important
role in promoting security and cooperation.
The Allies aim to further enhance NATOs
cooperation with the OSCE.
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NATO & OSCE


Political Dialogue

Regularly exchange views & information on key security-related issues such as border
security, disarmament, arms control (in particular, controlling the spread of small arms
and light weapons), energy security & terrorism, environmental issues (Environment
and Security Initiative (ENVSEC) ),
Political relations governed today by the "Platform for Co-operative Security", which
was launched by the OSCE in 1999 at the NATO Istanbul Summit. Via the Platform,
OSCE in order to restore democracy, prosperity and stability in Europe and beyond.
Since the Platform was adopted, experts from both NATO and the OSCE have met
regularly to discuss operational and political issues of common interest in the areas of
conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict reconstruction operations.
December 2003, the OSCEs "Strategy to Address Threats to Security and Stability in
the 21st Century"
Dialogue also takes place at a higher political level. The NATO Secretary General is
occasionally invited to speak at the OSCE Annual Security Review Conference. The
OSCE Secretary General addressed the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)
Ambassadors meeting (2007 & 2008). NATO regularly participates in the annual
meetings of the OSCE Ministerial Council, as an observer. The OSCE Chairperson-inOffice is also invited to some of the meetings held at NATO Headquarters in Brussels.
The NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme is associated with the ENVSEC,
which brings together NATO, the OSCE, the Regional Environmental Center, the
United Nations (UN) Development Programme, the UN Economic Commission for
Europe and the UN Environment Programme.
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NATO & OSCE


Cooperation in Western Balkan

Bosnia and Herzegovina

NATO and the OSCE developed a joint action programme

NATO assisted the OSCE in its work in the area of arms control & confidence
& security-building measures in the country.

NATO has,inter alia, contributed to the proper conduct of elections under


OSCE auspices.
Kosovo

(1998-1999), the OSCE mounted a Kosovo Verification Mission to monitor


compliance on the ground with the Holbrooke-Milosevic cease-fire agreement.
NATO conducted a parallel aerial surveillance mission.

UNSCR 1244 in June 1999, a new OSCE Mission in Kosovo was established as
part of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
(UNMIK).
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

A NATO Task Force provided additional security for international monitors in


early 2000. Today, the NATO Liaison Office in Skopje continues to exchange
information with the OSCE Mission to Skopje.
Border security

in May 2003, five Western Balkans countries endorsed a Common Platform


developed by the European Union, NATO, the OSCE and the then Stability
Pact for South-East Europe aimed at enhancing border security in the region.
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Conclusion
New threats led to cooperation with
International Organizations
Common values & interests led to
consultation & cooperation
Organizations tried to minimize their
overlapping issues & complement
each other
Building peace & security to the
world

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